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postgraduate thesis: The regulatory mechanisms and physiological functions of an outer membrane protein opmpW during anaerobic adaptation in Escherichia coli

TitleThe regulatory mechanisms and physiological functions of an outer membrane protein opmpW during anaerobic adaptation in Escherichia coli
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Xiao, M. [肖敏鳳]. (2013). The regulatory mechanisms and physiological functions of an outer membrane protein opmpW during anaerobic adaptation in Escherichia coli. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153671
AbstractompW encodes a widespread outer-membrane porin protein in Gram-negative bacteria. It has been implicated in bacterial responses to various antibiotics and environmental substances such as antibiotics, drugs and mouse mucus etc. Little is known, however, about its regulation and physiological roles during bacterial stress responses. Recently, comparative genomics studies revealed that the ompW gene is a core regulon of the global transcription factor FNR (Fumarate Nitrate Reduction) which mediates the transition from aerobic to anaerobic lifestyle of facultative bacteria. Anaerobiosis represents a predominant challenge encountered by many bacteria in their natural ecological niches and human hosts. This thesis thus aims to elucidate the molecular mechanism of FNR-dependent regulation of ompW expression and its relevance to the anaerobic adaption of the model facultative bacterium E. coli. Regulation of ompW expression by several other key physiological signals related to the anaerobiosis of E. coli, as well as the physiological significance, is also explored systematically. In the first half of the thesis, FNR-dependent regulation of ompW is confirmed by in vivo transcriptional activity assay, and then further confirmed at mRNA and protein level by RT-qPCR and western blotting. EMSA combined with transcriptional activity assay reveals that FNR directly binds with two sites centered at -81.5 and -126.5 bp respectively on ompW promoter (PompW). While binding to the -81.5 site by FNR activates the transcription of ompW, interaction with the -126.5 site represses it, and repression through the -126.5 site is dependent on primary occupancy of the -81.5 site by FNR. Based on these molecular mechanisms, a novel regulatory model of ompW expression during anaerobic adaptation of E. coli is proposed. Growth competition assay further confirmed the physiological significance of this fine-tuned regulation of ompW by FNR in facilitating the fitness and adaptation of E. coli during the transition from aerobic to micro-aerobic and anaerobic lifestyles. In the second half of the thesis, it is demonstrated that two other physiological signals related to the anaerobiosis of E. coli participate in the regulation of ompW, i.e. carbon and electron sources. The molecular mechanisms of how the relevant transcription factors, namely CRP and NarXL, mediate ompW transcription were elucidated: CRP activates the transcription of ompW by binding with the -42.5 site on PompW when glucose is absent; NarL represses the expression of ompW via its binding with the -18.5 site on PompW in the presence of nitrate (the most preferred electron source of E. coli during anaerobic growth). Fumarate is estimated to enter the central channel of OmpW and rescues OmpW-mediated colicin S4 killing of E. coli, suggesting OmpW is a receptor for fumarate and revealing its role in facilitating C4-dicarboxylates utilization. In summary, my study reveals a previously unrecognized, highly co-ordinated and dynamic regulation network for the expression of the widely distributed Gram-negative bacterial minor porin protein OmpW. Given the high conservancy of both the ompW gene and its promoter regions in several pathogenic bacterial species, my study contributes to the understanding of the pathogenicity of these species in the host relevant environment of anaerobiosis.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectEscherichia coli - Genetics
Dept/ProgramBiological Sciences
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206531

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorXiao, Minfeng-
dc.contributor.author肖敏鳳-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-14T23:14:57Z-
dc.date.available2014-11-14T23:14:57Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationXiao, M. [肖敏鳳]. (2013). The regulatory mechanisms and physiological functions of an outer membrane protein opmpW during anaerobic adaptation in Escherichia coli. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153671-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206531-
dc.description.abstractompW encodes a widespread outer-membrane porin protein in Gram-negative bacteria. It has been implicated in bacterial responses to various antibiotics and environmental substances such as antibiotics, drugs and mouse mucus etc. Little is known, however, about its regulation and physiological roles during bacterial stress responses. Recently, comparative genomics studies revealed that the ompW gene is a core regulon of the global transcription factor FNR (Fumarate Nitrate Reduction) which mediates the transition from aerobic to anaerobic lifestyle of facultative bacteria. Anaerobiosis represents a predominant challenge encountered by many bacteria in their natural ecological niches and human hosts. This thesis thus aims to elucidate the molecular mechanism of FNR-dependent regulation of ompW expression and its relevance to the anaerobic adaption of the model facultative bacterium E. coli. Regulation of ompW expression by several other key physiological signals related to the anaerobiosis of E. coli, as well as the physiological significance, is also explored systematically. In the first half of the thesis, FNR-dependent regulation of ompW is confirmed by in vivo transcriptional activity assay, and then further confirmed at mRNA and protein level by RT-qPCR and western blotting. EMSA combined with transcriptional activity assay reveals that FNR directly binds with two sites centered at -81.5 and -126.5 bp respectively on ompW promoter (PompW). While binding to the -81.5 site by FNR activates the transcription of ompW, interaction with the -126.5 site represses it, and repression through the -126.5 site is dependent on primary occupancy of the -81.5 site by FNR. Based on these molecular mechanisms, a novel regulatory model of ompW expression during anaerobic adaptation of E. coli is proposed. Growth competition assay further confirmed the physiological significance of this fine-tuned regulation of ompW by FNR in facilitating the fitness and adaptation of E. coli during the transition from aerobic to micro-aerobic and anaerobic lifestyles. In the second half of the thesis, it is demonstrated that two other physiological signals related to the anaerobiosis of E. coli participate in the regulation of ompW, i.e. carbon and electron sources. The molecular mechanisms of how the relevant transcription factors, namely CRP and NarXL, mediate ompW transcription were elucidated: CRP activates the transcription of ompW by binding with the -42.5 site on PompW when glucose is absent; NarL represses the expression of ompW via its binding with the -18.5 site on PompW in the presence of nitrate (the most preferred electron source of E. coli during anaerobic growth). Fumarate is estimated to enter the central channel of OmpW and rescues OmpW-mediated colicin S4 killing of E. coli, suggesting OmpW is a receptor for fumarate and revealing its role in facilitating C4-dicarboxylates utilization. In summary, my study reveals a previously unrecognized, highly co-ordinated and dynamic regulation network for the expression of the widely distributed Gram-negative bacterial minor porin protein OmpW. Given the high conservancy of both the ompW gene and its promoter regions in several pathogenic bacterial species, my study contributes to the understanding of the pathogenicity of these species in the host relevant environment of anaerobiosis.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshEscherichia coli - Genetics-
dc.titleThe regulatory mechanisms and physiological functions of an outer membrane protein opmpW during anaerobic adaptation in Escherichia coli-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5153671-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineBiological Sciences-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5153671-

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