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Article: Effect of different fluoride varnishes on remineralization of artificial enamel carious lesions

TitleEffect of different fluoride varnishes on remineralization of artificial enamel carious lesions
Authors
Issue Date2016
Citation
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 2016 How to Cite?
AbstractOBJECTIVES:To compare remineralization potential of topical fluoride varnishes with added calcium phosphate-based delivery systems on artificial enamel caries. METHODS: Human enamel specimens (n = 60) were randomly divided into six groups: Group 0: Control (no varnish), Group 1: Duraphat® , Group 2: MI Varnish™ , Group 3: Embrace™ Varnish, Group 4: Enamel Pro® Varnish, and Group 5: Clinpro™ White Varnish. Specimens were immersed in demineralizing solution for 96 h to create artificial caries lesion. Each specimen was then immersed in artificial saliva for 6 h after fluoride varnish application and pH cycling was performed for 8 days. Specimens were evaluated using Knoop surface microhardness (KHN) and transverse microradiography (TMR). One-way anova test was performed to examine the effect of fluoride varnishes on change in percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SHR), change in lesion depth (ΔLD), and change in mineral loss (ΔΔZ) with the significance limit set at 5%. RESULTS: %SHR of enamel following treatment with Group 1 was significantly higher than Group 3 and Group 4. Conversely, ΔLD and ΔΔZ of Group 1 were significantly higher than Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4. No significant differences in %SHR, ΔLD, and ΔΔZ were found between Group 1 and Group 5. CONCLUSIONS: Duraphat® alone achieves significant remineralization of enamel carious lesions. Clinpro™ White Varnish had similar enamel remineralization effect as Duraphat® .
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227164

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMohd Said, SN-
dc.contributor.authorEkambaram, M-
dc.contributor.authorYiu, CKY-
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-18T09:08:49Z-
dc.date.available2016-07-18T09:08:49Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 2016-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/227164-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES:To compare remineralization potential of topical fluoride varnishes with added calcium phosphate-based delivery systems on artificial enamel caries. METHODS: Human enamel specimens (n = 60) were randomly divided into six groups: Group 0: Control (no varnish), Group 1: Duraphat® , Group 2: MI Varnish™ , Group 3: Embrace™ Varnish, Group 4: Enamel Pro® Varnish, and Group 5: Clinpro™ White Varnish. Specimens were immersed in demineralizing solution for 96 h to create artificial caries lesion. Each specimen was then immersed in artificial saliva for 6 h after fluoride varnish application and pH cycling was performed for 8 days. Specimens were evaluated using Knoop surface microhardness (KHN) and transverse microradiography (TMR). One-way anova test was performed to examine the effect of fluoride varnishes on change in percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SHR), change in lesion depth (ΔLD), and change in mineral loss (ΔΔZ) with the significance limit set at 5%. RESULTS: %SHR of enamel following treatment with Group 1 was significantly higher than Group 3 and Group 4. Conversely, ΔLD and ΔΔZ of Group 1 were significantly higher than Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4. No significant differences in %SHR, ΔLD, and ΔΔZ were found between Group 1 and Group 5. CONCLUSIONS: Duraphat® alone achieves significant remineralization of enamel carious lesions. Clinpro™ White Varnish had similar enamel remineralization effect as Duraphat® .-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry-
dc.titleEffect of different fluoride varnishes on remineralization of artificial enamel carious lesions-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailEkambaram, M: drmani@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailYiu, CKY: ckyyiu@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityEkambaram, M=rp02026-
dc.identifier.authorityYiu, CKY=rp00018-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/ipd.12243-
dc.identifier.hkuros258998-

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