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Article: Dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load among Australian children and adolescents: results from the 2011-2012 Australian Health Survey

TitleDietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load among Australian children and adolescents: results from the 2011-2012 Australian Health Survey
Authors
KeywordsAHS Australian Health Survey
GI glycaemic index
GL glycaemic load
PAL physical activity level
Adolescents
Australian youths
Children
Glycaemic index
Glycaemic load
National Nutrition Survey
Issue Date2016
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJN
Citation
The British Journal of Nutrition, 2016, v. 116 n. 1, p. 178-187 How to Cite?
AbstractThis study aimed to examine the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) of Australian children and adolescents, as well as the major food groups contributing to GL, in the recent 2011-2012 Australian Health Survey. Plausible food intake data from 1876 children and adolescents (51 % boys), collected using a multiple-pass 24-h recall, were analysed. The GI of foods was assigned based on a step-wise published method using values from common GI databases. Descriptive statistics were calculated for dietary GI, GL and contribution to GL by food groups, stratified by age group and sex. Linear regression was used to test for trends across age groups for BMI, dietary GI and GL, and intakes of energy, nutrients and food groups. Pearson's χ 2 test was used to test for differences between age groups for categorical subject characteristic variables. Mean dietary GI and GL of participants were 55·5 (sd 5·3) and 137·4 (sd 50·8), respectively. The main contributors to dietary GL were starchy foods: breads, cereal-based dishes, breakfast cereals, flours, grains and potatoes accounted for 41 % of total GL. Sweetened beverages, fruit and vegetable juices/drinks, cake-type desserts and sweet biscuits contributed 15 %. No significant difference (at P<0·001) was observed between sexes. In conclusion, Australian children and adolescents appear to consume diets with a lower GI than European children. Exchanging high-GI foods for low-GI alternatives within core and non-core foods may improve diet quality of Australian children and adolescents.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/225477
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.311
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.587

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorJones, M-
dc.contributor.authorBarclay, AW-
dc.contributor.authorBrand-Miller, JC-
dc.contributor.authorLouie, CYJ-
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-18T01:09:07Z-
dc.date.available2016-05-18T01:09:07Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationThe British Journal of Nutrition, 2016, v. 116 n. 1, p. 178-187-
dc.identifier.issn0007-1145-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/225477-
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to examine the dietary glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) of Australian children and adolescents, as well as the major food groups contributing to GL, in the recent 2011-2012 Australian Health Survey. Plausible food intake data from 1876 children and adolescents (51 % boys), collected using a multiple-pass 24-h recall, were analysed. The GI of foods was assigned based on a step-wise published method using values from common GI databases. Descriptive statistics were calculated for dietary GI, GL and contribution to GL by food groups, stratified by age group and sex. Linear regression was used to test for trends across age groups for BMI, dietary GI and GL, and intakes of energy, nutrients and food groups. Pearson's χ 2 test was used to test for differences between age groups for categorical subject characteristic variables. Mean dietary GI and GL of participants were 55·5 (sd 5·3) and 137·4 (sd 50·8), respectively. The main contributors to dietary GL were starchy foods: breads, cereal-based dishes, breakfast cereals, flours, grains and potatoes accounted for 41 % of total GL. Sweetened beverages, fruit and vegetable juices/drinks, cake-type desserts and sweet biscuits contributed 15 %. No significant difference (at P<0·001) was observed between sexes. In conclusion, Australian children and adolescents appear to consume diets with a lower GI than European children. Exchanging high-GI foods for low-GI alternatives within core and non-core foods may improve diet quality of Australian children and adolescents.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJN-
dc.relation.ispartofThe British Journal of Nutrition-
dc.rightsThe British Journal of Nutrition. Copyright © Cambridge University Press.-
dc.subjectAHS Australian Health Survey-
dc.subjectGI glycaemic index-
dc.subjectGL glycaemic load-
dc.subjectPAL physical activity level-
dc.subjectAdolescents-
dc.subjectAustralian youths-
dc.subjectChildren-
dc.subjectGlycaemic index-
dc.subjectGlycaemic load-
dc.subjectNational Nutrition Survey-
dc.titleDietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load among Australian children and adolescents: results from the 2011-2012 Australian Health Survey-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLouie, CYJ: h0115648@graduate.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLouie, CYJ=rp02118-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/s0007114516001823-
dc.identifier.pmid27171604-
dc.identifier.hkuros258407-
dc.identifier.volume116-
dc.identifier.volume1-
dc.identifier.spage178-
dc.identifier.epage187-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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