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postgraduate thesis: MicroRNAs associated with granulin-epithelin precursor in hepatocellular carcinoma

TitleMicroRNAs associated with granulin-epithelin precursor in hepatocellular carcinoma
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Cheung, ST
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Lau, P. [劉博]. (2014). MicroRNAs associated with granulin-epithelin precursor in hepatocellular carcinoma. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5328063
AbstractHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the major type of liver cancer. In Hong Kong, thousands of deaths are related to this disease every year. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the major risk factors of HCC development. The high prevalence of HBV carriers in Southeast Asia including Hong Kong can account for the particularly high HCC cases in these areas. HCC is often asymptomatic. The diagnosis and treatment are often delayed which lead to inapplicable of surgical resection. Meanwhile, conventional treatment regimes such as systemic chemotherapy were found to have limited responses. Hence, the case mortality rate of HCC is the second highest among all the cancers. Granulin-epithelin Precursor (GEP) is a glycoprotein growth factor which regulates multiple cellular functions. Our group has demonstrated that GEP is over-expressed in more than 70% of HCC cases and GEP expression is positively correlated to tumor malignancy. Our group has also verified that suppression of GEP by monoclonal antibody leads to significant inhibition of HCC growth and reduction of malignancy. Therefore, GEP has the potential to be a novel therapeutic target of HCC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that regulate mRNA translation. Previous studies showed that miRNA dys- regulation is closely associated with HCC progression and the high stability of miRNAs allows them to be cancer biomarkers or therapeutic targets. This project aims to investigate the miRNAs that regulate GEP and their functions in HCC. Potential GEP-regulating miRNAs were identified by literature review and in silico prediction by bioinformatics tools. MiR-615-5p, miR-588, miR-29b, miR-195, and miR-659 were identified as the potential candidates. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was utilized to examine the miRNAs’ expressions in HCC clinical samples. Only miR-29b and miR-195 were detected and hence they were selected for further study. Our results showed that miR-29b and miR-195 expression levels were significantly decreased in HCC comparing to adjacent non‐tumor tissue (P<0.001) in more than 70% of cases. MiR‐195 and miR‐29b were over‐expressed in Hep3B HCC cell lines by miRNA mimics and GEP protein level was significantly suppressed after miR-29b mimic transfection. The transcript level of GEP was found to be unchanged after the miR‐29b over-expression. This suggests miR‐29b does not regulate GEP protein expression by mRNA degradation. The effects of miR‐195 and miR‐29b on HCC proliferation were also examined. The growths of HCC cells were suppressed notably after over-expression of miR‐195 (P<0.005) and miR‐29b (P<0.005) respectively. In conclusion, miR‐195 and miR‐29b are frequently down-regulated in HCC. MiR‐29b can negatively regulate GEP expression and does not interfere with GEP mRNA level. Furthermore, miR‐195 and miR-29b can function to inhibit HCC cell growth significantly.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectProtein precursors
Liver - Cancer - Genetic aspects
Small interfering RNA
Dept/ProgramSurgery
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206753

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorCheung, ST-
dc.contributor.authorLau, Pok-
dc.contributor.author劉博-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-29T23:16:35Z-
dc.date.available2014-11-29T23:16:35Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationLau, P. [劉博]. (2014). MicroRNAs associated with granulin-epithelin precursor in hepatocellular carcinoma. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5328063-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206753-
dc.description.abstractHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the major type of liver cancer. In Hong Kong, thousands of deaths are related to this disease every year. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the major risk factors of HCC development. The high prevalence of HBV carriers in Southeast Asia including Hong Kong can account for the particularly high HCC cases in these areas. HCC is often asymptomatic. The diagnosis and treatment are often delayed which lead to inapplicable of surgical resection. Meanwhile, conventional treatment regimes such as systemic chemotherapy were found to have limited responses. Hence, the case mortality rate of HCC is the second highest among all the cancers. Granulin-epithelin Precursor (GEP) is a glycoprotein growth factor which regulates multiple cellular functions. Our group has demonstrated that GEP is over-expressed in more than 70% of HCC cases and GEP expression is positively correlated to tumor malignancy. Our group has also verified that suppression of GEP by monoclonal antibody leads to significant inhibition of HCC growth and reduction of malignancy. Therefore, GEP has the potential to be a novel therapeutic target of HCC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that regulate mRNA translation. Previous studies showed that miRNA dys- regulation is closely associated with HCC progression and the high stability of miRNAs allows them to be cancer biomarkers or therapeutic targets. This project aims to investigate the miRNAs that regulate GEP and their functions in HCC. Potential GEP-regulating miRNAs were identified by literature review and in silico prediction by bioinformatics tools. MiR-615-5p, miR-588, miR-29b, miR-195, and miR-659 were identified as the potential candidates. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was utilized to examine the miRNAs’ expressions in HCC clinical samples. Only miR-29b and miR-195 were detected and hence they were selected for further study. Our results showed that miR-29b and miR-195 expression levels were significantly decreased in HCC comparing to adjacent non‐tumor tissue (P<0.001) in more than 70% of cases. MiR‐195 and miR‐29b were over‐expressed in Hep3B HCC cell lines by miRNA mimics and GEP protein level was significantly suppressed after miR-29b mimic transfection. The transcript level of GEP was found to be unchanged after the miR‐29b over-expression. This suggests miR‐29b does not regulate GEP protein expression by mRNA degradation. The effects of miR‐195 and miR‐29b on HCC proliferation were also examined. The growths of HCC cells were suppressed notably after over-expression of miR‐195 (P<0.005) and miR‐29b (P<0.005) respectively. In conclusion, miR‐195 and miR‐29b are frequently down-regulated in HCC. MiR‐29b can negatively regulate GEP expression and does not interfere with GEP mRNA level. Furthermore, miR‐195 and miR-29b can function to inhibit HCC cell growth significantly.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshProtein precursors-
dc.subject.lcshLiver - Cancer - Genetic aspects-
dc.subject.lcshSmall interfering RNA-
dc.titleMicroRNAs associated with granulin-epithelin precursor in hepatocellular carcinoma-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5328063-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineSurgery-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5328063-

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