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postgraduate thesis: Role of mesenchymal stem cells in proteinuric nephropathy

TitleRole of mesenchymal stem cells in proteinuric nephropathy
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Lai, KNTang, SCW
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Wu, H. [吳浩佳]. (2014). Role of mesenchymal stem cells in proteinuric nephropathy. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5270555
AbstractProteinuria has been recognized as a common feature in many forms of chronic kidney disease (CKD). As traditional medications for proteinuric nephropathy, such as blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), has only achieved limited clinical success, more effective renoprotective strategies need to be explored. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BM-MSCs) have recently shown promise as a therapeutic tool in acute kidney injury (AKI) models. The therapeutic potential of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in proteinuric nephropathy models is unknown. Using a co-culture model of human proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) and BM-MSCs, I first examined the potential effect of BM-MSCs in albumin-induced pro-inflammatory response and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in PTECs. The unstimulated BM-MSCs exerted moderate suppressive effect on tubular inflammation as only albumin-induced CCL-2 and CCL-5 expression was attenuated in PTECs. When concomitantly stimulated by albumin excess, however, BM-MSCs remarkably suppressed albumin-induced tubular IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, CCL-2, and CCL-5 expression, suggesting albumin overloaded milieu to be a prerequisite for them to fully exhibit their anti-inflammatory effects. This effect was mediated via deactivation of tubular NF-κB signaling as BM-MSCs prevented the overexpression of p-IκB and nuclear translocation of NF-κB. In addition, albumin-induced tubular EMT, as shown by the loss of E-cadherin and induction of α-SMA, FN-1 and collagen IV in PTECs, was also prevented by BM-MSC co-culture. To dissect the mechanism of action, I next explored the paracrine factors secreted by BM-MSCs under an albumin-overloaded condition and studied their contribution to the protective effect on tubular inflammation and EMT. Albumin-overloaded BM-MSCs per se overexpressed 34 paracrine factors, of which hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and TNFα-stimulating gene (TSG)-6 were regulated by P38 and NF-κB signaling. These paracrine factors suppressed both the proinflammatory and profibrotic phenotypes in albumin-induced PTECs. Neutralizing HGF and TSG-6 abolished the anti-inflammatory and anti-EMT effects of BM-MSC co-culture in albumin-induced PTECs, respectively. Finally, in albumin-overloaded mice, a well established murine model reminiscent of human CKD, treatment with mouse BM-MSCs markedly reduced BUN, tubular CCL-2 and CCL-5 expression, interstitial macrophage, α-SMA and collagen IV accumulation independent of changes in proteinuria, together with upregulated renal cortical expression of HGF. Exogenous BM-MSCs were detected in their kidneys by PKH-26 staining. Collectively, these in vitro and in vivo data suggest a modulatory effect of BM-MSCs on albumin-induced tubular inflammation and fibrosis and underscore a therapeutic potential of BM-MSCs for CKD in the future.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectProteinuria - Treatment
Kidneys - Diseases - Treatment
Mesenchymal stem cells
Dept/ProgramMedicine
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206678

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLai, KN-
dc.contributor.advisorTang, SCW-
dc.contributor.authorWu, Haojia-
dc.contributor.author吳浩佳-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-25T03:53:16Z-
dc.date.available2014-11-25T03:53:16Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationWu, H. [吳浩佳]. (2014). Role of mesenchymal stem cells in proteinuric nephropathy. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5270555-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206678-
dc.description.abstractProteinuria has been recognized as a common feature in many forms of chronic kidney disease (CKD). As traditional medications for proteinuric nephropathy, such as blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), has only achieved limited clinical success, more effective renoprotective strategies need to be explored. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BM-MSCs) have recently shown promise as a therapeutic tool in acute kidney injury (AKI) models. The therapeutic potential of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in proteinuric nephropathy models is unknown. Using a co-culture model of human proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) and BM-MSCs, I first examined the potential effect of BM-MSCs in albumin-induced pro-inflammatory response and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in PTECs. The unstimulated BM-MSCs exerted moderate suppressive effect on tubular inflammation as only albumin-induced CCL-2 and CCL-5 expression was attenuated in PTECs. When concomitantly stimulated by albumin excess, however, BM-MSCs remarkably suppressed albumin-induced tubular IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, CCL-2, and CCL-5 expression, suggesting albumin overloaded milieu to be a prerequisite for them to fully exhibit their anti-inflammatory effects. This effect was mediated via deactivation of tubular NF-κB signaling as BM-MSCs prevented the overexpression of p-IκB and nuclear translocation of NF-κB. In addition, albumin-induced tubular EMT, as shown by the loss of E-cadherin and induction of α-SMA, FN-1 and collagen IV in PTECs, was also prevented by BM-MSC co-culture. To dissect the mechanism of action, I next explored the paracrine factors secreted by BM-MSCs under an albumin-overloaded condition and studied their contribution to the protective effect on tubular inflammation and EMT. Albumin-overloaded BM-MSCs per se overexpressed 34 paracrine factors, of which hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and TNFα-stimulating gene (TSG)-6 were regulated by P38 and NF-κB signaling. These paracrine factors suppressed both the proinflammatory and profibrotic phenotypes in albumin-induced PTECs. Neutralizing HGF and TSG-6 abolished the anti-inflammatory and anti-EMT effects of BM-MSC co-culture in albumin-induced PTECs, respectively. Finally, in albumin-overloaded mice, a well established murine model reminiscent of human CKD, treatment with mouse BM-MSCs markedly reduced BUN, tubular CCL-2 and CCL-5 expression, interstitial macrophage, α-SMA and collagen IV accumulation independent of changes in proteinuria, together with upregulated renal cortical expression of HGF. Exogenous BM-MSCs were detected in their kidneys by PKH-26 staining. Collectively, these in vitro and in vivo data suggest a modulatory effect of BM-MSCs on albumin-induced tubular inflammation and fibrosis and underscore a therapeutic potential of BM-MSCs for CKD in the future.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshProteinuria - Treatment-
dc.subject.lcshKidneys - Diseases - Treatment-
dc.subject.lcshMesenchymal stem cells-
dc.titleRole of mesenchymal stem cells in proteinuric nephropathy-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5270555-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5270555-

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