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postgraduate thesis: Electron transfer study for selected dye sensitized solar cell and polymer solar cell by time-resolved spectroscopy

TitleElectron transfer study for selected dye sensitized solar cell and polymer solar cell by time-resolved spectroscopy
Authors
Advisors
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Yu, L. [于利红]. (2014). Electron transfer study for selected dye sensitized solar cell and polymer solar cell by time-resolved spectroscopy. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5317042
AbstractThe pure organic dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were studied and a new organic dye of donor-π-2acceptors (D-π-2A configuration) was fabricated. This dye, denoted as B2, was investigated and applied in DSSCs. Density functional theory (DFT) was used to examine the electronic distribution of the frontier orbitals of the B2 dye. It was found that intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) between the donor moieties and acceptor moieties of the B2 dye may take place under photo irradiation. The LUMO, LUMO+1 and LUMO+2 of B2 are all distributed on the acceptor moieties and this is very helpful to enhance the intramolecular electron transfer from the donor moieties to the acceptor moieties, which will consequently promote the chance of electron injection into the semiconductor. DSSCs based on B2 demonstrated an power conversion efficiency of 3.62 %. This efficiency value is approximately half of the power conversion efficiency of DSSCs based on N719 (7.69 %) under the same conditions. Femtosecond transient absorption and nanosecond transient absorption (TA), and time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) technique were applied to examine the electron transfer processes occurring on the surface of B2/TiO2. B2 dye has life time of the excited states three orders in magnitude shorter than that of N719. The electron injection time from excited B2 to TiO2 is also three orders in magnitude shorter than that from excited N719 to TiO2. It was revealed that the delocalized electrons of π → π* transition for both the B2 dye and the N719 dye could be further guided into the semiconductor, while such injection processes may not happen for the localized electrons in π → π* transition of these dyes. The nanosecond transient absorption and transient emission spectroscopy of the ruthenium bipyridyl sensitizer N719 in different solvents were studied. Three kinds of ZnO nanoparticles were utilized to study the electron transfer process taking place on the interface of N719/ZnO with and without electrolyte by Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC) technique, TA and transient emission spectroscopy. Isopropanol was found to stabilize the singlet excited state of N719 and a related emission band centered at 460 nm was observed in nanosecond time scale. It was revealed that the electrolyte has a significant impact upon the electron transfer dynamics on the N719/ZnO interface. In the absence of electrolyte, the electron transfer process on the N719/ZnO interface is dependent upon the depth of defects in ZnO nanoparticles. Conversely, in the presence of electrolyte, the impact of ZnO defects upon the electron transfer process is eliminated and the effective electron injection happens from the excited states of N719 to ZnO, in spite of the ZnO particle sizes. The polymer based solar cells were studied and a polymer incorporated with a pyrenylcarbazole pendant was synthesized and applied in the functionalization of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) by noncovalent π-π interaction. The polymer/MWCNT hybrids were isolated and examined. The strong interaction between the polymer and MWCNT in a 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE) solution was investigated. The emission spectra demonstrated an effective quenching of emission from the polymer by the MWCNT. DFT calculations showed an electron delocalization phenomenon between the pyrene and carbazole moieties. The LUMO of the polymer is mainly located on the pyrene moiety while the LUMO+1 of the polymer is predominantly positioned on the carbazole moiety. The electronic transition of LUMO+1→LUMO results in intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) from the carbazole moieties to the pyrene moieties. Femtosecond TA determined the characteristic TA feature of the excited states, which are contributed from both the pyrene and carbazole moieties. The excited state lifetime of the polymer was calculated to be 659 ps and the photo excited electrons can inject into the MWCNT very fast on a time scale of 420 fs.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectSolar cells
Polymers
Time-resolved spectroscopy
Charge exchange
Dye-sensitized solar cells
Dept/ProgramChemistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206455

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorChan, WK-
dc.contributor.advisorPhillips, DL-
dc.contributor.authorYu, Lihong-
dc.contributor.author于利红-
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-31T23:15:56Z-
dc.date.available2014-10-31T23:15:56Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationYu, L. [于利红]. (2014). Electron transfer study for selected dye sensitized solar cell and polymer solar cell by time-resolved spectroscopy. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5317042-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/206455-
dc.description.abstractThe pure organic dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were studied and a new organic dye of donor-π-2acceptors (D-π-2A configuration) was fabricated. This dye, denoted as B2, was investigated and applied in DSSCs. Density functional theory (DFT) was used to examine the electronic distribution of the frontier orbitals of the B2 dye. It was found that intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) between the donor moieties and acceptor moieties of the B2 dye may take place under photo irradiation. The LUMO, LUMO+1 and LUMO+2 of B2 are all distributed on the acceptor moieties and this is very helpful to enhance the intramolecular electron transfer from the donor moieties to the acceptor moieties, which will consequently promote the chance of electron injection into the semiconductor. DSSCs based on B2 demonstrated an power conversion efficiency of 3.62 %. This efficiency value is approximately half of the power conversion efficiency of DSSCs based on N719 (7.69 %) under the same conditions. Femtosecond transient absorption and nanosecond transient absorption (TA), and time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) technique were applied to examine the electron transfer processes occurring on the surface of B2/TiO2. B2 dye has life time of the excited states three orders in magnitude shorter than that of N719. The electron injection time from excited B2 to TiO2 is also three orders in magnitude shorter than that from excited N719 to TiO2. It was revealed that the delocalized electrons of π → π* transition for both the B2 dye and the N719 dye could be further guided into the semiconductor, while such injection processes may not happen for the localized electrons in π → π* transition of these dyes. The nanosecond transient absorption and transient emission spectroscopy of the ruthenium bipyridyl sensitizer N719 in different solvents were studied. Three kinds of ZnO nanoparticles were utilized to study the electron transfer process taking place on the interface of N719/ZnO with and without electrolyte by Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC) technique, TA and transient emission spectroscopy. Isopropanol was found to stabilize the singlet excited state of N719 and a related emission band centered at 460 nm was observed in nanosecond time scale. It was revealed that the electrolyte has a significant impact upon the electron transfer dynamics on the N719/ZnO interface. In the absence of electrolyte, the electron transfer process on the N719/ZnO interface is dependent upon the depth of defects in ZnO nanoparticles. Conversely, in the presence of electrolyte, the impact of ZnO defects upon the electron transfer process is eliminated and the effective electron injection happens from the excited states of N719 to ZnO, in spite of the ZnO particle sizes. The polymer based solar cells were studied and a polymer incorporated with a pyrenylcarbazole pendant was synthesized and applied in the functionalization of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) by noncovalent π-π interaction. The polymer/MWCNT hybrids were isolated and examined. The strong interaction between the polymer and MWCNT in a 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE) solution was investigated. The emission spectra demonstrated an effective quenching of emission from the polymer by the MWCNT. DFT calculations showed an electron delocalization phenomenon between the pyrene and carbazole moieties. The LUMO of the polymer is mainly located on the pyrene moiety while the LUMO+1 of the polymer is predominantly positioned on the carbazole moiety. The electronic transition of LUMO+1→LUMO results in intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) from the carbazole moieties to the pyrene moieties. Femtosecond TA determined the characteristic TA feature of the excited states, which are contributed from both the pyrene and carbazole moieties. The excited state lifetime of the polymer was calculated to be 659 ps and the photo excited electrons can inject into the MWCNT very fast on a time scale of 420 fs.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshSolar cells-
dc.subject.lcshPolymers-
dc.subject.lcshTime-resolved spectroscopy-
dc.subject.lcshCharge exchange-
dc.subject.lcshDye-sensitized solar cells-
dc.titleElectron transfer study for selected dye sensitized solar cell and polymer solar cell by time-resolved spectroscopy-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5317042-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineChemistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5317042-

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