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postgraduate thesis: The role of cyclin E1 in hepatocellular carcinoma

TitleThe role of cyclin E1 in hepatocellular carcinoma
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Lee, NPY
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chan, Y. [陳茵茵]. (2014). The role of cyclin E1 in hepatocellular carcinoma. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5351033
AbstractHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 70-85% of liver cancer, which is the sixth most common cancer in the world. Prognosis of HCC is dismal with little chance of complete recovery after diagnosis. It is of essence to discover the key molecules involved in the tumor progression. This could help earlier detection of HCC and establish targeted molecular therapies. Cyclin E1 (CCNE1) is a cyclin molecule responsible for the transition from G1 to S phase of the cell cycle and is often dysregulated in human cancers. CCNE1 is reported with overexpression in about 30-70% of HCC cases. It expresses in tumor cells as a ladder of proteins and as low molecular weight CCNE1. The study is aimed to investigate the role of CCNE1 in HCC. From the local cohort of HCC patients, 6 out of 13 patients (46.2%) of HCC tumor tissues were found with CCNE1 overexpression compared with the non-tumor tissues by western blotting. The presence of three CCNE1 isoforms in HCC was detected. The expression of total CCNE1 and each isoform varied independently among the studied HCC cell lines, with HepG2 having the highest expression and 97L the lowest. To extend our study on the regulation of CCNE1 expression, the expression of selected four genes associating with the CCNE1 expression and functions was studied by quantitative PCR (qPCR). F-box and WD repeat domain containing 7, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase (FBXW7) and cullin 3 (CUL3), the two genes responsible for CCNE1 degradation, had increased expression in the HCC cell lines with higher CCNE1 expression. Cyclin A (CCNA2), the downstream cyclin molecule of CCNE1, also had higher expression in these cell lines. In contrast, the expression of cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), the catalytic partner of CCNE1, had the least difference among the six HCC cell lines compared to other three genes. To characterize the role of CCNE1 isoforms in HCC, CCNE1 isoform 1, 2, and 3 were overexpressed in PLC cells and such overexpression remained even after 8 passages in culture. In flow cytometric analysis, GFP signal in cell culture population was viewed to observe the transduction efficiency. The vector control showed the strongest GFP signal, followed by CCNE1 isoform 3 showing dim signal. CCNE1 isoform 1 and 2 almost showed no signal. In the functional studies, the overexpression of CCNE1 isoform 3 could increase proliferation and migration of HCC cells. In summary, CCNE1 could promote proliferation and migration of HCC cells through elevated expression of CCNE1 isoform 3.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectLiver - Cancer - Molecular aspects
Cyclins
Dept/ProgramSurgery
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208041

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLee, NPY-
dc.contributor.authorChan, Yan-yan-
dc.contributor.author陳茵茵-
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-06T14:19:36Z-
dc.date.available2015-02-06T14:19:36Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationChan, Y. [陳茵茵]. (2014). The role of cyclin E1 in hepatocellular carcinoma. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5351033-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208041-
dc.description.abstractHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 70-85% of liver cancer, which is the sixth most common cancer in the world. Prognosis of HCC is dismal with little chance of complete recovery after diagnosis. It is of essence to discover the key molecules involved in the tumor progression. This could help earlier detection of HCC and establish targeted molecular therapies. Cyclin E1 (CCNE1) is a cyclin molecule responsible for the transition from G1 to S phase of the cell cycle and is often dysregulated in human cancers. CCNE1 is reported with overexpression in about 30-70% of HCC cases. It expresses in tumor cells as a ladder of proteins and as low molecular weight CCNE1. The study is aimed to investigate the role of CCNE1 in HCC. From the local cohort of HCC patients, 6 out of 13 patients (46.2%) of HCC tumor tissues were found with CCNE1 overexpression compared with the non-tumor tissues by western blotting. The presence of three CCNE1 isoforms in HCC was detected. The expression of total CCNE1 and each isoform varied independently among the studied HCC cell lines, with HepG2 having the highest expression and 97L the lowest. To extend our study on the regulation of CCNE1 expression, the expression of selected four genes associating with the CCNE1 expression and functions was studied by quantitative PCR (qPCR). F-box and WD repeat domain containing 7, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase (FBXW7) and cullin 3 (CUL3), the two genes responsible for CCNE1 degradation, had increased expression in the HCC cell lines with higher CCNE1 expression. Cyclin A (CCNA2), the downstream cyclin molecule of CCNE1, also had higher expression in these cell lines. In contrast, the expression of cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), the catalytic partner of CCNE1, had the least difference among the six HCC cell lines compared to other three genes. To characterize the role of CCNE1 isoforms in HCC, CCNE1 isoform 1, 2, and 3 were overexpressed in PLC cells and such overexpression remained even after 8 passages in culture. In flow cytometric analysis, GFP signal in cell culture population was viewed to observe the transduction efficiency. The vector control showed the strongest GFP signal, followed by CCNE1 isoform 3 showing dim signal. CCNE1 isoform 1 and 2 almost showed no signal. In the functional studies, the overexpression of CCNE1 isoform 3 could increase proliferation and migration of HCC cells. In summary, CCNE1 could promote proliferation and migration of HCC cells through elevated expression of CCNE1 isoform 3.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshLiver - Cancer - Molecular aspects-
dc.subject.lcshCyclins-
dc.titleThe role of cyclin E1 in hepatocellular carcinoma-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5351033-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineSurgery-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5351033-

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