File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Anti-inflammatory mechanisms of compound C from gastrodia and uncaria decoction, a commonly used post-stroke decoction

TitleAnti-inflammatory mechanisms of compound C from gastrodia and uncaria decoction, a commonly used post-stroke decoction
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Luo, D. [骆丹]. (2012). Anti-inflammatory mechanisms of compound C from gastrodia and uncaria decoction, a commonly used post-stroke decoction. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4807972
AbstractIschemic stroke is a leading cause of death and long-term disability in the world. Although many pathological aspects of mechanisms are considered to be involved in the stroke, accumulating evidences implicated that inflammation accounts for its progression and complications. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and nitric oxide are considered as key mediators produced by cells like microglia in the pathogenesis of the disease. Therefore, the development of therapies targeting at the suppression of nitric oxide and TNF-α productions may ameliorate the severity of ischemic stroke. Gastrodia and Uncaria Decoction (GUD) is a traditional herbal decoction that is commonly used in the therapy of post-ischemic stroke in China. Although it shows great efficacy in clinical treatment, few studies have been conducted to investigate the mechanisms of action of GUD. Furthermore, GUD contains a complex mixture of constituents and the effects of these compounds are unknown. In this study, individual herbs from GUD were extracted and the bioactive fractions were further separated using liquid-liquid partition, silica gel chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The inhibitory effect of the extracts on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide production in BV-2 microglial cells was utilized as the biological marker for the screening. After several rounds of purification, a purified bioactive compound was isolated. After spectroscopic analysis by nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, the compound was identified as genipin (1R,4aS,5,7aS-tetrahydro-1-hydroxy-7-(hydroxymethyl)-cyclopenta[c]pyran-4-carboxylic acid, methyl ester). Mechanisms of the suppressive action on signaling pathways were investigated in the LPS-activated BV-2 cells. Our results demonstrated that genipin can dose-dependently inhibit LPS-stimulated nitric oxide overproduction. It can also suppress mRNA levels and protein expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and TNF-αupon LPS-induction. In addition, the phosphorylations of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (Akt) were suppressed. In contrast, the phosphorylations of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 and degradation of inhibitory κB-α (IκB-α) were not affected by genipin. Finally, genipin protected murine Neuro-2a neuroblast against neurotoxicity stimulated by the conditioned media transferred from LPS-challenged BV-2 cells. In conclusion, the anti-inflammatory effects of genipin are via the modulation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Genipin and its synthetic analogues may have great potential for developing into new drugs in treating ischemic stroke. In addition, genipin can be used as the chemical marker to standardize the extract of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver as anti-inflammatory agents for treating inflammatory conditions associated with ischemic stroke.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectCerebrovascular disease - Treatment
Gastrodia - Therapautic use
Uncaria - Therapautic use
Dept/ProgramPaediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211556

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLuo, Dan-
dc.contributor.author骆丹-
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-17T23:11:07Z-
dc.date.available2015-07-17T23:11:07Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationLuo, D. [骆丹]. (2012). Anti-inflammatory mechanisms of compound C from gastrodia and uncaria decoction, a commonly used post-stroke decoction. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4807972-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/211556-
dc.description.abstractIschemic stroke is a leading cause of death and long-term disability in the world. Although many pathological aspects of mechanisms are considered to be involved in the stroke, accumulating evidences implicated that inflammation accounts for its progression and complications. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and nitric oxide are considered as key mediators produced by cells like microglia in the pathogenesis of the disease. Therefore, the development of therapies targeting at the suppression of nitric oxide and TNF-α productions may ameliorate the severity of ischemic stroke. Gastrodia and Uncaria Decoction (GUD) is a traditional herbal decoction that is commonly used in the therapy of post-ischemic stroke in China. Although it shows great efficacy in clinical treatment, few studies have been conducted to investigate the mechanisms of action of GUD. Furthermore, GUD contains a complex mixture of constituents and the effects of these compounds are unknown. In this study, individual herbs from GUD were extracted and the bioactive fractions were further separated using liquid-liquid partition, silica gel chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The inhibitory effect of the extracts on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide production in BV-2 microglial cells was utilized as the biological marker for the screening. After several rounds of purification, a purified bioactive compound was isolated. After spectroscopic analysis by nuclear magnetic resonance and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, the compound was identified as genipin (1R,4aS,5,7aS-tetrahydro-1-hydroxy-7-(hydroxymethyl)-cyclopenta[c]pyran-4-carboxylic acid, methyl ester). Mechanisms of the suppressive action on signaling pathways were investigated in the LPS-activated BV-2 cells. Our results demonstrated that genipin can dose-dependently inhibit LPS-stimulated nitric oxide overproduction. It can also suppress mRNA levels and protein expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and TNF-αupon LPS-induction. In addition, the phosphorylations of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (Akt) were suppressed. In contrast, the phosphorylations of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 and degradation of inhibitory κB-α (IκB-α) were not affected by genipin. Finally, genipin protected murine Neuro-2a neuroblast against neurotoxicity stimulated by the conditioned media transferred from LPS-challenged BV-2 cells. In conclusion, the anti-inflammatory effects of genipin are via the modulation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Genipin and its synthetic analogues may have great potential for developing into new drugs in treating ischemic stroke. In addition, genipin can be used as the chemical marker to standardize the extract of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver as anti-inflammatory agents for treating inflammatory conditions associated with ischemic stroke.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshCerebrovascular disease - Treatment-
dc.subject.lcshGastrodia - Therapautic use-
dc.subject.lcshUncaria - Therapautic use-
dc.titleAnti-inflammatory mechanisms of compound C from gastrodia and uncaria decoction, a commonly used post-stroke decoction-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4807972-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePaediatrics and Adolescent Medicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4807972-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats