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Article: Effects of cholinergic modulation on responses of neocortical neurons to fluctuating input

TitleEffects of cholinergic modulation on responses of neocortical neurons to fluctuating input
Authors
Issue Date1997
Citation
Cerebral Cortex, 1997, v. 7, n. 6, p. 502-509 How to Cite?
AbstractNeocortical neurons in vive are spontaneously active and intracellular recordings have revealed strongly fluctuating membrane potentials arising from the irregular arrival of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic potentials. In addition to those rapid fluctuations, more slowly varying influences from diffuse activation of neuromodulatory systems alter the excitability of cortical neurons by modulating a variety of potassium conductances. In particular, acetylcholine, which affects learning and memory, reduces the slow after hyperpolarization, which contributes to spike frequency adaptation. We used whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of pyramidal neurons in neocortical slices and computational simulations to show, first, that when fluctuating inputs were added to a constant current pulse, spike frequency adaptation was reduced as the amplitude of the fluctuations was increased. High-frequency, high-amplitude fluctuating inputs that resembled in vive conditions exhibited only weak spike frequency adaptation. Second, bath application of carbachol, a cholinergic agonist, significantly increased the firing rate in response to a fluctuating input but minimally displaced the spike times by <3 ms, comparable to the spike jitter observed when a visual stimulus is repeated under in vive conditions. These results suggest that cholinergic modulation may preserve information encoded in precise spike timing, but not in interspike intervals, and that cholinergic mechanisms other than those involving adaptation may contribute significantly to cholinergic modulation of learning and memory.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/228004
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 8.285
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 4.827

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTang, Akaysha C.-
dc.contributor.authorBartels, Andreas M.-
dc.contributor.authorSejnowski, Terrence J.-
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-01T06:44:57Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-01T06:44:57Z-
dc.date.issued1997-
dc.identifier.citationCerebral Cortex, 1997, v. 7, n. 6, p. 502-509-
dc.identifier.issn1047-3211-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/228004-
dc.description.abstractNeocortical neurons in vive are spontaneously active and intracellular recordings have revealed strongly fluctuating membrane potentials arising from the irregular arrival of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic potentials. In addition to those rapid fluctuations, more slowly varying influences from diffuse activation of neuromodulatory systems alter the excitability of cortical neurons by modulating a variety of potassium conductances. In particular, acetylcholine, which affects learning and memory, reduces the slow after hyperpolarization, which contributes to spike frequency adaptation. We used whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of pyramidal neurons in neocortical slices and computational simulations to show, first, that when fluctuating inputs were added to a constant current pulse, spike frequency adaptation was reduced as the amplitude of the fluctuations was increased. High-frequency, high-amplitude fluctuating inputs that resembled in vive conditions exhibited only weak spike frequency adaptation. Second, bath application of carbachol, a cholinergic agonist, significantly increased the firing rate in response to a fluctuating input but minimally displaced the spike times by <3 ms, comparable to the spike jitter observed when a visual stimulus is repeated under in vive conditions. These results suggest that cholinergic modulation may preserve information encoded in precise spike timing, but not in interspike intervals, and that cholinergic mechanisms other than those involving adaptation may contribute significantly to cholinergic modulation of learning and memory.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofCerebral Cortex-
dc.titleEffects of cholinergic modulation on responses of neocortical neurons to fluctuating input-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/cercor/7.6.502-
dc.identifier.pmid9276175-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0030792611-
dc.identifier.volume7-
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.spage502-
dc.identifier.epage509-

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