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Article: Statistical learning in emerging Lexicons: The case of Danish

TitleStatistical learning in emerging Lexicons: The case of Danish
Authors
KeywordsStatistical learning
Danish
Late talkers
Vocabulary development
Phonological neighborhood density
Issue Date2012
Citation
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2012, v. 55, n. 5, p. 1265-1273 How to Cite?
AbstractPurpose: This research explored the impact of neighborhood density (ND), word frequency (WF), and word length (WL) on the vocabulary size of Danish-speaking children. Given the particular phonological properties of Danish, the impact was expected to differ from that reported in studies on English and French. Method: The monosyllabic words in the expressive lexicons of 894 Danish-speaking 2-year-old children were coded for ND, WF, and WL. Lexicons were extracted from parent checklists of the words spoken by their children. Results: Regression revealed that ND, WF, WL, and age together predicted 47% of the variance in vocabulary size, with ND, WF, WL, and age uniquely accounting for 39%, 3.2%, 2.2%, and 2.8% of that variance, respectively. Children with small vocabularies had learned words that were denser and more frequent in the ambient language, and those words were shorter than the words of children with larger vocabularies. Conclusion: The 2 main findings were unexpected. The impact of ND for Danish-speaking children was not expected given the phonological properties of the language. The WF results differed from those of English because of the distribution of word classes on the language-relevant parent checklists. The strong role for ND in emerging languages found in other languages was replicated for Danish. © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221439
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 1.526
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.970

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorStokes, Stephanie F.-
dc.contributor.authorBleses, Dorthe-
dc.contributor.authorBasbøll, Hans-
dc.contributor.authorLambertsen, Claus-
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-19T03:36:59Z-
dc.date.available2015-11-19T03:36:59Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2012, v. 55, n. 5, p. 1265-1273-
dc.identifier.issn1092-4388-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221439-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: This research explored the impact of neighborhood density (ND), word frequency (WF), and word length (WL) on the vocabulary size of Danish-speaking children. Given the particular phonological properties of Danish, the impact was expected to differ from that reported in studies on English and French. Method: The monosyllabic words in the expressive lexicons of 894 Danish-speaking 2-year-old children were coded for ND, WF, and WL. Lexicons were extracted from parent checklists of the words spoken by their children. Results: Regression revealed that ND, WF, WL, and age together predicted 47% of the variance in vocabulary size, with ND, WF, WL, and age uniquely accounting for 39%, 3.2%, 2.2%, and 2.8% of that variance, respectively. Children with small vocabularies had learned words that were denser and more frequent in the ambient language, and those words were shorter than the words of children with larger vocabularies. Conclusion: The 2 main findings were unexpected. The impact of ND for Danish-speaking children was not expected given the phonological properties of the language. The WF results differed from those of English because of the distribution of word classes on the language-relevant parent checklists. The strong role for ND in emerging languages found in other languages was replicated for Danish. © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research-
dc.subjectStatistical learning-
dc.subjectDanish-
dc.subjectLate talkers-
dc.subjectVocabulary development-
dc.subjectPhonological neighborhood density-
dc.titleStatistical learning in emerging Lexicons: The case of Danish-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1044/1092-4388(2012/10-0291)-
dc.identifier.pmid22337494-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84867068158-
dc.identifier.volume55-
dc.identifier.issue5-
dc.identifier.spage1265-
dc.identifier.epage1273-

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