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Article: Building biophysics in mid-century China: the University of Science and Technology of China

TitleBuilding biophysics in mid-century China: the University of Science and Technology of China
Authors
KeywordsBiophysics
History
People’s Republic of China
University of Science and Technology of China
Rocket
Mission
Discipline
Issue Date2015
PublisherSpringer Verlag Dordrecht. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0022-5010
Citation
Journal of the History of Biology, 2015, v. 48 n. 2, p. 201-235 How to Cite?
AbstractBiophysics has been either an independent discipline or an element of another discipline in the United States, but it has always been recognized as a stand-alone discipline in the People's Republic of China (PRC) since 1949. To inquire into this apparent divergence, this paper investigates the formational history of biophysics in China by examining the early institutional history of one of the best-known and prestigious science and technology universities in the PRC, the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC). By showing how the university and its biophysics program co-evolved with national priorities from the school's founding in 1958 to the eve of the Cultural Revolution in 1966, the purpose of this paper is to assess the development of a scientific discipline in the context of national demands and institutional politics. Specific materials for analysis include the school's admission policies, curricula, students' dissertations, and research program. To further contextualize the institutional setting of Chinese biophysics, this paper begins with a general history of proto-biophysical institutions in China during the Nationalist-Communist transitional years. This paper could be of interest to historians wanting to know more about the origin of the biophysics profession in China, and in particular how research areas that constitute biophysics changed in tandem with socio-political contingencies.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/223990
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 0.897
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.730
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLuk, YLC-
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-18T03:01:24Z-
dc.date.available2016-03-18T03:01:24Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of the History of Biology, 2015, v. 48 n. 2, p. 201-235-
dc.identifier.issn0022-5010-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/223990-
dc.description.abstractBiophysics has been either an independent discipline or an element of another discipline in the United States, but it has always been recognized as a stand-alone discipline in the People's Republic of China (PRC) since 1949. To inquire into this apparent divergence, this paper investigates the formational history of biophysics in China by examining the early institutional history of one of the best-known and prestigious science and technology universities in the PRC, the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC). By showing how the university and its biophysics program co-evolved with national priorities from the school's founding in 1958 to the eve of the Cultural Revolution in 1966, the purpose of this paper is to assess the development of a scientific discipline in the context of national demands and institutional politics. Specific materials for analysis include the school's admission policies, curricula, students' dissertations, and research program. To further contextualize the institutional setting of Chinese biophysics, this paper begins with a general history of proto-biophysical institutions in China during the Nationalist-Communist transitional years. This paper could be of interest to historians wanting to know more about the origin of the biophysics profession in China, and in particular how research areas that constitute biophysics changed in tandem with socio-political contingencies.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag Dordrecht. The Journal's web site is located at http://springerlink.metapress.com/openurl.asp?genre=journal&issn=0022-5010-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of the History of Biology-
dc.rightsThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10739-014-9398-8-
dc.subjectBiophysics-
dc.subjectHistory-
dc.subjectPeople’s Republic of China-
dc.subjectUniversity of Science and Technology of China-
dc.subjectRocket-
dc.subjectMission-
dc.subjectDiscipline-
dc.titleBuilding biophysics in mid-century China: the University of Science and Technology of China-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLuk, YLC: chrisluk@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLuk, YLC=rp02136-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10739-014-9398-8-
dc.identifier.pmid25564431-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84940002447-
dc.identifier.volume48-
dc.identifier.issue2-
dc.identifier.spage201-
dc.identifier.epage235-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000352713900002-
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands-

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