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Article: Molecular Characterization of the Fecal Microbiota in Patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis - A Longitudinal Study

TitleMolecular Characterization of the Fecal Microbiota in Patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis - A Longitudinal Study
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherPublic Library of Science. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.plosone.org/home.action
Citation
PLOS One, 2013, v. 8 n. 4, p. e62885 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND: The human gut microbiota has profound influence on host metabolism and immunity. This study characterized the fecal microbiota in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The relationship between microbiota changes and changes in hepatic steatosis was also studied. METHODS: Fecal microbiota of histology-proven NASH patients and healthy controls was analyzed by 16S ribosomal RNA pyrosequencing. NASH patients were from a previously reported randomized trial on probiotic treatment. Proton-magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed to monitor changes in intrahepatic triglyceride content (IHTG). RESULTS: A total of 420,344 16S sequences with acceptable quality were obtained from 16 NASH patients and 22 controls. NASH patients had lower fecal abundance of Faecalibacterium and Anaerosporobacter but higher abundance of Parabacteroides and Allisonella. Partial least-square discriminant analysis yielded a model of 10 genera that discriminated NASH patients from controls. At month 6, 6 of 7 patients in the probiotic group and 4 of 9 patients in the usual care group had improvement in IHTG (P=0.15). Improvement in IHTG was associated with a reduction in the abundance of Firmicutes (R(2)=0.4820, P=0.0028) and increase in Bacteroidetes (R(2)=0.4366, P=0.0053). This was accompanied by corresponding changes at the class, order and genus levels. In contrast, bacterial biodiversity did not differ between NASH patients and controls, and did not change with probiotic treatment. CONCLUSIONS: NASH patients have fecal dysbiosis, and changes in microbiota correlate with improvement in hepatic steatosis. Further studies are required to investigate the mechanism underlying the interaction between gut microbes and the liver.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221829
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.057
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.395
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, VWS-
dc.contributor.authorTse, CH-
dc.contributor.authorLam, TY-
dc.contributor.authorWong, GLH-
dc.contributor.authorChim, AML-
dc.contributor.authorChu, WCW-
dc.contributor.authorYeung, DKW-
dc.contributor.authorLaw, PTW-
dc.contributor.authorKwan, HS-
dc.contributor.authorYu, J-
dc.contributor.authorSung, JJY-
dc.contributor.authorChan, HLY-
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-10T04:22:00Z-
dc.date.available2015-12-10T04:22:00Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationPLOS One, 2013, v. 8 n. 4, p. e62885-
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221829-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: The human gut microbiota has profound influence on host metabolism and immunity. This study characterized the fecal microbiota in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The relationship between microbiota changes and changes in hepatic steatosis was also studied. METHODS: Fecal microbiota of histology-proven NASH patients and healthy controls was analyzed by 16S ribosomal RNA pyrosequencing. NASH patients were from a previously reported randomized trial on probiotic treatment. Proton-magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed to monitor changes in intrahepatic triglyceride content (IHTG). RESULTS: A total of 420,344 16S sequences with acceptable quality were obtained from 16 NASH patients and 22 controls. NASH patients had lower fecal abundance of Faecalibacterium and Anaerosporobacter but higher abundance of Parabacteroides and Allisonella. Partial least-square discriminant analysis yielded a model of 10 genera that discriminated NASH patients from controls. At month 6, 6 of 7 patients in the probiotic group and 4 of 9 patients in the usual care group had improvement in IHTG (P=0.15). Improvement in IHTG was associated with a reduction in the abundance of Firmicutes (R(2)=0.4820, P=0.0028) and increase in Bacteroidetes (R(2)=0.4366, P=0.0053). This was accompanied by corresponding changes at the class, order and genus levels. In contrast, bacterial biodiversity did not differ between NASH patients and controls, and did not change with probiotic treatment. CONCLUSIONS: NASH patients have fecal dysbiosis, and changes in microbiota correlate with improvement in hepatic steatosis. Further studies are required to investigate the mechanism underlying the interaction between gut microbes and the liver.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.plosone.org/home.action-
dc.relation.ispartofPLOS One-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleMolecular Characterization of the Fecal Microbiota in Patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis - A Longitudinal Study-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLam, TY: ttylam@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLam, TY=rp01733-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0062885-
dc.identifier.pmid23638162-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3636208-
dc.identifier.volume8-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spagee62885-
dc.identifier.epagee62885-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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