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Article: Role of multivalent Cu, oxygen vacancies and CuO nanophase in the ferromagnetic properties of ZnO: Cu thin films

TitleRole of multivalent Cu, oxygen vacancies and CuO nanophase in the ferromagnetic properties of ZnO: Cu thin films
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry. The Journal's web site is located at http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/ra#!recentarticles&all
Citation
RSC Advances, 2015, v. 5 n. 69, p. 55648-55657 How to Cite?
AbstractComprehensive microstructural, electronic and magnetic analyses have been carried out on ZnO:Cu thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on c-plane sapphire under different oxygen partial pressures. Detailed X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analyses reveal that increase in oxygen growth pressure degrades the epitaxy of ZnO:Cu thin films due to inclusion of nanosize CuO in the ZnO host lattice. HRTEM and magnetization studies suggest that thin film quality plays a less effective role in governing the magnetic properties of these samples. Instead, room temperature ferromagnetism (FM) of these ZnO:Cu thin film samples are highly tunable by the simultaneous presence of CuO nanophases and multivalent Cu and $V_{O}^{-}$ concentrations, which are in strong contest with each other. For low oxygen partial pressure grown sample, the effective $Cu^{2+}-V_{O}^{-}-Cu^{1+}$ network is the main contributor to the observed FM and is in competition with CuO nanophases only when there is a relatively low $V_{o}^{-}$ concentration with a dominant Cu2+ oxidation state. For vacuum grown samples containing high $V_{O}^{-}$ concentration and Cu1+ as dominant oxidation state, the $Cu^{2+}-V_{O}^{-}-Cu^{1+}$ network becomes less effective and a CuO nanophase (4–5 nm) is the dominent FM supplier. The extrinsic FM in the vacuum grown sample, which is the best epitaxial quality sample, is further confirmed by the zero field cooled (ZFC) and field cooled (FC) magnetization protocols.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211908

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorYOUNAS, M-
dc.contributor.authorShen, JY-
dc.contributor.authorHe, MQ-
dc.contributor.authorLortz, R-
dc.contributor.authorAZAD, F-
dc.contributor.authorAkhtar, MJ-
dc.contributor.authorMaqsood, A-
dc.contributor.authorLing, FCC-
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-21T02:15:38Z-
dc.date.available2015-07-21T02:15:38Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationRSC Advances, 2015, v. 5 n. 69, p. 55648-55657-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211908-
dc.description.abstractComprehensive microstructural, electronic and magnetic analyses have been carried out on ZnO:Cu thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on c-plane sapphire under different oxygen partial pressures. Detailed X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analyses reveal that increase in oxygen growth pressure degrades the epitaxy of ZnO:Cu thin films due to inclusion of nanosize CuO in the ZnO host lattice. HRTEM and magnetization studies suggest that thin film quality plays a less effective role in governing the magnetic properties of these samples. Instead, room temperature ferromagnetism (FM) of these ZnO:Cu thin film samples are highly tunable by the simultaneous presence of CuO nanophases and multivalent Cu and $V_{O}^{-}$ concentrations, which are in strong contest with each other. For low oxygen partial pressure grown sample, the effective $Cu^{2+}-V_{O}^{-}-Cu^{1+}$ network is the main contributor to the observed FM and is in competition with CuO nanophases only when there is a relatively low $V_{o}^{-}$ concentration with a dominant Cu2+ oxidation state. For vacuum grown samples containing high $V_{O}^{-}$ concentration and Cu1+ as dominant oxidation state, the $Cu^{2+}-V_{O}^{-}-Cu^{1+}$ network becomes less effective and a CuO nanophase (4–5 nm) is the dominent FM supplier. The extrinsic FM in the vacuum grown sample, which is the best epitaxial quality sample, is further confirmed by the zero field cooled (ZFC) and field cooled (FC) magnetization protocols.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherRoyal Society of Chemistry. The Journal's web site is located at http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/journalissues/ra#!recentarticles&all-
dc.relation.ispartofRSC Advances-
dc.titleRole of multivalent Cu, oxygen vacancies and CuO nanophase in the ferromagnetic properties of ZnO: Cu thin films-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLing, FCC: ccling@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLing, FCC=rp00747-
dc.identifier.doi10.1039/C5RA09002D-
dc.identifier.hkuros244830-
dc.identifier.volume5-
dc.identifier.spage55648-
dc.identifier.epage55657-
dc.publisher.placeU.K.-

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