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postgraduate thesis: The involvement of connexin hemichannels and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in acidosis-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes

TitleThe involvement of connexin hemichannels and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in acidosis-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes
Authors
Advisors
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Lu, L. [鹿琳]. (2014). The involvement of connexin hemichannels and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in acidosis-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5351010
AbstractThe cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) was identified to be involved in acidosis-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes in vitro and from contracting muscle in vivo. My PhD studies aimed to investigate the underlying mechanism and identify the pathway for ATP release in acidosis-induced CFTR-regulated ATP release. Lactic acid (10 mM) decreased the intracellular pH of L6 skeletal myocytes to 6.87 ± 0.12 after 3 hours, and the lowered pH resulted in the elevation of ATP release from skeletal myocytes. The acidosis-induced ATP release was totally abolished by GlyH-101 (40 μM), an open-channel CFTR blocker, suggesting that CFTR was involved. The cAMP/PKA signaling pathway was involved in the CFTR-regulated ATP release from skeletal myocytes: 1). Forskolin increased the extracellular ATP and the phosphorylation of CFTR; IBMX, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, further enhanced the forskolin-induced extracellular ATP and phosphorylation of CFTR; 2). Inhibition of PKA by its selective inhibitor KT-5720 abolished the acidosis-induced ATP release and the forskolin-induced phosphorylation of CFTR. In addition, the inhibition of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) by amiloride, or inhibition of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) by its specific inhibitors SN-6 and KB-R7943 abolished the lactic-acid-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes, indicating that NHE and NCX might be involved. Previous studies demonstrated that Connexin hemichannels and Pannexin channels were able to conduct ATP in response to stimuli. This study found that connexin 43 (Cx43) was strongly expressed on skeletal myocytes, while Pannexin 1 (Panx1) showed a strong expression in gastrocnemius muscle. Investigation of the role that Cx43 may play in acidosis-induced cAMP/PKA-activated CFTR-regulated ATP release from myocytes showed that: 1). Cx43 was immunoprecipitated with CFTR suggesting a physical interaction; 2). The opening of Cx hemichannels was increased by lactic acid and this lactic-acid-induced opening was inhibited by CFTRinh-172, suggesting the mediation of CFTR; 3). Inhibition of Cxs and Panxs with carbenoxolone abolished the acidosis-induced ATP release; moreover, specific silencing of the Cx43 gene using siRNA decreased both basal and acidosis-induced ATP release, suggesting that Cx43 was involved; 4). Overexpression of CFTR alone did not elevate the acidosis-induced ATP release, while overexpression of Cx43 alone doubled the acidosis-induced ATP, and co-overexpression of CFTR and Cx43 further elevated the acidosis-induced ATP release, supporting the concept that Cx43 functionally interacted with CFTR to induce the acidosis-induced ATP release. Panx1 was studied in native skeletal muscle, and found to be coimmunoprecipitated with CFTR. Inhibition of Panxs with gadolinium or probenecid abolished the muscle-contraction-induced ATP release, while inhibition with carbenoxolone or quinine reduced it to less than 10% of control, suggesting that Panx1 may be involved in the acidosis-induced ATP release during muscle contraction. All the in vitro and in vivo studies suggested that Cxs and Panx were involved in the acidosis-induced CFTR-regulated ATP release from skeletal myocytes and skeletal muscle.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectMuscle cells - Physiology
Cystic fibrosis - Pathophysiology
Connexins
Chloride channels
Adenosine triphosphate
Dept/ProgramPhysiology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208017

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorBallard, HJ-
dc.contributor.advisorLi, GR-
dc.contributor.authorLu, Lin-
dc.contributor.author鹿琳-
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-06T14:19:34Z-
dc.date.available2015-02-06T14:19:34Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationLu, L. [鹿琳]. (2014). The involvement of connexin hemichannels and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in acidosis-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5351010-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/208017-
dc.description.abstractThe cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) was identified to be involved in acidosis-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes in vitro and from contracting muscle in vivo. My PhD studies aimed to investigate the underlying mechanism and identify the pathway for ATP release in acidosis-induced CFTR-regulated ATP release. Lactic acid (10 mM) decreased the intracellular pH of L6 skeletal myocytes to 6.87 ± 0.12 after 3 hours, and the lowered pH resulted in the elevation of ATP release from skeletal myocytes. The acidosis-induced ATP release was totally abolished by GlyH-101 (40 μM), an open-channel CFTR blocker, suggesting that CFTR was involved. The cAMP/PKA signaling pathway was involved in the CFTR-regulated ATP release from skeletal myocytes: 1). Forskolin increased the extracellular ATP and the phosphorylation of CFTR; IBMX, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, further enhanced the forskolin-induced extracellular ATP and phosphorylation of CFTR; 2). Inhibition of PKA by its selective inhibitor KT-5720 abolished the acidosis-induced ATP release and the forskolin-induced phosphorylation of CFTR. In addition, the inhibition of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) by amiloride, or inhibition of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) by its specific inhibitors SN-6 and KB-R7943 abolished the lactic-acid-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes, indicating that NHE and NCX might be involved. Previous studies demonstrated that Connexin hemichannels and Pannexin channels were able to conduct ATP in response to stimuli. This study found that connexin 43 (Cx43) was strongly expressed on skeletal myocytes, while Pannexin 1 (Panx1) showed a strong expression in gastrocnemius muscle. Investigation of the role that Cx43 may play in acidosis-induced cAMP/PKA-activated CFTR-regulated ATP release from myocytes showed that: 1). Cx43 was immunoprecipitated with CFTR suggesting a physical interaction; 2). The opening of Cx hemichannels was increased by lactic acid and this lactic-acid-induced opening was inhibited by CFTRinh-172, suggesting the mediation of CFTR; 3). Inhibition of Cxs and Panxs with carbenoxolone abolished the acidosis-induced ATP release; moreover, specific silencing of the Cx43 gene using siRNA decreased both basal and acidosis-induced ATP release, suggesting that Cx43 was involved; 4). Overexpression of CFTR alone did not elevate the acidosis-induced ATP release, while overexpression of Cx43 alone doubled the acidosis-induced ATP, and co-overexpression of CFTR and Cx43 further elevated the acidosis-induced ATP release, supporting the concept that Cx43 functionally interacted with CFTR to induce the acidosis-induced ATP release. Panx1 was studied in native skeletal muscle, and found to be coimmunoprecipitated with CFTR. Inhibition of Panxs with gadolinium or probenecid abolished the muscle-contraction-induced ATP release, while inhibition with carbenoxolone or quinine reduced it to less than 10% of control, suggesting that Panx1 may be involved in the acidosis-induced ATP release during muscle contraction. All the in vitro and in vivo studies suggested that Cxs and Panx were involved in the acidosis-induced CFTR-regulated ATP release from skeletal myocytes and skeletal muscle.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshMuscle cells - Physiology-
dc.subject.lcshCystic fibrosis - Pathophysiology-
dc.subject.lcshConnexins-
dc.subject.lcshChloride channels-
dc.subject.lcshAdenosine triphosphate-
dc.titleThe involvement of connexin hemichannels and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in acidosis-induced ATP release from skeletal myocytes-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5351010-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePhysiology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5351010-

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