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Conference Paper: EBV infection suppresses the DNA repair mechanisms in nasopharyngeal epithelial cells via reduction of the H3K4m33 mark

TitleEBV infection suppresses the DNA repair mechanisms in nasopharyngeal epithelial cells via reduction of the H3K4m33 mark
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research. The Journal's web site is located at http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/
Citation
The 107th Annual Meeting of American Association for Cancer Research (AACR 2016), New Orleans, LA., 16-20 April 2016. In Cancer Research, 2016, v. 76 n. 14 suppl., abstract no. 4522 How to Cite?
AbstractINTRODUCTION: Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is an oncovirus, which contributes to development of various cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). EBV latent proteins play critical roles in modulation host cell histone modifications in order to regulate its signaling pathways. However, the role of EBV in regulation histone modifications in epithelia cell system is still not very clear. Further studies are necessary to characterize the functional role of EBV in regulating epithelial cell modifications. AIM: in this current study, we aim to investigate the role of EBV infection in regulating a promoter and transcription activation histone marker, H3K4me3, in the host cell genome. METHODOLOGIES: Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIPseq) was performed by using the next-generation sequencing approach. The ChIP reactions were prepared by utilizing the antibody targeting the H3K4me3 mark in two pairs of immortalized non-tumorigenic nasopharyngeal epithelial (NPE) cell lines, which were artificially infected with (550, 550-EBV, 361, and 361-EBV). The ChIPseq results were validated by the ChIP-QPCR and RT-QPCR. RESULTS: A total of 1747 genes show losses of H3K4me3 in both sets of EBV-infected NPE cell lines. Among them, 628 (36%) genes show losses of H3K4me3 in promoter regions. Interestingly, a total of 18 DNA damage repair signaling members in the base excision repair (BER), homologous recombination, non-homologous end-joining, and the mismatch repair pathways showed significant losses of H3K4me3 in EBV-infected NPE cells. Based on utilizing the DAVID annotation tool for pathway analysis, members in the BER pathway were significantly enriched (FDR = 0.0709, cut-off<0.1). The ChIPseq results were validated by ChIP- and RT-QPCR and showed significant losses of the H3K4me3 and expression of the BER members in both sets of EBV-infected NPE cell lines. The clinical significances were further confirmed by detection of significant down-regulation of the BER members in NPC paired biopsies. CONCLUSION: EBV infection induces changes of host cell H3K4me3 levels and results in down-regulation of the BER members.
DescriptionConference Theme: Bayer to Present New Data on Advancing Oncology Portfolio
Session: Molecular and Cellular Biology, Genetics
This journal suppl. is Proceedings: AACR 107th Annual Meeting 2016
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227519
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 8.556
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 5.372

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCheung, AKL-
dc.contributor.authorDai, W-
dc.contributor.authorLeong, MML-
dc.contributor.authorTsao, GSW-
dc.contributor.authorLung, ML-
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-18T09:11:12Z-
dc.date.available2016-07-18T09:11:12Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationThe 107th Annual Meeting of American Association for Cancer Research (AACR 2016), New Orleans, LA., 16-20 April 2016. In Cancer Research, 2016, v. 76 n. 14 suppl., abstract no. 4522-
dc.identifier.issn0008-5472-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227519-
dc.descriptionConference Theme: Bayer to Present New Data on Advancing Oncology Portfolio-
dc.descriptionSession: Molecular and Cellular Biology, Genetics-
dc.descriptionThis journal suppl. is Proceedings: AACR 107th Annual Meeting 2016-
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION: Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is an oncovirus, which contributes to development of various cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). EBV latent proteins play critical roles in modulation host cell histone modifications in order to regulate its signaling pathways. However, the role of EBV in regulation histone modifications in epithelia cell system is still not very clear. Further studies are necessary to characterize the functional role of EBV in regulating epithelial cell modifications. AIM: in this current study, we aim to investigate the role of EBV infection in regulating a promoter and transcription activation histone marker, H3K4me3, in the host cell genome. METHODOLOGIES: Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIPseq) was performed by using the next-generation sequencing approach. The ChIP reactions were prepared by utilizing the antibody targeting the H3K4me3 mark in two pairs of immortalized non-tumorigenic nasopharyngeal epithelial (NPE) cell lines, which were artificially infected with (550, 550-EBV, 361, and 361-EBV). The ChIPseq results were validated by the ChIP-QPCR and RT-QPCR. RESULTS: A total of 1747 genes show losses of H3K4me3 in both sets of EBV-infected NPE cell lines. Among them, 628 (36%) genes show losses of H3K4me3 in promoter regions. Interestingly, a total of 18 DNA damage repair signaling members in the base excision repair (BER), homologous recombination, non-homologous end-joining, and the mismatch repair pathways showed significant losses of H3K4me3 in EBV-infected NPE cells. Based on utilizing the DAVID annotation tool for pathway analysis, members in the BER pathway were significantly enriched (FDR = 0.0709, cut-off<0.1). The ChIPseq results were validated by ChIP- and RT-QPCR and showed significant losses of the H3K4me3 and expression of the BER members in both sets of EBV-infected NPE cell lines. The clinical significances were further confirmed by detection of significant down-regulation of the BER members in NPC paired biopsies. CONCLUSION: EBV infection induces changes of host cell H3K4me3 levels and results in down-regulation of the BER members.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherAmerican Association for Cancer Research. The Journal's web site is located at http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofCancer Research-
dc.titleEBV infection suppresses the DNA repair mechanisms in nasopharyngeal epithelial cells via reduction of the H3K4m33 mark-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailCheung, AKL: arthurhk@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailDai, W: weidai2@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLeong, MML: merrin@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailTsao, GSW: gswtsao@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLung, ML: mlilung@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, AKL=rp01769-
dc.identifier.authorityDai, W=rp02146-
dc.identifier.authorityTsao, GSW=rp00399-
dc.identifier.authorityLung, ML=rp00300-
dc.identifier.doi10.1158/1538-7445.AM2016-4522-
dc.identifier.hkuros259651-
dc.identifier.volume76-
dc.identifier.issue14 suppl., abstract no. 4522-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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