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Article: Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load among Indigenous and non-Indigenous children aged 10-12 years

TitleDietary glycemic index and glycemic load among Indigenous and non-Indigenous children aged 10-12 years
Authors
KeywordsGlycemic load
Glycemic index
Dietary glycemic index
Aboriginal and torres strait islander
Indigenous australian
Issue Date2012
Citation
Nutrition, 2012, v. 28, n. 7-8, p. e14-e22 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: This study aimed to estimate the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous rural children and identify the main foods contributing to their GI and GL. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of food intake of 215 children (38.1% were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders) 10 to 12 y old obtained by three 24-h recalls was conducted. The foods were ranked according to their total contribution to total carbohydrates, GI, and GL. Results: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander participants had a significantly higher dietary GL (155.8 ± 46.8 versus 135.4 ± 31.2, P < 0.001) and GI (58.3 ± 3.9 versus 56.9 ± 3.8, P = 0.008) than the non-Indigenous participants. White breads were the main contributors of GI and GL in both groups and were a main driver for the increasing GI. Fiber was not associated with GI, whereas sugar and starch were positively associated. Subjects with a higher GI tended to be less physically active. Conclusion: The quality of carbohydrates in the diets of the participants was low, with poorer dietary items contributing most of the GI and GL. Substituting white breads with low/lower GI alternatives may be a useful strategy. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/222646
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.839
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.085

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLouie, Jimmy Chun Yu-
dc.contributor.authorGwynn, Josephine-
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Nicole-
dc.contributor.authorCochrane, Janine-
dc.contributor.authorWiggers, John-
dc.contributor.authorFlood, Victoria-
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-19T03:36:44Z-
dc.date.available2016-01-19T03:36:44Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationNutrition, 2012, v. 28, n. 7-8, p. e14-e22-
dc.identifier.issn0899-9007-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/222646-
dc.description.abstractObjective: This study aimed to estimate the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous rural children and identify the main foods contributing to their GI and GL. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of food intake of 215 children (38.1% were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders) 10 to 12 y old obtained by three 24-h recalls was conducted. The foods were ranked according to their total contribution to total carbohydrates, GI, and GL. Results: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander participants had a significantly higher dietary GL (155.8 ± 46.8 versus 135.4 ± 31.2, P < 0.001) and GI (58.3 ± 3.9 versus 56.9 ± 3.8, P = 0.008) than the non-Indigenous participants. White breads were the main contributors of GI and GL in both groups and were a main driver for the increasing GI. Fiber was not associated with GI, whereas sugar and starch were positively associated. Subjects with a higher GI tended to be less physically active. Conclusion: The quality of carbohydrates in the diets of the participants was low, with poorer dietary items contributing most of the GI and GL. Substituting white breads with low/lower GI alternatives may be a useful strategy. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofNutrition-
dc.subjectGlycemic load-
dc.subjectGlycemic index-
dc.subjectDietary glycemic index-
dc.subjectAboriginal and torres strait islander-
dc.subjectIndigenous australian-
dc.titleDietary glycemic index and glycemic load among Indigenous and non-Indigenous children aged 10-12 years-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.nut.2011.12.007-
dc.identifier.pmid22484006-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84862207074-
dc.identifier.volume28-
dc.identifier.issue7-8-
dc.identifier.spagee14-
dc.identifier.epagee22-
dc.identifier.eissn1873-1244-

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