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Article: Breastfeeding practices and policies in WHO European Region Member States

TitleBreastfeeding practices and policies in WHO European Region Member States
Authors
KeywordsBreastfeeding
Policy
Baby-friendly hospitals
WHO European Member States
Issue Date2015
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PHN
Citation
Public Health Nutrition, 2015, v. 19 n. 4, p. 753-764 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective To provide an update on current practices and policy development status concerning breastfeeding in the WHO European Region. Design National surveys and studies conducted by national health institutions were prioritized. Sub-national data were included where no national data or studies existed. Information on national breastfeeding policies was collected mainly from the WHO Seventh Meeting of Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative Coordinators and European Union projects. Owing to the different data sources and methods, any comparisons between countries must be made with caution. Setting WHO European Member States. Results Data from fifty-three WHO European Member States were investigated; however, a large proportion had not reported any data. Rates of early initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding and continued breastfeeding to 1 year all varied considerably within the WHO European Region. Exclusive breastfeeding rates declined considerably after 4 months, and were low in infants under 6 months and at 6 months of age. The majority of the countries with existing data reported having a national infant and young child feeding policy and the establishment of a national committee on breastfeeding or infant and young child feeding. The majority of the countries with existing data reported having baby-friendly hospitals, although the proportion of baby-friendly hospitals to the total number of national hospitals with maternity units was low in most countries. Conclusions Breastfeeding practices within the WHO European Region, especially exclusive breastfeeding rates, are far from complying with the WHO recommendations. There are marked differences between countries in breastfeeding practices, infant and young child feeding policy adoption and proportion of baby-friendly hospitals.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214749
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.433
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.995

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorBagci Bosi, AT-
dc.contributor.authorEriksen, KG-
dc.contributor.authorSobko, T-
dc.contributor.authorWijnhoven, T-
dc.contributor.authorBreda, J-
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-21T11:54:06Z-
dc.date.available2015-08-21T11:54:06Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationPublic Health Nutrition, 2015, v. 19 n. 4, p. 753-764-
dc.identifier.issn1368-9800-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214749-
dc.description.abstractObjective To provide an update on current practices and policy development status concerning breastfeeding in the WHO European Region. Design National surveys and studies conducted by national health institutions were prioritized. Sub-national data were included where no national data or studies existed. Information on national breastfeeding policies was collected mainly from the WHO Seventh Meeting of Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative Coordinators and European Union projects. Owing to the different data sources and methods, any comparisons between countries must be made with caution. Setting WHO European Member States. Results Data from fifty-three WHO European Member States were investigated; however, a large proportion had not reported any data. Rates of early initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding and continued breastfeeding to 1 year all varied considerably within the WHO European Region. Exclusive breastfeeding rates declined considerably after 4 months, and were low in infants under 6 months and at 6 months of age. The majority of the countries with existing data reported having a national infant and young child feeding policy and the establishment of a national committee on breastfeeding or infant and young child feeding. The majority of the countries with existing data reported having baby-friendly hospitals, although the proportion of baby-friendly hospitals to the total number of national hospitals with maternity units was low in most countries. Conclusions Breastfeeding practices within the WHO European Region, especially exclusive breastfeeding rates, are far from complying with the WHO recommendations. There are marked differences between countries in breastfeeding practices, infant and young child feeding policy adoption and proportion of baby-friendly hospitals.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PHN-
dc.relation.ispartofPublic Health Nutrition-
dc.rightsPublic Health Nutrition. Copyright © Cambridge University Press.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subjectBreastfeeding-
dc.subjectPolicy-
dc.subjectBaby-friendly hospitals-
dc.subjectWHO European Member States-
dc.titleBreastfeeding practices and policies in WHO European Region Member States-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailSobko, T: tsobko@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authoritySobko, T=rp01843-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S1368980015001767-
dc.identifier.pmid26096540-
dc.identifier.hkuros248678-
dc.identifier.volume19-
dc.identifier.issue4-
dc.identifier.spage753-
dc.identifier.epage764-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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