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Article: Determinants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in Hong Kong

TitleDeterminants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in Hong Kong
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJN
Citation
The British Journal of Nutrition, 2015, v. 114 n. 1, p. 144-151 How to Cite?
AbstractVitamin D plays an important role in skeletal health throughout life. Some studies have hypothesised that vitamin D may reduce the risk of other diseases. Our study aimed to estimate age-specific and sex-specific serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) status and to identify the determinants of serum 25(OH)D status in Hong Kong, a subtropical city in southern China. In 2009-2010, households in Hong Kong were followed up to identify acute respiratory illnesses, and sera from 2694 subjects were collected in three to four different study phases to permit measurement of 25(OH)D levels at different times of the year. A questionnaire survey on diet and lifestyle was conducted among children, with simultaneous serum collection in April and May 2010. The mean of serum 25(OH)D levels in age groups ranged from 39 to 63 nmol/l throughout the year with the mean values in all age groups in spring below 50 nmol/l. Children aged 6-17 years, and girls and women had significantly lower serum 25(OH)D levels than adults, and boys and men, respectively (all P< 0·001). We estimated that serum 25(OH)D levels in Hong Kong followed a lagged pattern relative to climatic season by 5 weeks with lowest observed levels in early spring (March). For children aged 6-17 years, reporting a suntan, having at least 1 servings of fish/week and having at least 1 serving of eggs/week were independently associated with higher serum 25(OH)D levels. Adequate sunlight exposure and increased intake of dietary vitamin D could improve vitamin D status, especially for children and females in the winter and spring.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211641
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.311
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.587

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorXu, C-
dc.contributor.authorPerera, RAPM-
dc.contributor.authorChan, YH-
dc.contributor.authorFang, J-
dc.contributor.authorNg, S-
dc.contributor.authorIp, DKM-
dc.contributor.authorKam, AM-
dc.contributor.authorLeung, GM-
dc.contributor.authorPeiris, JSM-
dc.contributor.authorCowling, BJ-
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-21T02:06:24Z-
dc.date.available2015-07-21T02:06:24Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationThe British Journal of Nutrition, 2015, v. 114 n. 1, p. 144-151-
dc.identifier.issn0007-1145-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211641-
dc.description.abstractVitamin D plays an important role in skeletal health throughout life. Some studies have hypothesised that vitamin D may reduce the risk of other diseases. Our study aimed to estimate age-specific and sex-specific serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) status and to identify the determinants of serum 25(OH)D status in Hong Kong, a subtropical city in southern China. In 2009-2010, households in Hong Kong were followed up to identify acute respiratory illnesses, and sera from 2694 subjects were collected in three to four different study phases to permit measurement of 25(OH)D levels at different times of the year. A questionnaire survey on diet and lifestyle was conducted among children, with simultaneous serum collection in April and May 2010. The mean of serum 25(OH)D levels in age groups ranged from 39 to 63 nmol/l throughout the year with the mean values in all age groups in spring below 50 nmol/l. Children aged 6-17 years, and girls and women had significantly lower serum 25(OH)D levels than adults, and boys and men, respectively (all P< 0·001). We estimated that serum 25(OH)D levels in Hong Kong followed a lagged pattern relative to climatic season by 5 weeks with lowest observed levels in early spring (March). For children aged 6-17 years, reporting a suntan, having at least 1 servings of fish/week and having at least 1 serving of eggs/week were independently associated with higher serum 25(OH)D levels. Adequate sunlight exposure and increased intake of dietary vitamin D could improve vitamin D status, especially for children and females in the winter and spring.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherCambridge University Press. The Journal's web site is located at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BJN-
dc.relation.ispartofThe British Journal of Nutrition-
dc.rightsThe British Journal of Nutrition. Copyright © Cambridge University Press.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleDeterminants of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in Hong Kong-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.emailXu, C: xuceline@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailPerera, RAPM: mahenp@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailFang, J: vickyf@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailIp, DKM: dkmip@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailLeung, GM: gmleung@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailPeiris, JSM: malik@hkucc.hku.hk-
dc.identifier.emailCowling, BJ: bcowling@hku.hk-
dc.identifier.authorityIp, DKM=rp00256-
dc.identifier.authorityLeung, GM=rp00460-
dc.identifier.authorityPeiris, JSM=rp00410-
dc.identifier.authorityCowling, BJ=rp01326-
dc.description.naturepostprint-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0007114515001683-
dc.identifier.pmid26051634-
dc.identifier.hkuros245571-
dc.identifier.volume114-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage144-
dc.identifier.epage151-
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom-

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