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Article: Developing human capital and research capacity: Science policies promoting brain gain

TitleDeveloping human capital and research capacity: Science policies promoting brain gain
Authors
KeywordsHuman capital
Advanced training
Higher education system and reform
Brain gain
Science policy
Research system
Issue Date2014
Citation
Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2014, v. 82, n. 1, p. 6-22 How to Cite?
AbstractScience policies emphasizing the advanced qualification of human resources, together with democratizing access to science and internationalizing the science base, are shown to help build the conditions needed to drive brain gain over time.Exploring a new set of data for the period 1970-2010 in Portugal, this paper focuses on the analysis of flows of doctorates, with the ultimate goal of helping to promote the absorptive capacity that emerging regions and countries worldwide need to acquire to learn how to use science for economic and social development. It shows a notable process of brain gain by the end of this period and, above all, it provides a dynamic approach to the cumulative process of building knowledge-based societies. The results show the need to consider the co-evolution of brain gain, brain drain and brain circulation over time and space. In addition, they suggest the importance of certain major counter-intuitive policy instruments to facilitate the co-evolution of human capital formation and research capacity building. In the case of Portugal, these instruments have included a centralized program of research grants, research careers independent of traditional academic career tracks, and a diversified system of funding research units and institutions based on research assessments through international peer reviews. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/205803
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 2.678
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.348
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHeitor, Manuel V.-
dc.contributor.authorHorta, Hugo-
dc.contributor.authorMendonça, Joana-
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-06T08:02:23Z-
dc.date.available2014-10-06T08:02:23Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationTechnological Forecasting and Social Change, 2014, v. 82, n. 1, p. 6-22-
dc.identifier.issn0040-1625-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/205803-
dc.description.abstractScience policies emphasizing the advanced qualification of human resources, together with democratizing access to science and internationalizing the science base, are shown to help build the conditions needed to drive brain gain over time.Exploring a new set of data for the period 1970-2010 in Portugal, this paper focuses on the analysis of flows of doctorates, with the ultimate goal of helping to promote the absorptive capacity that emerging regions and countries worldwide need to acquire to learn how to use science for economic and social development. It shows a notable process of brain gain by the end of this period and, above all, it provides a dynamic approach to the cumulative process of building knowledge-based societies. The results show the need to consider the co-evolution of brain gain, brain drain and brain circulation over time and space. In addition, they suggest the importance of certain major counter-intuitive policy instruments to facilitate the co-evolution of human capital formation and research capacity building. In the case of Portugal, these instruments have included a centralized program of research grants, research careers independent of traditional academic career tracks, and a diversified system of funding research units and institutions based on research assessments through international peer reviews. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofTechnological Forecasting and Social Change-
dc.subjectHuman capital-
dc.subjectAdvanced training-
dc.subjectHigher education system and reform-
dc.subjectBrain gain-
dc.subjectScience policy-
dc.subjectResearch system-
dc.titleDeveloping human capital and research capacity: Science policies promoting brain gain-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.techfore.2013.07.008-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84895033430-
dc.identifier.volume82-
dc.identifier.issue1-
dc.identifier.spage6-
dc.identifier.epage22-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000331852800002-

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