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Article: Transient Receptor Potential Channel Opening Releases Endogenous Acetylcholine, which Contributes to Endothelium-Dependent Relaxation Induced by Mild Hypothermia in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat but Not Wistar-Kyoto Rat Arteries

TitleTransient Receptor Potential Channel Opening Releases Endogenous Acetylcholine, which Contributes to Endothelium-Dependent Relaxation Induced by Mild Hypothermia in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat but Not Wistar-Kyoto Rat Arteries
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherAmerican Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. The Journal's web site is located at http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/
Citation
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (online) , 2015, v. 354 n. 2, p. 121-130 How to Cite?
AbstractMild hypothermia causes endothelium-dependent relaxations, which are reduced by the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine. The present study investigated whether endothelial endogenous acetylcholine contributes to these relaxations. Aortic rings of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were contracted with prostaglandin F2α and exposed to progressive mild hypothermia (from 37 to 31°C). Hypothermia induced endothelium-dependent, Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester–sensitive relaxations, which were reduced by atropine, but not by mecamylamine, in SHR but not in WKY rat aortae. The responses in SHR aortae were also reduced by acetylcholinesterase (the enzyme responsible for acetylcholine degradation), bromoacetylcholine (inhibitor of acetylcholine synthesis), hemicholinium-3 (inhibitor of choline uptake), and vesamicol (inhibitor of acetylcholine release). The mild hypothermia-induced relaxations in both SHR and WKY rat aortae were inhibited by AMTB [N-(3-aminopropyl)-2-[(3-methylphenyl)methoxy]-N-(2-thienylmethyl)-benzamide; the transient receptor potential (TRP) M8 inhibitor]; only those in SHR aortae were inhibited by HC-067047 [2-methyl-1-[3-(4-morpholinyl)propyl]-5-phenyl-N-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxamide; TRPV4 antagonist] while those in WKY rat aortae were reduced by HC-030031 [2-(1,3-dimethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-7H-purin-7-yl)-N-(4-isopropylphenyl)acetamide; TRPA1 antagonist]. The endothelial uptake of extracellular choline and release of cyclic guanosine monophosphate was enhanced by mild hypothermia and inhibited by HC-067047 in SHR but not in WKY rat aortae. Compared with WKY rats, the SHR preparations expressed similar levels of acetylcholinesterase and choline acetyltransferase, but a lesser amount of vesicular acetylcholine transporter, located mainly in the endothelium. Thus, mild hypothermia causes nitric oxide–dependent relaxations by opening TRPA1 channels in WKY rat aortae. By contrast, in SHR aortae, TRPV4 channels are opened, resulting in endothelial production of acetylcholine, which, in an autocrine manner, activates muscarinic receptors on neighboring cells to elicit endothelium-dependent relaxations in response to mild hypothermia.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211894

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZou, Q-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, SWS-
dc.contributor.authorVanhoutte, PMGR-
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-21T02:15:16Z-
dc.date.available2015-07-21T02:15:16Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationThe Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (online) , 2015, v. 354 n. 2, p. 121-130-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211894-
dc.description.abstractMild hypothermia causes endothelium-dependent relaxations, which are reduced by the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine. The present study investigated whether endothelial endogenous acetylcholine contributes to these relaxations. Aortic rings of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were contracted with prostaglandin F2α and exposed to progressive mild hypothermia (from 37 to 31°C). Hypothermia induced endothelium-dependent, Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester–sensitive relaxations, which were reduced by atropine, but not by mecamylamine, in SHR but not in WKY rat aortae. The responses in SHR aortae were also reduced by acetylcholinesterase (the enzyme responsible for acetylcholine degradation), bromoacetylcholine (inhibitor of acetylcholine synthesis), hemicholinium-3 (inhibitor of choline uptake), and vesamicol (inhibitor of acetylcholine release). The mild hypothermia-induced relaxations in both SHR and WKY rat aortae were inhibited by AMTB [N-(3-aminopropyl)-2-[(3-methylphenyl)methoxy]-N-(2-thienylmethyl)-benzamide; the transient receptor potential (TRP) M8 inhibitor]; only those in SHR aortae were inhibited by HC-067047 [2-methyl-1-[3-(4-morpholinyl)propyl]-5-phenyl-N-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxamide; TRPV4 antagonist] while those in WKY rat aortae were reduced by HC-030031 [2-(1,3-dimethyl-2,6-dioxo-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-7H-purin-7-yl)-N-(4-isopropylphenyl)acetamide; TRPA1 antagonist]. The endothelial uptake of extracellular choline and release of cyclic guanosine monophosphate was enhanced by mild hypothermia and inhibited by HC-067047 in SHR but not in WKY rat aortae. Compared with WKY rats, the SHR preparations expressed similar levels of acetylcholinesterase and choline acetyltransferase, but a lesser amount of vesicular acetylcholine transporter, located mainly in the endothelium. Thus, mild hypothermia causes nitric oxide–dependent relaxations by opening TRPA1 channels in WKY rat aortae. By contrast, in SHR aortae, TRPV4 channels are opened, resulting in endothelial production of acetylcholine, which, in an autocrine manner, activates muscarinic receptors on neighboring cells to elicit endothelium-dependent relaxations in response to mild hypothermia.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. The Journal's web site is located at http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/-
dc.relation.ispartofThe Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (online)-
dc.titleTransient Receptor Potential Channel Opening Releases Endogenous Acetylcholine, which Contributes to Endothelium-Dependent Relaxation Induced by Mild Hypothermia in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat but Not Wistar-Kyoto Rat Arteries-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailLeung, SWS: swsleung@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailVanhoutte, PMGR: vanhoutt@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, SWS=rp00235-
dc.identifier.authorityVanhoutte, PMGR=rp00238-
dc.identifier.doi10.1124/jpet.115.223693-
dc.identifier.pmid26060231-
dc.identifier.hkuros244684-
dc.identifier.volume354-
dc.identifier.issue2-
dc.identifier.spage121-
dc.identifier.epage130-
dc.identifier.eissn1521-0103-
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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