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postgraduate thesis: Differential action of bone morphogenetic protein BMP-2 and BMP-7 on nucleus pulposus cells of intervertebral disc

TitleDifferential action of bone morphogenetic protein BMP-2 and BMP-7 on nucleus pulposus cells of intervertebral disc
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhou, L. [周立雄]. (2014). Differential action of bone morphogenetic protein BMP-2 and BMP-7 on nucleus pulposus cells of intervertebral disc. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5435662
AbstractLow back pain (LBP) is associated with intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration and exerts enormous socioeconomic burdens on the society. The nucleus pulposus (NP) is the structural and functional core of the IVD, and plays vital roles in its homeostasis. Although the etiology of IVD degeneration is not fully understood, the cellular changes of the NP have been proposed to be associated with degeneration. Conventional management for IVD degeneration primarily targets to relieve LBP and other symptoms without restoring or preserving disc function. Novel therapeutic strategies have emerged with an aim to retard or even reverse disc degeneration. In particular, the use of growth factors, such as the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP), has received considerable attention due to their anabolic effects on extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis by NP cells. BMP-2 and BMP-7 are of great interest for their involvement in osteogenesis, chondrogenesis, and development and maintenance of the IVD. To date, the benefits of BMP-2 on disc degeneration are controversial, given the inconsistent findings from animal model studies. The effectiveness of BMP-7 in disc repair, however, has been well demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. A better understanding of the differences between BMP-2 and BMP-7 regulatory action on NP cells may facilitate future applications of BMP in disc repair/regeneration. This study hypothesized that BMP-2 and BMP-7 act differentially on human NP cells via different signal transduction processes. The differential effect of BMP-2 and BMP-7 was first tested in bovine NP cells using a three-dimensional culture system (alginate beads). Both BMP-2 and BMP-7 enhanced ECM production and phenotypic characteristics of bovine NP cells. Notably, BMP-7 was significantly more potent than BMP-2 in this regard. The effects of BMPs were further tested on non-degenerated (ND-NP) and degenerated (D-NP) human NP cells. The DMMB assay revealed that BMP-7 exerted a superior up-regulatory action on GAG production of D-NP cells compared to BMP-2. Furthermore, the overall response of D-NP cells to BMP-2 and BMP-7 was significantly lower than ND-NP cells. Immunohistochemical staining and quantitative RT-PCR assays demonstrated that D-NP cells possess a more fibroblastic and less chondrocyte-like phenotype than ND-NP cells. At the mRNA level, the BMP receptor BMPR1A was not expressed in D-NP cells. BMP-7, but not BMP-2, induced expression of BMPR1A in D-NP cells. On the other hand, gene expression of selected TGF-β pathway components and hypoxia pathway components were significantly up-regulated by BMP-2 but down-regulated by BMP-7. These findings suggest that D-NP cells can activate differential molecular cascades in response to BMP-2 and BMP-7. In conclusion, this study showed a superior effect of BMP7 in up-regulation of classical BMP signaling components including BMP receptor BMPR1A. The reduced responsiveness of D-NP cells to BMP-2 and BMP-7 stimulation may be related to a different expression pattern of BMP receptors. This study provides insights into the differential regulatory actions of BMP-2 and BMP-7 on human NP cells and facilitates the future application of BMPs in managing disc degeneration.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectIntervertebral disk - Diseases
Bone morphogenetic proteins
Dept/ProgramOrthopaedics and Traumatology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/209509

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Lixiong-
dc.contributor.author周立雄-
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-23T23:10:56Z-
dc.date.available2015-04-23T23:10:56Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationZhou, L. [周立雄]. (2014). Differential action of bone morphogenetic protein BMP-2 and BMP-7 on nucleus pulposus cells of intervertebral disc. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5435662-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/209509-
dc.description.abstractLow back pain (LBP) is associated with intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration and exerts enormous socioeconomic burdens on the society. The nucleus pulposus (NP) is the structural and functional core of the IVD, and plays vital roles in its homeostasis. Although the etiology of IVD degeneration is not fully understood, the cellular changes of the NP have been proposed to be associated with degeneration. Conventional management for IVD degeneration primarily targets to relieve LBP and other symptoms without restoring or preserving disc function. Novel therapeutic strategies have emerged with an aim to retard or even reverse disc degeneration. In particular, the use of growth factors, such as the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP), has received considerable attention due to their anabolic effects on extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis by NP cells. BMP-2 and BMP-7 are of great interest for their involvement in osteogenesis, chondrogenesis, and development and maintenance of the IVD. To date, the benefits of BMP-2 on disc degeneration are controversial, given the inconsistent findings from animal model studies. The effectiveness of BMP-7 in disc repair, however, has been well demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. A better understanding of the differences between BMP-2 and BMP-7 regulatory action on NP cells may facilitate future applications of BMP in disc repair/regeneration. This study hypothesized that BMP-2 and BMP-7 act differentially on human NP cells via different signal transduction processes. The differential effect of BMP-2 and BMP-7 was first tested in bovine NP cells using a three-dimensional culture system (alginate beads). Both BMP-2 and BMP-7 enhanced ECM production and phenotypic characteristics of bovine NP cells. Notably, BMP-7 was significantly more potent than BMP-2 in this regard. The effects of BMPs were further tested on non-degenerated (ND-NP) and degenerated (D-NP) human NP cells. The DMMB assay revealed that BMP-7 exerted a superior up-regulatory action on GAG production of D-NP cells compared to BMP-2. Furthermore, the overall response of D-NP cells to BMP-2 and BMP-7 was significantly lower than ND-NP cells. Immunohistochemical staining and quantitative RT-PCR assays demonstrated that D-NP cells possess a more fibroblastic and less chondrocyte-like phenotype than ND-NP cells. At the mRNA level, the BMP receptor BMPR1A was not expressed in D-NP cells. BMP-7, but not BMP-2, induced expression of BMPR1A in D-NP cells. On the other hand, gene expression of selected TGF-β pathway components and hypoxia pathway components were significantly up-regulated by BMP-2 but down-regulated by BMP-7. These findings suggest that D-NP cells can activate differential molecular cascades in response to BMP-2 and BMP-7. In conclusion, this study showed a superior effect of BMP7 in up-regulation of classical BMP signaling components including BMP receptor BMPR1A. The reduced responsiveness of D-NP cells to BMP-2 and BMP-7 stimulation may be related to a different expression pattern of BMP receptors. This study provides insights into the differential regulatory actions of BMP-2 and BMP-7 on human NP cells and facilitates the future application of BMPs in managing disc degeneration.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshIntervertebral disk - Diseases-
dc.subject.lcshBone morphogenetic proteins-
dc.titleDifferential action of bone morphogenetic protein BMP-2 and BMP-7 on nucleus pulposus cells of intervertebral disc-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5435662-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineOrthopaedics and Traumatology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5435662-

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