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Conference Paper: Verbal information management in patients with schizophrenia and their healthy siblings

TitleVerbal information management in patients with schizophrenia and their healthy siblings
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://easap.asia/index.htm
Citation
The 2014 Regional Congress of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), Hong Kong, 12-14 December 2014. In East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, 2014, v. 24 n. 4 suppl., p. 38, abstract RS3.7.4 How to Cite?
AbstractLanguage, evolved as human’s primary communication tool, allows us to flexibly manage the amount of information disclosed in communication to deal with complex social situations. Language impairment is a hallmark feature of schizophrenia, which could also be observed to a lesser extent in patients’ unaffected siblings. In this study, we developed a novel method (conversational analysis paradigm [CAP]) to investigate both cooperative and competitive communication performance in terms of verbal information value management among patients with schizophrenia and their unaffected siblings compared with healthy controls, and explored their relationships with clinical and cognitive functions. Two studies were conducted. Study one consisted of a validation study (n = 40) for CAP and a cross-sectional (n = 130) study in investigating verbal information management in schizophrenia and healthy participants. Performance was compared between patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (n = 65) and matched healthy controls (n = 65). Relationships between cognitive functions, clinical features, social competence, and CAP performance were also investigated. In study two, CAP performances were compared among 31 pairs of patients with schizophrenia, their healthy siblings, and 31 matched healthy controls (total n = 93) to examine verbal information management deficits as a trait in siblings. Schizotypal personality trait was also measured to investigate the potential relationship with CAP in siblings and healthy controls. The CAP test demonstrated good inter-rater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.82) and adequate internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha, 0.71-0.72). Patients showed poorer performance in verbal information management under both cooperative and competitive conditions, which were associated with psychotic symptoms and social functioning. Patients’ poorer cooperatively communicating information, but not competitive controlling information, was associated with their cognitive functions. Performance of patients’ healthy siblings was intermediate between patients and healthy controls, especially during competitive communication. Verbal information management skills were correlated with schizotypal personality trait in siblings but not controls. More deviant verbal information management skills under competitive conditions were closely related to impaired immediate social network in patients and siblings. The current study has taken the first attempt to demonstrate an impairment of verbal information transfer in schizophrenia using a newly developed ecological test. Results of this study laid the groundwork for understanding language impairments related to schizophrenia, suggesting verbal information management as a candidate endophenotype of schizophrenia with intervention implications.
DescriptionCongress Theme: Yin and Yang of Mental Health in Asia - Balancing Polarities
Regular Symposium 3.7 – Neurocognitive Dysfunction in Psychosis: no. RS3.7.4
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214250
ISSN
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 0.331

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorXu, JQ-
dc.contributor.authorHui, CLM-
dc.contributor.authorChan, SKW-
dc.contributor.authorChang, WC-
dc.contributor.authorLee, EHM-
dc.contributor.authorLin, JX-
dc.contributor.authorChen, EYH-
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-21T11:02:37Z-
dc.date.available2015-08-21T11:02:37Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationThe 2014 Regional Congress of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), Hong Kong, 12-14 December 2014. In East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, 2014, v. 24 n. 4 suppl., p. 38, abstract RS3.7.4-
dc.identifier.issn2078-9947-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214250-
dc.descriptionCongress Theme: Yin and Yang of Mental Health in Asia - Balancing Polarities-
dc.descriptionRegular Symposium 3.7 – Neurocognitive Dysfunction in Psychosis: no. RS3.7.4-
dc.description.abstractLanguage, evolved as human’s primary communication tool, allows us to flexibly manage the amount of information disclosed in communication to deal with complex social situations. Language impairment is a hallmark feature of schizophrenia, which could also be observed to a lesser extent in patients’ unaffected siblings. In this study, we developed a novel method (conversational analysis paradigm [CAP]) to investigate both cooperative and competitive communication performance in terms of verbal information value management among patients with schizophrenia and their unaffected siblings compared with healthy controls, and explored their relationships with clinical and cognitive functions. Two studies were conducted. Study one consisted of a validation study (n = 40) for CAP and a cross-sectional (n = 130) study in investigating verbal information management in schizophrenia and healthy participants. Performance was compared between patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (n = 65) and matched healthy controls (n = 65). Relationships between cognitive functions, clinical features, social competence, and CAP performance were also investigated. In study two, CAP performances were compared among 31 pairs of patients with schizophrenia, their healthy siblings, and 31 matched healthy controls (total n = 93) to examine verbal information management deficits as a trait in siblings. Schizotypal personality trait was also measured to investigate the potential relationship with CAP in siblings and healthy controls. The CAP test demonstrated good inter-rater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.82) and adequate internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha, 0.71-0.72). Patients showed poorer performance in verbal information management under both cooperative and competitive conditions, which were associated with psychotic symptoms and social functioning. Patients’ poorer cooperatively communicating information, but not competitive controlling information, was associated with their cognitive functions. Performance of patients’ healthy siblings was intermediate between patients and healthy controls, especially during competitive communication. Verbal information management skills were correlated with schizotypal personality trait in siblings but not controls. More deviant verbal information management skills under competitive conditions were closely related to impaired immediate social network in patients and siblings. The current study has taken the first attempt to demonstrate an impairment of verbal information transfer in schizophrenia using a newly developed ecological test. Results of this study laid the groundwork for understanding language impairments related to schizophrenia, suggesting verbal information management as a candidate endophenotype of schizophrenia with intervention implications.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherHong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://easap.asia/index.htm-
dc.relation.ispartofEast Asian Archives of Psychiatry-
dc.relation.ispartof東亞精神科學志-
dc.rightsEast Asian Archives of Psychiatry. Copyright © Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press.-
dc.titleVerbal information management in patients with schizophrenia and their healthy siblings-
dc.typeConference_Paper-
dc.identifier.emailHui, CLM: christyh@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChan, SKW: kwsherry@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChang, WC: changwc@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLee, EHM: edwinlhm@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLin, JX: jxlin@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailChen, EYH: eyhchen@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityHui, CLM=rp01993-
dc.identifier.authorityChan, SKW=rp00539-
dc.identifier.authorityChang, WC=rp01465-
dc.identifier.authorityLee, EHM=rp01575-
dc.identifier.authorityChen, EYH=rp00392-
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.hkuros249118-
dc.identifier.volume24-
dc.identifier.issue4 suppl.-
dc.identifier.spage38, abstract RS3.7.4-
dc.identifier.epage38, abstract RS3.7.4-
dc.publisher.placeHong Kong-

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