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Article: Oral health among preschool children with autism spectrum disorders: A case-control study

TitleOral health among preschool children with autism spectrum disorders: A case-control study
Authors
Issue Date2014
Citation
Autism (In press), 2015 How to Cite?
AbstractTo assess and compare the oral health status of preschool children with and without autism spectrum disorders. A random sample of 347 preschool children with autism spectrum disorder was recruited from 19 Special Child Care Centres in Hong Kong. An age- and gender-matched sample was recruited from mainstream preschools as the control group. Dental caries status, gingival health status, tooth wear, malocclusion, dental trauma and oral mucosal health were assessed and compared between the two groups. It was feasible to conduct a comprehensive oral health screening among 74.1% (257) of the children with autism spectrum disorder. The mean age was 59 ± 10 months (range from 32 to 77 months), of whom 84.4% were males. Children with autism spectrum disorder had better gingival health than children without autism spectrum disorder (mean plaque score and gingival score p < 0.001). Children with autism spectrum disorder had less caries experiences than children without autism spectrum disorder (mean decayed, missing and filled surfaces and decayed surfaces, p < 0.05). Children with and without autism spectrum disorder had similar prevalence of tooth wear, malocclusion, dental trauma experience and oral mucosal lesions (p > 0.05). Differences in oral health status exist among preschool children with and without autism spectrum disorder. Preschool children with autism spectrum disorder exhibited lower caries experiences and better gingival health than children without autism spectrum disorder.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/207708

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDu, RYen_US
dc.contributor.authorYiu, CKYen_US
dc.contributor.authorKing, NMen_US
dc.contributor.authorWong, VCNen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, CPJen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-19T09:08:59Z-
dc.date.available2015-01-19T09:08:59Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationAutism (In press), 2015en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/207708-
dc.description.abstractTo assess and compare the oral health status of preschool children with and without autism spectrum disorders. A random sample of 347 preschool children with autism spectrum disorder was recruited from 19 Special Child Care Centres in Hong Kong. An age- and gender-matched sample was recruited from mainstream preschools as the control group. Dental caries status, gingival health status, tooth wear, malocclusion, dental trauma and oral mucosal health were assessed and compared between the two groups. It was feasible to conduct a comprehensive oral health screening among 74.1% (257) of the children with autism spectrum disorder. The mean age was 59 ± 10 months (range from 32 to 77 months), of whom 84.4% were males. Children with autism spectrum disorder had better gingival health than children without autism spectrum disorder (mean plaque score and gingival score p < 0.001). Children with autism spectrum disorder had less caries experiences than children without autism spectrum disorder (mean decayed, missing and filled surfaces and decayed surfaces, p < 0.05). Children with and without autism spectrum disorder had similar prevalence of tooth wear, malocclusion, dental trauma experience and oral mucosal lesions (p > 0.05). Differences in oral health status exist among preschool children with and without autism spectrum disorder. Preschool children with autism spectrum disorder exhibited lower caries experiences and better gingival health than children without autism spectrum disorder.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofAutismen_US
dc.titleOral health among preschool children with autism spectrum disorders: A case-control studyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailYiu, CKY: ckyyiu@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailWong, VCN: vcnwong@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, CPJ: mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityYiu, CKY=rp00018en_US
dc.identifier.authorityWong, VCN=rp00334en_US
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, CPJ=rp00037en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/1362361314553439en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros242245en_US

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