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Article: Beijing: Urban Transport Issues in a Socialist Third World Setting (1949-1992)

TitleBeijing: Urban Transport Issues in a Socialist Third World Setting (1949-1992)
Authors
KeywordsDeveloping country
Market reform
Modernisation impact
Open door policy
Socialist approach
Issue Date1996
PublisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jtrangeo
Citation
Journal of Transport Geography, 1996, v. 4 n. 4, p. 253-273 How to Cite?
AbstractPost-1949 development of urban transport in Beijing, the national capital of the People's Republic of China, has been for a long time shaped by the ideology of the Chinese communists, in a setting of rapid urban growth and industrialization with general neglect of the 'consumption' needs of the urban populace. The Old City of feudal Beijing which the municipality inherited in 1949 and the need to preserve its pre-industrial street pattern, set by the city wall and the former Imperial Court (the Forbidden City), for historical and cultural reasons added another interesting and almost insurmountable constraint to the city's urban transport development. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the situation and development of urban transport in the city from 1949 to 1992, outlining its major characteristics and problems. The effects of the new Open Door and modernization policies since 1978 and their impact on a new approach emphasizing market forces are evaluated. Wherever feasible, comparative figures and materials from the western and Third World city are used to provide better appreciation of Beijing's situation. The experience of the new policy of Market Socialism that started in 1978 provides valuable evidence for other large Third World cities. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/223991
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.09
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.734

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSit, VFS-
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-18T03:05:01Z-
dc.date.available2016-03-18T03:05:01Z-
dc.date.issued1996-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Transport Geography, 1996, v. 4 n. 4, p. 253-273-
dc.identifier.issn0966-6923-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/223991-
dc.description.abstractPost-1949 development of urban transport in Beijing, the national capital of the People's Republic of China, has been for a long time shaped by the ideology of the Chinese communists, in a setting of rapid urban growth and industrialization with general neglect of the 'consumption' needs of the urban populace. The Old City of feudal Beijing which the municipality inherited in 1949 and the need to preserve its pre-industrial street pattern, set by the city wall and the former Imperial Court (the Forbidden City), for historical and cultural reasons added another interesting and almost insurmountable constraint to the city's urban transport development. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the situation and development of urban transport in the city from 1949 to 1992, outlining its major characteristics and problems. The effects of the new Open Door and modernization policies since 1978 and their impact on a new approach emphasizing market forces are evaluated. Wherever feasible, comparative figures and materials from the western and Third World city are used to provide better appreciation of Beijing's situation. The experience of the new policy of Market Socialism that started in 1978 provides valuable evidence for other large Third World cities. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherPergamon. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jtrangeo-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Transport Geography-
dc.subjectDeveloping country-
dc.subjectMarket reform-
dc.subjectModernisation impact-
dc.subjectOpen door policy-
dc.subjectSocialist approach-
dc.titleBeijing: Urban Transport Issues in a Socialist Third World Setting (1949-1992)-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailSit, VFS: hragvis@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0966-6923(96)00026-9-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-0030438255-
dc.identifier.hkuros23446-
dc.identifier.volume4-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage253-
dc.identifier.epage273-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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