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postgraduate thesis: Mechanistic studies of fibulin-2 and its related signaling pathways in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

TitleMechanistic studies of fibulin-2 and its related signaling pathways in nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Lung, ML
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Shuen, W. [孫偉豪]. (2014). Mechanistic studies of fibulin-2 and its related signaling pathways in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5317024
AbstractNasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has distinctive ethnic and geographic distributions, with the highest incidence in Southern China. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, non-viral environmental risk factors, and host genetics contribute to the development of NPC. In our previous studies, Fibulin-2 (FBLN2), located at chromosome 3p25.1, has been identified as a candidate tumor suppressor gene (TSG) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) by using a chromosome 3 NotI genomic microarray screen, followed by functional assays. FBLN2 belongs to the fibulin family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins. It encodes a large protein consisting of cysteinerich and cysteine-free segments, three anaphylatoxin (AT) modules, a series of cbEGFlike repeated, and a fibulin module. Although FBLN2 was also identified as a candidate TSG in other cancers, its molecular characterization is still largely unknown. In the present study, lentiviral constitutive and inducible transgene expression systems, fluorescent protein labelling and reporter systems, and shRNA-mediated knockdown system were optimized and established for studies in NPC. With the use of lentiviral systems, the FBLN2-mediated signaling pathways and the functions of FBLN2-related p65 signaling pathway were revealed. Lentiviral pWPI-FBLN2 infected HONE1, HK1, and C666 cell lines consistently reduced p65 phosphorylation at serine S536. Also, FBLN2 was shown to inactivate RhoA and Cdc42, resulting in decreased stress fiber and filopodia formation. Full-length and truncated FBLN2 fragments, with the exception of anaphylatoxin module, reduced phosphorylation of p65 as well as suppressed HUVEC tube formation. The p65 pathway was then chosen for in-depth studies. Inactivation of p65 by p65 stable knockdown and IκBα super repressor overexpression showed reduced cell migration, invasion, angiogenesis, in vitro cell growth, and in vivo tumor growth. In contrast, overexpression of wild type p65 and phospho-mimic S536E p65 promotes cell migration, invasion, angiogenesis, in vitro cell growth, and cell cycle progression. Molecular studies suggested that tumorassociated angiogenesis is regulated by p65 through expression of pro-angiogenic factors and the p65 activity controls epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-like properties in NPC. Western blotting and qPCR analyses showed that inactivation of p65 reduced expression of pro-angiogenic factors and mesenchymal markers. Overexpression of p65 induced expression of pro-angiogenic factors and mesenchymal markers as well as enhanced EMT-like properties. The elimination of the p65 feedback mechanism by IκBα knockdown largely induced expression of pro-angiogenic factors and mesenchymal markers, as well as changes in cell morphology. In conclusion, these results suggest that FBLN2 suppresses tumor growth, tumor-associated angiogenesis, migration, and invasion through the regulation of Erk1/2, p65, and Rho GTPase pathways. The important roles of the p65 pathway in angiogenesis and EMT were also revealed. These findings provide a strategic new insight into the understanding of mechanistic role of FBLN2 in NPC and provide a better understanding for the molecular genetic basis of NPC tumorigenesis.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectNasopharynx - Cancer - Genetic aspects
Dept/ProgramClinical Oncology
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206469

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLung, ML-
dc.contributor.authorShuen, Wai-ho-
dc.contributor.author孫偉豪-
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-31T23:15:58Z-
dc.date.available2014-10-31T23:15:58Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationShuen, W. [孫偉豪]. (2014). Mechanistic studies of fibulin-2 and its related signaling pathways in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5317024-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206469-
dc.description.abstractNasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has distinctive ethnic and geographic distributions, with the highest incidence in Southern China. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, non-viral environmental risk factors, and host genetics contribute to the development of NPC. In our previous studies, Fibulin-2 (FBLN2), located at chromosome 3p25.1, has been identified as a candidate tumor suppressor gene (TSG) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) by using a chromosome 3 NotI genomic microarray screen, followed by functional assays. FBLN2 belongs to the fibulin family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins. It encodes a large protein consisting of cysteinerich and cysteine-free segments, three anaphylatoxin (AT) modules, a series of cbEGFlike repeated, and a fibulin module. Although FBLN2 was also identified as a candidate TSG in other cancers, its molecular characterization is still largely unknown. In the present study, lentiviral constitutive and inducible transgene expression systems, fluorescent protein labelling and reporter systems, and shRNA-mediated knockdown system were optimized and established for studies in NPC. With the use of lentiviral systems, the FBLN2-mediated signaling pathways and the functions of FBLN2-related p65 signaling pathway were revealed. Lentiviral pWPI-FBLN2 infected HONE1, HK1, and C666 cell lines consistently reduced p65 phosphorylation at serine S536. Also, FBLN2 was shown to inactivate RhoA and Cdc42, resulting in decreased stress fiber and filopodia formation. Full-length and truncated FBLN2 fragments, with the exception of anaphylatoxin module, reduced phosphorylation of p65 as well as suppressed HUVEC tube formation. The p65 pathway was then chosen for in-depth studies. Inactivation of p65 by p65 stable knockdown and IκBα super repressor overexpression showed reduced cell migration, invasion, angiogenesis, in vitro cell growth, and in vivo tumor growth. In contrast, overexpression of wild type p65 and phospho-mimic S536E p65 promotes cell migration, invasion, angiogenesis, in vitro cell growth, and cell cycle progression. Molecular studies suggested that tumorassociated angiogenesis is regulated by p65 through expression of pro-angiogenic factors and the p65 activity controls epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-like properties in NPC. Western blotting and qPCR analyses showed that inactivation of p65 reduced expression of pro-angiogenic factors and mesenchymal markers. Overexpression of p65 induced expression of pro-angiogenic factors and mesenchymal markers as well as enhanced EMT-like properties. The elimination of the p65 feedback mechanism by IκBα knockdown largely induced expression of pro-angiogenic factors and mesenchymal markers, as well as changes in cell morphology. In conclusion, these results suggest that FBLN2 suppresses tumor growth, tumor-associated angiogenesis, migration, and invasion through the regulation of Erk1/2, p65, and Rho GTPase pathways. The important roles of the p65 pathway in angiogenesis and EMT were also revealed. These findings provide a strategic new insight into the understanding of mechanistic role of FBLN2 in NPC and provide a better understanding for the molecular genetic basis of NPC tumorigenesis.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshNasopharynx - Cancer - Genetic aspects-
dc.titleMechanistic studies of fibulin-2 and its related signaling pathways in nasopharyngeal carcinoma-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5317024-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineClinical Oncology-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5317024-

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