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postgraduate thesis: Characterization of the 5'-flanking region of ACBP3 encoding arabidopsis acyl-coenzyme A binding protein 3

TitleCharacterization of the 5'-flanking region of ACBP3 encoding arabidopsis acyl-coenzyme A binding protein 3
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zheng, S. [鄭舒肖]. (2012). Characterization of the 5'-flanking region of ACBP3 encoding arabidopsis acyl-coenzyme A binding protein 3. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4786948
AbstractArabidopsis thaliana Acyl-CoA-Binding Protein 3, one of six acyl-CoA-binding proteins, is unique by the C-terminal location of its acyl-CoA-binding (ACB) domain. It promotes autophagy (ATG)-mediated leaf senescence and confers resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000. To understand the regulation of ACBP3, a 1.7 kb 5’-flanking region of ACBP3 and its deletion derivatives were characterized using β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene fusions. A 374 bp minimal fragment (-151/+223) could drive GUS expression while a 1698 bp fragment (-1475/+223) conferred maximal activity. Further, histochemical GUS staining analysis on transgenic Arabidopsis harboring the largest (1698 bp) ACBP3pro::GUS fusion displayed ubiquitous expression in floral organs and vascular bundles of leaves and stems, consistent with previous results that extracellularly localized ACBP3 functions in plant defense. A 160 bp region (-434/-274) induced GUS expression in extended darkness and conferred down-regulation in extended light. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and DNase I footprinting assay showed that the DNA binding with one finger box (Dof-box, -341/-338) interacted specifically with leaf nuclear proteins from dark-treated Arabidopsis while GT-1 (-406/-401) binds both dark- and light-treated Arabidopsis, suggesting that Dof and GT-1 motifs are required to mediate circadian regulation of ACBP3. Moreover, GUS staining and fluorometric measurements revealed that a 109 bp region (-543/-434) was responsive to phytohormones and pathogens. Within this 109 bp region, an S-box of AT-rich sequence (-516/-512) was identified to bind nuclear proteins from pathogen-infected Arabidopsis leaves, providing the basis for pathogen-inducible regulation of ACBP3 expression. Hence, three cis-responsive elements (Dof, GT-1 and S-box) in the 5’-flanking region of ACBP3 were demonstrated to participate in the regulation of ACBP3. The regulation of ACBP3 by circadian control is not surprising given that defense genes are now known to be circadian-regulated; infection being anticipated at dawn coinciding with pathogen activity in spore dispersal during the light period.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectArabidopsis thaliana - Genetics
Carrier proteins
Protein binding
Dept/ProgramBiological Sciences
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/209620

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZheng, Shuxiao-
dc.contributor.author鄭舒肖-
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-08T23:12:56Z-
dc.date.available2015-05-08T23:12:56Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationZheng, S. [鄭舒肖]. (2012). Characterization of the 5'-flanking region of ACBP3 encoding arabidopsis acyl-coenzyme A binding protein 3. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b4786948-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/209620-
dc.description.abstractArabidopsis thaliana Acyl-CoA-Binding Protein 3, one of six acyl-CoA-binding proteins, is unique by the C-terminal location of its acyl-CoA-binding (ACB) domain. It promotes autophagy (ATG)-mediated leaf senescence and confers resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000. To understand the regulation of ACBP3, a 1.7 kb 5’-flanking region of ACBP3 and its deletion derivatives were characterized using β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene fusions. A 374 bp minimal fragment (-151/+223) could drive GUS expression while a 1698 bp fragment (-1475/+223) conferred maximal activity. Further, histochemical GUS staining analysis on transgenic Arabidopsis harboring the largest (1698 bp) ACBP3pro::GUS fusion displayed ubiquitous expression in floral organs and vascular bundles of leaves and stems, consistent with previous results that extracellularly localized ACBP3 functions in plant defense. A 160 bp region (-434/-274) induced GUS expression in extended darkness and conferred down-regulation in extended light. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and DNase I footprinting assay showed that the DNA binding with one finger box (Dof-box, -341/-338) interacted specifically with leaf nuclear proteins from dark-treated Arabidopsis while GT-1 (-406/-401) binds both dark- and light-treated Arabidopsis, suggesting that Dof and GT-1 motifs are required to mediate circadian regulation of ACBP3. Moreover, GUS staining and fluorometric measurements revealed that a 109 bp region (-543/-434) was responsive to phytohormones and pathogens. Within this 109 bp region, an S-box of AT-rich sequence (-516/-512) was identified to bind nuclear proteins from pathogen-infected Arabidopsis leaves, providing the basis for pathogen-inducible regulation of ACBP3 expression. Hence, three cis-responsive elements (Dof, GT-1 and S-box) in the 5’-flanking region of ACBP3 were demonstrated to participate in the regulation of ACBP3. The regulation of ACBP3 by circadian control is not surprising given that defense genes are now known to be circadian-regulated; infection being anticipated at dawn coinciding with pathogen activity in spore dispersal during the light period.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshArabidopsis thaliana - Genetics-
dc.subject.lcshCarrier proteins-
dc.subject.lcshProtein binding-
dc.titleCharacterization of the 5'-flanking region of ACBP3 encoding arabidopsis acyl-coenzyme A binding protein 3-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb4786948-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineBiological Sciences-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b4786948-
dc.date.hkucongregation2012-

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