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Article: Chromospherically active stars in the radial velocity experiment (rave) survey. I. the catalog

TitleChromospherically active stars in the radial velocity experiment (rave) survey. I. the catalog
Authors
KeywordsBe
stars: emission-line
stars: activity
Issue Date2013
Citation
Astrophysical Journal, 2013, v. 776, n. 2 How to Cite?
AbstractRAVE, the unbiased magnitude limited survey of southern sky stars, contained 456,676 medium-resolution spectra at the time of our analysis. Spectra cover the Ca II infrared triplet (IRT) range, which is a known indicator of chromospheric activity. Our previous work classified all spectra using locally linear embedding. It identified 53,347 cases with a suggested emission component in calcium lines. Here, we use a spectral subtraction technique to measure the properties of this emission. Synthetic templates are replaced by the observed spectra of non-active stars to bypass the difficult computations of non-local thermal equilibrium profiles of the line cores and stellar parameter dependence. We derive both the equivalent width of the excess emission for each calcium line on a 5 Å wide interval and their sum EWIRT for ∼44,000 candidate active dwarf stars with signal-to-noise ratio >20, with no cuts on the basis of the source of their emission flux. From these, ∼14,000 show a detectable chromospheric flux with at least a 2σ confidence level. Our set of active stars vastly enlarges previously known samples. Atmospheric parameters and, in some cases, radial velocities of active stars derived from automatic pipelines suffer from systematic shifts due to their shallower calcium lines. We re-estimate the effective temperature, metallicity, and radial velocities for candidate active stars. The overall distribution of activity levels shows a bimodal shape, with the first peak coinciding with non-active stars and the second with the pre-main-sequence cases. The catalog will be made publicly available with the next RAVE public data releases. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208981
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 5.909
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 3.266

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorŽerjal, M.-
dc.contributor.authorZwitter, Tomaž-
dc.contributor.authorMatijevič, Gal-
dc.contributor.authorStrassmeier, Klaus G.-
dc.contributor.authorBienaymé, Olivier-
dc.contributor.authorBland-Hawthorn, Joss Bland-
dc.contributor.authorBoeche, Corrado-
dc.contributor.authorFreeman, Kenneth C.-
dc.contributor.authorGrebel, Eva K.-
dc.contributor.authorKordopatis, Georges-
dc.contributor.authorMunari, Ulisse-
dc.contributor.authorNavarro, Julio F.-
dc.contributor.authorParker, Quentin A.-
dc.contributor.authorReid, Warren A.-
dc.contributor.authorSeabroke, George M.-
dc.contributor.authorSiviero, Alessandro-
dc.contributor.authorSteinmetz, Matthias-
dc.contributor.authorWyse, Rosemary F G-
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-23T02:02:27Z-
dc.date.available2015-03-23T02:02:27Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationAstrophysical Journal, 2013, v. 776, n. 2-
dc.identifier.issn0004-637X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208981-
dc.description.abstractRAVE, the unbiased magnitude limited survey of southern sky stars, contained 456,676 medium-resolution spectra at the time of our analysis. Spectra cover the Ca II infrared triplet (IRT) range, which is a known indicator of chromospheric activity. Our previous work classified all spectra using locally linear embedding. It identified 53,347 cases with a suggested emission component in calcium lines. Here, we use a spectral subtraction technique to measure the properties of this emission. Synthetic templates are replaced by the observed spectra of non-active stars to bypass the difficult computations of non-local thermal equilibrium profiles of the line cores and stellar parameter dependence. We derive both the equivalent width of the excess emission for each calcium line on a 5 Å wide interval and their sum EWIRT for ∼44,000 candidate active dwarf stars with signal-to-noise ratio >20, with no cuts on the basis of the source of their emission flux. From these, ∼14,000 show a detectable chromospheric flux with at least a 2σ confidence level. Our set of active stars vastly enlarges previously known samples. Atmospheric parameters and, in some cases, radial velocities of active stars derived from automatic pipelines suffer from systematic shifts due to their shallower calcium lines. We re-estimate the effective temperature, metallicity, and radial velocities for candidate active stars. The overall distribution of activity levels shows a bimodal shape, with the first peak coinciding with non-active stars and the second with the pre-main-sequence cases. The catalog will be made publicly available with the next RAVE public data releases. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofAstrophysical Journal-
dc.subjectBe-
dc.subjectstars: emission-line-
dc.subjectstars: activity-
dc.titleChromospherically active stars in the radial velocity experiment (rave) survey. I. the catalog-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/0004-637X/776/2/127-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84886304041-
dc.identifier.volume776-
dc.identifier.issue2-
dc.identifier.eissn1538-4357-

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