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Article: Isolated dorsal root ganglion neurones inhibit receptor-dependent adenylyl cyclase activity in associated glial cells

TitleIsolated dorsal root ganglion neurones inhibit receptor-dependent adenylyl cyclase activity in associated glial cells
Authors
Issue Date2013
Citation
British Journal of Pharmacology, 2013, v. 168, p. 746-760 How to Cite?
AbstractBACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hyper-nociceptive PGE(2) EP(4) receptors and prostacyclin (IP) receptors are present in adult rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurones and glial cells in culture. The present study has investigated the cell-specific expression of two other G(s) -protein coupled hyper-nociceptive receptor systems: β-adrenoceptors and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptors in isolated DRG cells and has examined the influence of neurone-glial cell interactions in regulating adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Agonist-stimulated AC activity was determined in mixed DRG cell cultures from adult rats and compared with activity in DRG neurone-enriched cell cultures and pure DRG glial cell cultures. KEY RESULTS: Pharmacological analysis showed the presence of G(s) -coupled β(2) -adrenoceptors and CGRP receptors, but not β(1) -adrenoceptors, in all three DRG cell preparations. Agonist-stimulated AC activity was weakest in DRG neurone-enriched cell cultures. DRG neurones inhibited IP receptor-stimulated glial cell AC activity by a process dependent on both cell-cell contact and neurone-derived soluble factors, but this is unlikely to involve purine or glutamine receptor activation. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: G(s) -coupled hyper-nociceptive receptors are readily expressed on DRG glial cells in isolated cell cultures and the activity of CGRP, EP(4) and IP receptors, but not β(2) -adrenoceptors, in glial cells is inhibited by DRG neurones. Studies using isolated DRG cells should be aware that hyper-nociceptive ligands may stimulate receptors on glial cells in addition to neurones, and that variable numbers of neurones and glial cells will influence absolute measures of AC activity and affect downstream functional responses.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/220591
PubMed Central ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorNg, KY-
dc.contributor.authorYeung, BH-
dc.contributor.authorWong, YH-
dc.contributor.authorWise, H-
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-16T06:46:31Z-
dc.date.available2015-10-16T06:46:31Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Pharmacology, 2013, v. 168, p. 746-760-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/220591-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hyper-nociceptive PGE(2) EP(4) receptors and prostacyclin (IP) receptors are present in adult rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurones and glial cells in culture. The present study has investigated the cell-specific expression of two other G(s) -protein coupled hyper-nociceptive receptor systems: β-adrenoceptors and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptors in isolated DRG cells and has examined the influence of neurone-glial cell interactions in regulating adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Agonist-stimulated AC activity was determined in mixed DRG cell cultures from adult rats and compared with activity in DRG neurone-enriched cell cultures and pure DRG glial cell cultures. KEY RESULTS: Pharmacological analysis showed the presence of G(s) -coupled β(2) -adrenoceptors and CGRP receptors, but not β(1) -adrenoceptors, in all three DRG cell preparations. Agonist-stimulated AC activity was weakest in DRG neurone-enriched cell cultures. DRG neurones inhibited IP receptor-stimulated glial cell AC activity by a process dependent on both cell-cell contact and neurone-derived soluble factors, but this is unlikely to involve purine or glutamine receptor activation. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: G(s) -coupled hyper-nociceptive receptors are readily expressed on DRG glial cells in isolated cell cultures and the activity of CGRP, EP(4) and IP receptors, but not β(2) -adrenoceptors, in glial cells is inhibited by DRG neurones. Studies using isolated DRG cells should be aware that hyper-nociceptive ligands may stimulate receptors on glial cells in addition to neurones, and that variable numbers of neurones and glial cells will influence absolute measures of AC activity and affect downstream functional responses.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofBritish Journal of Pharmacology-
dc.titleIsolated dorsal root ganglion neurones inhibit receptor-dependent adenylyl cyclase activity in associated glial cells-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1476-5381.2012.02177.x-
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3579292-
dc.identifier.hkuros252467-
dc.identifier.volume168-
dc.identifier.spage746-
dc.identifier.epage760-

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