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Article: Etiological factors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

TitleEtiological factors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Authors
KeywordsImmune evasion
Stromal inflammation
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Etiology
EBV
Issue Date2014
Citation
Oral Oncology, 2014, v. 50, n. 5, p. 330-338 How to Cite?
AbstractNasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common disease among southern Chinese. The major etiological factors proposed for NPC pathogenesis include genetic susceptibility, environment factors and EBV infection. In the high risk population, genetic susceptibility to NPC has been mapped to the HLA loci and adjacent genes in MHC region on chromosome 6p21. Consumption of preserved food including salted fish has been implicated in its etiology in earlier studies. Its contribution to pathogenesis of NPC remains to be determined. A decreasing trend of NPC incidence was observed in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore in recent years which may be accounted by a change of dietary habits. A comprehensive epidemiological study will help to elucidate the relative importance of various risk factors in the pathogenesis of NPC. Despite the close association of EBV infection with NPC, the etiological role of EBV in NPC pathogenesis remains enigmatic. EBV infection in primary nasopharyngeal epithelial cells is uncommon and difficult to achieve. EBV does not transform primary nasopharyngeal epithelial cells into proliferative clones, which contrasts greatly with the well-documented ability of EBV to transform and immortalize primary B cells. Genetic alterations identified in premalignant nasopharyngeal epithelium may play crucial roles to support stable EBV infection. Subsequently, latent and lytic EBV gene products may drive clonal expansion and transformation of premalignant nasopharyngeal epithelial cells into cancer cells. Stromal inflammation in nasopharyngeal mucosa is believed to play an important role in modulating the growth and possibly drive the malignant transformation of EBV-infected nasopharyngeal epithelial cells. Furthermore, there are increasing evidences supporting a role of EBV infection to evade host immune surveillance. EBV-infected cells may have selective growth advantages in vivo by acquiring a stress-resistance phenotype. Understanding the etiological factors and pathogenesis of NPC will contribute effectively to the prevention and treatment of this disease. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/205805
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.286
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.764
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorTsao, Saiwah-
dc.contributor.authorYip, Yimling-
dc.contributor.authorTsang, Chiman-
dc.contributor.authorPang, Peishin-
dc.contributor.authorLau, Victoria Ming Yi-
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Guitao-
dc.contributor.authorLo, K. W.-
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-06T08:02:23Z-
dc.date.available2014-10-06T08:02:23Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationOral Oncology, 2014, v. 50, n. 5, p. 330-338-
dc.identifier.issn1368-8375-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/205805-
dc.description.abstractNasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common disease among southern Chinese. The major etiological factors proposed for NPC pathogenesis include genetic susceptibility, environment factors and EBV infection. In the high risk population, genetic susceptibility to NPC has been mapped to the HLA loci and adjacent genes in MHC region on chromosome 6p21. Consumption of preserved food including salted fish has been implicated in its etiology in earlier studies. Its contribution to pathogenesis of NPC remains to be determined. A decreasing trend of NPC incidence was observed in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore in recent years which may be accounted by a change of dietary habits. A comprehensive epidemiological study will help to elucidate the relative importance of various risk factors in the pathogenesis of NPC. Despite the close association of EBV infection with NPC, the etiological role of EBV in NPC pathogenesis remains enigmatic. EBV infection in primary nasopharyngeal epithelial cells is uncommon and difficult to achieve. EBV does not transform primary nasopharyngeal epithelial cells into proliferative clones, which contrasts greatly with the well-documented ability of EBV to transform and immortalize primary B cells. Genetic alterations identified in premalignant nasopharyngeal epithelium may play crucial roles to support stable EBV infection. Subsequently, latent and lytic EBV gene products may drive clonal expansion and transformation of premalignant nasopharyngeal epithelial cells into cancer cells. Stromal inflammation in nasopharyngeal mucosa is believed to play an important role in modulating the growth and possibly drive the malignant transformation of EBV-infected nasopharyngeal epithelial cells. Furthermore, there are increasing evidences supporting a role of EBV infection to evade host immune surveillance. EBV-infected cells may have selective growth advantages in vivo by acquiring a stress-resistance phenotype. Understanding the etiological factors and pathogenesis of NPC will contribute effectively to the prevention and treatment of this disease. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofOral Oncology-
dc.subjectImmune evasion-
dc.subjectStromal inflammation-
dc.subjectNasopharyngeal carcinoma-
dc.subjectEtiology-
dc.subjectEBV-
dc.titleEtiological factors of nasopharyngeal carcinoma-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.oraloncology.2014.02.006-
dc.identifier.pmid24630258-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84898809334-
dc.identifier.hkuros230731-
dc.identifier.volume50-
dc.identifier.issue5-
dc.identifier.spage330-
dc.identifier.epage338-
dc.identifier.eissn1879-0593-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000334583600004-

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