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Article: A structurally and functionally biomimetic biphasic scaffold for intervertebral disc tissue engineering.

TitleA structurally and functionally biomimetic biphasic scaffold for intervertebral disc tissue engineering.
Authors
Issue Date2015
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2015, v. 10 n. 6. p. e0131827 How to Cite?
AbstractTissue engineering offers high hopes for the treatment of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration. Whereas scaffolds of the disc nucleus and annulus have been extensively studied, a truly biomimetic and mechanically functional biphasic scaffold using naturally occurring extracellular matrix is yet to be developed. Here, a biphasic scaffold was fabricated with collagen and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), two of the most abundant extracellular matrix components in the IVD. Following fabrication, the scaffold was characterized and benchmarked against native disc. The biphasic scaffold was composed of a collagen-GAG co-precipitate making up the nucleus pulposus-like core, and this was encapsulated in multiple lamellae of photochemically crosslinked collagen membranes comprising the annulus fibrosus-like lamellae. On mechanical testing, the height of our engineered disc recovered by similar to 82-89% in an annulus-independent manner, when compared with the 99% recovery exhibited by native disc. The annulus-independent nature of disc height recovery suggests that the fluid replacement function of the engineered nucleus pulposus core might mimic this hitherto unique feature of native disc. Biphasic scaffolds comprised of 10 annulus fibrosus-like lamellae had the best overall mechanical performance among the various designs owing to their similarity to native disc in most aspects, including elastic compliance during creep and recovery, and viscous compliance during recovery. However, the dynamic mechanical performance (including dynamic stiffness and damping factor) of all the biphasic scaffolds was similar to that of the native discs. This study contributes to the rationalized design and development of a biomimetic and mechanically viable biphasic scaffold for IVD tissue engineering.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/217108
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChoy, THA-
dc.contributor.authorChan, BP-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-18T05:48:18Z-
dc.date.available2015-09-18T05:48:18Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationPLoS ONE, 2015, v. 10 n. 6. p. e0131827-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/217108-
dc.description.abstractTissue engineering offers high hopes for the treatment of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration. Whereas scaffolds of the disc nucleus and annulus have been extensively studied, a truly biomimetic and mechanically functional biphasic scaffold using naturally occurring extracellular matrix is yet to be developed. Here, a biphasic scaffold was fabricated with collagen and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), two of the most abundant extracellular matrix components in the IVD. Following fabrication, the scaffold was characterized and benchmarked against native disc. The biphasic scaffold was composed of a collagen-GAG co-precipitate making up the nucleus pulposus-like core, and this was encapsulated in multiple lamellae of photochemically crosslinked collagen membranes comprising the annulus fibrosus-like lamellae. On mechanical testing, the height of our engineered disc recovered by similar to 82-89% in an annulus-independent manner, when compared with the 99% recovery exhibited by native disc. The annulus-independent nature of disc height recovery suggests that the fluid replacement function of the engineered nucleus pulposus core might mimic this hitherto unique feature of native disc. Biphasic scaffolds comprised of 10 annulus fibrosus-like lamellae had the best overall mechanical performance among the various designs owing to their similarity to native disc in most aspects, including elastic compliance during creep and recovery, and viscous compliance during recovery. However, the dynamic mechanical performance (including dynamic stiffness and damping factor) of all the biphasic scaffolds was similar to that of the native discs. This study contributes to the rationalized design and development of a biomimetic and mechanically viable biphasic scaffold for IVD tissue engineering.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS ONE-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleA structurally and functionally biomimetic biphasic scaffold for intervertebral disc tissue engineering.-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailChoy, THA: thachoy@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, BP: bpchan@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, BP=rp00087-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0131827-
dc.identifier.pmid26115332-
dc.identifier.hkuros251876-
dc.identifier.volume10-
dc.identifier.issue6-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000358147500183-

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