File Download
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Robust laser sources for ultrafast imaging systems

TitleRobust laser sources for ultrafast imaging systems
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Wei, X. [韦小明]. (2015). Robust laser sources for ultrafast imaging systems. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5610974
AbstractOptical imaging has not unleashed its full potential for a better temporal resolution, which is in great demand for the studies of high-speed dynamical phenomena. Traditional imagers incorporated with CCD/CMOS electronic sensors are fundamentally limited by their on-chip storage and readout speed. Time-stretch imaging, on the other hand, has been proved to be a promising imaging modality for high throughput screening and transient dynamics observation. However, it has suffered greatly from the noise issue of those commonly-used laser sources, thus the averaging has been usually performed to suppress the noise. More importantly, the time-stretch imaging has been mostly demonstrated in microscopy for lateral information visualization, while its tomography and spectroscopy modalities for axial and chemical information, respectively, have been rarely studied yet. In this regard, this thesis is to explore robust laser sources to extend the capacity of those ultrafast imaging systems. In brief, it includes: 1) actively-stabilized supercontinuum (SC) laser source, and the comparison with spectral-broadening-free source for ultrafast flow imaging; 2) 10’s-MHz swept sources for ultrafast axial imaging; 3) dual-color sources and nonlinear dynamic investigation; 4) broadband fiber parametric optical amplifier for sensitivity and bandwidth enhancements. 1) SC source has been usually employed to conduct the time-stretch imaging. The SC generation, unfortunately, is a noise-initiated process, which delivers strongly-fluctuated time-stretch signal. Here, we introduce a narrow-linewidth CW source to stimulate the spectral broadening in SC generation. We analyze the linewidth influence of CW source on the SC stability and coherence. We then propose a compact additive-pulse mode-locked (APM) fiber laser for the comparison purpose at the bio-favorable window. 2) Regarding the time-stretch imaging has been largely demonstrated in lateral microscopy, we propose a breathing laser as inertia-free swept source (BLISS) for ultrafast axial imaging. In BLISS, time-stretch is employed as an all-optical wavelength-scanner for a 10’s-MHz sweep rate. BLISS is designed with a compact configuration with superior intensity and phase performance. Its bandwidth, particularly, can be tuned from ~10 nm to ~100 nm. It is especially to be applied to time-stretch microscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and phase-sensitive microscopy. 3) Sources mentioned above have been designed for a specific window, while multi-color source is a great demand for those hyperspectral applications. Thus, an all-optically synchronization technique is incorporated to generate dual-color lasers. The capacity of pulse manipulation in between is studied by injecting various optical patterns at a larger wavelength detuning. These nonlinear dynamic behaviors therein inspire us to gain insight into the mystical world of a fiber cavity. Thus we further introduce a nonlinear dynamic platform ― a noise-like mode-locked all-fiber laser, to investigate the stochastic process in broadband fiber lasers. 4) Finally, to strengthen the performances of those described fiber laser sources in ultrafast imaging systems, an all-fiber optical parametric amplifier for life-science (OPALS) at 1.0 m with superior performance outperforming other counterparts is introduced. As a unique feature of OPALS, it can coherently generate a synchronized signal replica, which can be exploited to not only extend the operating bandwidth, but also offer an extra gain.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectImaging systems
Lasers
Dept/ProgramElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221184

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWei, Xiaoming-
dc.contributor.author韦小明-
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-04T23:11:55Z-
dc.date.available2015-11-04T23:11:55Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationWei, X. [韦小明]. (2015). Robust laser sources for ultrafast imaging systems. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5610974-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/221184-
dc.description.abstractOptical imaging has not unleashed its full potential for a better temporal resolution, which is in great demand for the studies of high-speed dynamical phenomena. Traditional imagers incorporated with CCD/CMOS electronic sensors are fundamentally limited by their on-chip storage and readout speed. Time-stretch imaging, on the other hand, has been proved to be a promising imaging modality for high throughput screening and transient dynamics observation. However, it has suffered greatly from the noise issue of those commonly-used laser sources, thus the averaging has been usually performed to suppress the noise. More importantly, the time-stretch imaging has been mostly demonstrated in microscopy for lateral information visualization, while its tomography and spectroscopy modalities for axial and chemical information, respectively, have been rarely studied yet. In this regard, this thesis is to explore robust laser sources to extend the capacity of those ultrafast imaging systems. In brief, it includes: 1) actively-stabilized supercontinuum (SC) laser source, and the comparison with spectral-broadening-free source for ultrafast flow imaging; 2) 10’s-MHz swept sources for ultrafast axial imaging; 3) dual-color sources and nonlinear dynamic investigation; 4) broadband fiber parametric optical amplifier for sensitivity and bandwidth enhancements. 1) SC source has been usually employed to conduct the time-stretch imaging. The SC generation, unfortunately, is a noise-initiated process, which delivers strongly-fluctuated time-stretch signal. Here, we introduce a narrow-linewidth CW source to stimulate the spectral broadening in SC generation. We analyze the linewidth influence of CW source on the SC stability and coherence. We then propose a compact additive-pulse mode-locked (APM) fiber laser for the comparison purpose at the bio-favorable window. 2) Regarding the time-stretch imaging has been largely demonstrated in lateral microscopy, we propose a breathing laser as inertia-free swept source (BLISS) for ultrafast axial imaging. In BLISS, time-stretch is employed as an all-optical wavelength-scanner for a 10’s-MHz sweep rate. BLISS is designed with a compact configuration with superior intensity and phase performance. Its bandwidth, particularly, can be tuned from ~10 nm to ~100 nm. It is especially to be applied to time-stretch microscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and phase-sensitive microscopy. 3) Sources mentioned above have been designed for a specific window, while multi-color source is a great demand for those hyperspectral applications. Thus, an all-optically synchronization technique is incorporated to generate dual-color lasers. The capacity of pulse manipulation in between is studied by injecting various optical patterns at a larger wavelength detuning. These nonlinear dynamic behaviors therein inspire us to gain insight into the mystical world of a fiber cavity. Thus we further introduce a nonlinear dynamic platform ― a noise-like mode-locked all-fiber laser, to investigate the stochastic process in broadband fiber lasers. 4) Finally, to strengthen the performances of those described fiber laser sources in ultrafast imaging systems, an all-fiber optical parametric amplifier for life-science (OPALS) at 1.0 m with superior performance outperforming other counterparts is introduced. As a unique feature of OPALS, it can coherently generate a synchronized signal replica, which can be exploited to not only extend the operating bandwidth, but also offer an extra gain.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshImaging systems-
dc.subject.lcshLasers-
dc.titleRobust laser sources for ultrafast imaging systems-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5610974-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineElectrical and Electronic Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats