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Article: Cue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources

TitleCue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources
Authors
KeywordsStrength model
Self-regulation
Smoking urge
Tobacco
Dual-task procedure
Issue Date2013
Citation
Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2013, v. 46, n. 3, p. 394-400 How to Cite?
AbstractBackground: Exposure to smoking-related cues leads to increased urge to smoke in regular cigarette smokers and resisting these urges requires considerable self-control. Purpose: Adopting a resource depletion model, two studies tested the hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes self-control resources. Methods: Adopting a within-participants randomized cross-over design, participants (study 1, N = 19; study 2, N = 32) were exposed to smoking-related (study 1: smoking images; study 2: cigarette cue-exposure task) and neutral (study 1: neutral images; study 2: drinking-straw task) cues with presentation order randomized. After each cue set, participants completed self-control tasks (study 1: handgrip task; study 2: handgrip and Stroop tasks), performance on which constituted dependent measures of self-control. Results: Self-control task performance was significantly impaired when exposed to smoking-related cues compared to neutral cues. No significant presentation-order effects, or interaction effects between stimulus and presentation order, were found. Conclusions: Findings corroborate our hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes cigarette smokers' self-control resources and suggests that self-control capacity is governed by a limited resource. © 2013 The Society of Behavioral Medicine.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214025
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.195
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 2.112
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHagger, Martin S.-
dc.contributor.authorLeaver, Eamonn-
dc.contributor.authorEsser, Kerstin-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, Chung Ming-
dc.contributor.authorTe Pas, Nina-
dc.contributor.authorKeatley, David A.-
dc.contributor.authorChan, Derwin K C-
dc.contributor.authorChatzisarantis, Nikos L D-
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-19T13:41:34Z-
dc.date.available2015-08-19T13:41:34Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationAnnals of Behavioral Medicine, 2013, v. 46, n. 3, p. 394-400-
dc.identifier.issn0883-6612-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/214025-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Exposure to smoking-related cues leads to increased urge to smoke in regular cigarette smokers and resisting these urges requires considerable self-control. Purpose: Adopting a resource depletion model, two studies tested the hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes self-control resources. Methods: Adopting a within-participants randomized cross-over design, participants (study 1, N = 19; study 2, N = 32) were exposed to smoking-related (study 1: smoking images; study 2: cigarette cue-exposure task) and neutral (study 1: neutral images; study 2: drinking-straw task) cues with presentation order randomized. After each cue set, participants completed self-control tasks (study 1: handgrip task; study 2: handgrip and Stroop tasks), performance on which constituted dependent measures of self-control. Results: Self-control task performance was significantly impaired when exposed to smoking-related cues compared to neutral cues. No significant presentation-order effects, or interaction effects between stimulus and presentation order, were found. Conclusions: Findings corroborate our hypothesis that resisting smoking urges depletes cigarette smokers' self-control resources and suggests that self-control capacity is governed by a limited resource. © 2013 The Society of Behavioral Medicine.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnals of Behavioral Medicine-
dc.subjectStrength model-
dc.subjectSelf-regulation-
dc.subjectSmoking urge-
dc.subjectTobacco-
dc.subjectDual-task procedure-
dc.titleCue-induced smoking urges deplete cigarette smokers' self-control resources-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.natureLink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12160-013-9520-8-
dc.identifier.pmid23720186-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84888199947-
dc.identifier.volume46-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage394-
dc.identifier.epage400-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000326690300016-

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