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postgraduate thesis: Smoking in patients with type II diabetes mellitus : what do we know and how can we help?

TitleSmoking in patients with type II diabetes mellitus : what do we know and how can we help?
Authors
Issue Date2015
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chau, T. [周天健]. (2015). Smoking in patients with type II diabetes mellitus : what do we know and how can we help?. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5388011
AbstractSmoking causes Type II diabetes (T2DM). However, there were limited research on the needs, concerns and intention of smokers with T2DM about quitting smoking. This study aimed to explore the behaviors and perceptions on smoking and quitting smoking in patients with T2DM. I conducted both qualitative and quantitative studies. The qualitative study involved T2DM patients who were current smokers or ex-smokers, and could communicate in Cantonese. Semi-structured focus group and individual in-depth interviews were conducted. The quantitative study was cross-sectional, using a standardized questionnaire to identify the intention to quit smoking, knowledge regarding the health risks of smoking and their determinants in T2DM smokers who (1) were aged 18 years or above; (2) can communicate in Cantonese; (3) had daily consumption of at least 2 cigarettes in the past 30 days; and (4) diagnosed with T2DM for at least 6 months with stable condition. Structured multiphase regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with intention to quit smoking and knowledge on the health impact of smoking. In the qualitative study, I recruited 22 current smokers and 20 ex-smokers with T2DM at data saturation. The current T2DM smokers did not quit smoking because of satisfaction with their current health status, misconceptions of no association between T2DM and smoking, and the perceived hazards of quitting. In contrast, ex-smokers had a positive evaluation of quitting smoking, accepted the quit advice from medical professionals and received more family support. Moreover, psychological addiction and weight gain after smoking cessation were the major barriers for T2DM patients to quit smoking. In the cross-sectional study, I recruited 526 smokers with T2DM from nine outpatient clinics specialized in diabetes. They scored on average 47.5 (95% CI=45.6-49.4) out of 0-100 in knowledge regarding health impact of smoking, and 389 (74%, 95% CI=70.3%-77.8%) of them were in pre-contemplation stage. The multiphase regression analysis showed that T2DM smokers with no intention to quit were those who smoked during alcohol drinking (OR=5.98, 95% CI=1.89-18.98, p=0.002). In contrast, those less likely associated with pre-contemplation stage were those who perceived a worse level of health (OR=0.41, 95%, CI=0.19-0.86, p=0.019), perceived greater importance of quitting (OR=0.67, 95% CI=0.58-0.78, p<0.0001), had higher confidence of quitting (OR=0.77, 95% CI=0.67-0.88, p<0.0001), or had more knowledge regarding health impact of smoking (OR=0.98, 95%, CI=0.97-0.999, p=0.035). In addition, a higher score on Decisional Balance Inventory-Cons of smoking (coefficient=1.61, 95% CI=0.56-2.66, p=0.003) or confidence in quitting was associated with a higher knowledge score (coefficient=1.30, 95% CI=0.59-2.01, p<0.001). Conclusively, this is the first study to assess the smoking behaviors and perceptions in patients with T2DM. Many T2DM smokers were reluctant to quit smoking due to inadequate knowledge of the health impact of smoking. Patient education, weight control and behavioral counseling are suggested as the critical components of an effective smoking cessation intervention for T2DM patients.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectSmoking cessation
Smoking - Health aspects
Diabetics - Care
Dept/ProgramNursing Studies
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208619

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChau, Tin-kin-
dc.contributor.author周天健-
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-13T01:44:09Z-
dc.date.available2015-03-13T01:44:09Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationChau, T. [周天健]. (2015). Smoking in patients with type II diabetes mellitus : what do we know and how can we help?. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5388011-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208619-
dc.description.abstractSmoking causes Type II diabetes (T2DM). However, there were limited research on the needs, concerns and intention of smokers with T2DM about quitting smoking. This study aimed to explore the behaviors and perceptions on smoking and quitting smoking in patients with T2DM. I conducted both qualitative and quantitative studies. The qualitative study involved T2DM patients who were current smokers or ex-smokers, and could communicate in Cantonese. Semi-structured focus group and individual in-depth interviews were conducted. The quantitative study was cross-sectional, using a standardized questionnaire to identify the intention to quit smoking, knowledge regarding the health risks of smoking and their determinants in T2DM smokers who (1) were aged 18 years or above; (2) can communicate in Cantonese; (3) had daily consumption of at least 2 cigarettes in the past 30 days; and (4) diagnosed with T2DM for at least 6 months with stable condition. Structured multiphase regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with intention to quit smoking and knowledge on the health impact of smoking. In the qualitative study, I recruited 22 current smokers and 20 ex-smokers with T2DM at data saturation. The current T2DM smokers did not quit smoking because of satisfaction with their current health status, misconceptions of no association between T2DM and smoking, and the perceived hazards of quitting. In contrast, ex-smokers had a positive evaluation of quitting smoking, accepted the quit advice from medical professionals and received more family support. Moreover, psychological addiction and weight gain after smoking cessation were the major barriers for T2DM patients to quit smoking. In the cross-sectional study, I recruited 526 smokers with T2DM from nine outpatient clinics specialized in diabetes. They scored on average 47.5 (95% CI=45.6-49.4) out of 0-100 in knowledge regarding health impact of smoking, and 389 (74%, 95% CI=70.3%-77.8%) of them were in pre-contemplation stage. The multiphase regression analysis showed that T2DM smokers with no intention to quit were those who smoked during alcohol drinking (OR=5.98, 95% CI=1.89-18.98, p=0.002). In contrast, those less likely associated with pre-contemplation stage were those who perceived a worse level of health (OR=0.41, 95%, CI=0.19-0.86, p=0.019), perceived greater importance of quitting (OR=0.67, 95% CI=0.58-0.78, p<0.0001), had higher confidence of quitting (OR=0.77, 95% CI=0.67-0.88, p<0.0001), or had more knowledge regarding health impact of smoking (OR=0.98, 95%, CI=0.97-0.999, p=0.035). In addition, a higher score on Decisional Balance Inventory-Cons of smoking (coefficient=1.61, 95% CI=0.56-2.66, p=0.003) or confidence in quitting was associated with a higher knowledge score (coefficient=1.30, 95% CI=0.59-2.01, p<0.001). Conclusively, this is the first study to assess the smoking behaviors and perceptions in patients with T2DM. Many T2DM smokers were reluctant to quit smoking due to inadequate knowledge of the health impact of smoking. Patient education, weight control and behavioral counseling are suggested as the critical components of an effective smoking cessation intervention for T2DM patients.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshSmoking cessation-
dc.subject.lcshSmoking - Health aspects-
dc.subject.lcshDiabetics - Care-
dc.titleSmoking in patients with type II diabetes mellitus : what do we know and how can we help?-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5388011-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineNursing Studies-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5388011-

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