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Conference Paper: Oral health for Hong Kong institutionalized adults with intellectual disability

TitleOral health for Hong Kong institutionalized adults with intellectual disability
Authors
Issue Date2016
PublisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://jdr.sagepub.com/
Citation
The 94th General Session & Exhibition of the IADR, 3rd Meeting of the IADR Asia Pacific Region & 35th Annual Meeting of the IADR Korean Division, Seoul, Korea, 22-25 June 2016. In Journal of Dental Research, 2016, v. 95 Spec. Iss. B, abstract no. 349 How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVES: To describe the oral health related behaviors and oral health status of Hong Kong adults with intellectual disability (ID) residing in institutions. METHODS: Systematic sampling was used to select 16 out of the 96 government-subsidized residential care institutions for adults (aged >17 years) with ID. All adults with mild to severe ID were invited. Background and oral health related behavior information was obtained from questionnaire, while data on oral health status were obtained from oral examination. RESULTS: In 2015, a total of 255 subjects (156 men, 99 women) from 8 institutions participated in this study. Most (62%) of the subjects were aged 18-44 years. Nearly half (47%) of the subjects were at moderate grade of ID. Most of them (87%) brushed their teeth twice or more times a day and 67% had sugary snacks less than once a day. Two-thirds (65%) had regular dental check-up and 68 % had their last visit within 1 year. The mean DT, MT, FT and DMFT scores of the 18-44 year-old group were 0.4±1.1, 3.7±5.8, 1.5±2.2 and 5.6±6.7; and those of the 45-77 year-old group were 0.3±0.7, 12.8±9.4, 1.2±1.5 and 14.2±9.3. There mean MT and DMFT scores of the older group were significantly higher than those of the younger group (p<0.001). Only 6% of them had dental prosthesis. Most (86%) of them had gingival bleeding on probing while only 13% of them had periodontal pocket of >5mm. The differences in periodontal status between the two age groups were not statistically significant (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Hong Kong institutionalized adults with ID had satisfactory oral health related behaviors and their oral health status was similar to the general population. Missing teeth was common in this population group but not untreated decayed or filled teeth. Their gingival health was poor but deep periodontal pockets were not common.
DescriptionPoster Session - Risk, QoL & Life-Course Factors: no. 349
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227509
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSuen, RPC-
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECM-
dc.contributor.authorChu, CH-
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-18T09:11:08Z-
dc.date.available2016-07-18T09:11:08Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationThe 94th General Session & Exhibition of the IADR, 3rd Meeting of the IADR Asia Pacific Region & 35th Annual Meeting of the IADR Korean Division, Seoul, Korea, 22-25 June 2016. In Journal of Dental Research, 2016, v. 95 Spec. Iss. B, abstract no. 349-
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227509-
dc.descriptionPoster Session - Risk, QoL & Life-Course Factors: no. 349-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: To describe the oral health related behaviors and oral health status of Hong Kong adults with intellectual disability (ID) residing in institutions. METHODS: Systematic sampling was used to select 16 out of the 96 government-subsidized residential care institutions for adults (aged >17 years) with ID. All adults with mild to severe ID were invited. Background and oral health related behavior information was obtained from questionnaire, while data on oral health status were obtained from oral examination. RESULTS: In 2015, a total of 255 subjects (156 men, 99 women) from 8 institutions participated in this study. Most (62%) of the subjects were aged 18-44 years. Nearly half (47%) of the subjects were at moderate grade of ID. Most of them (87%) brushed their teeth twice or more times a day and 67% had sugary snacks less than once a day. Two-thirds (65%) had regular dental check-up and 68 % had their last visit within 1 year. The mean DT, MT, FT and DMFT scores of the 18-44 year-old group were 0.4±1.1, 3.7±5.8, 1.5±2.2 and 5.6±6.7; and those of the 45-77 year-old group were 0.3±0.7, 12.8±9.4, 1.2±1.5 and 14.2±9.3. There mean MT and DMFT scores of the older group were significantly higher than those of the younger group (p<0.001). Only 6% of them had dental prosthesis. Most (86%) of them had gingival bleeding on probing while only 13% of them had periodontal pocket of >5mm. The differences in periodontal status between the two age groups were not statistically significant (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Hong Kong institutionalized adults with ID had satisfactory oral health related behaviors and their oral health status was similar to the general population. Missing teeth was common in this population group but not untreated decayed or filled teeth. Their gingival health was poor but deep periodontal pockets were not common.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://jdr.sagepub.com/-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Research-
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc.-
dc.titleOral health for Hong Kong institutionalized adults with intellectual disability-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM: edward-lo@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChu, CH: chchu@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015-
dc.identifier.authorityChu, CH=rp00022-
dc.identifier.hkuros259753-
dc.identifier.volume95-
dc.identifier.issueSpec. Iss. B-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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