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postgraduate thesis: Interventions in live poultry markets for the control of avian influenza

TitleInterventions in live poultry markets for the control of avian influenza
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Offeddu, V.. (2015). Interventions in live poultry markets for the control of avian influenza. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5662725
AbstractBackground Live poultry markets (LPMs) pose a threat to public health by promoting the amplification and dissemination of avian influenza viruses (AIVs), thus providing the ideal setting for zoonotic influenza transmission to humans. Objective This project aims at evaluating the available literature investigating the impact of different interventions implemented in LPMs to control the emergence and dissemination of zoonotic influenza strains. Methods 16 papers were identified through a literature search in the PubMed, MEDLINE and Web of Science databases. Relevant findings were extracted and critically evaluated. Results Collectively, the data suggest a significant impact of temporary LPMclosure, overnight-depopulation of the market and periodic rest days on reducing (i) AIV-isolation rates in LPMs and (ii) influenza incidence in humans. The findings indicate the poultry’s length of stay in the market as a crucial control point to interrupt the AIV-replication cycle within LPMs. Conclusions The evidence from this review endorses permanent LPM-closure as a long-term objective, although its economic and socio-political implications favour less drastic interventions, e.g. weekly rest days, for implementation in the short-term, warranting further investigation.
DegreeMaster of Public Health
SubjectAvian influenza - Prevention
Dept/ProgramPublic Health
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221795
HKU Library Item IDb5662725

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorOffeddu, Vittoria-
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-09T00:21:23Z-
dc.date.available2015-12-09T00:21:23Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationOffeddu, V.. (2015). Interventions in live poultry markets for the control of avian influenza. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5662725-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221795-
dc.description.abstractBackground Live poultry markets (LPMs) pose a threat to public health by promoting the amplification and dissemination of avian influenza viruses (AIVs), thus providing the ideal setting for zoonotic influenza transmission to humans. Objective This project aims at evaluating the available literature investigating the impact of different interventions implemented in LPMs to control the emergence and dissemination of zoonotic influenza strains. Methods 16 papers were identified through a literature search in the PubMed, MEDLINE and Web of Science databases. Relevant findings were extracted and critically evaluated. Results Collectively, the data suggest a significant impact of temporary LPMclosure, overnight-depopulation of the market and periodic rest days on reducing (i) AIV-isolation rates in LPMs and (ii) influenza incidence in humans. The findings indicate the poultry’s length of stay in the market as a crucial control point to interrupt the AIV-replication cycle within LPMs. Conclusions The evidence from this review endorses permanent LPM-closure as a long-term objective, although its economic and socio-political implications favour less drastic interventions, e.g. weekly rest days, for implementation in the short-term, warranting further investigation.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution-NonCommerical 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshAvian influenza - Prevention-
dc.titleInterventions in live poultry markets for the control of avian influenza-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5662725-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Public Health-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePublic Health-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

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