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Conference Paper: Regulatory role of perineuronal nets and semaphorin3A in the developmental maturation of the central vestibular circuitry

TitleRegulatory role of perineuronal nets and semaphorin3A in the developmental maturation of the central vestibular circuitry
Authors
Issue Date2014
PublisherFederation of European Neuroscience Societies
Citation
The 9th Forum of Neuroscience of the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS), Milan, Italy, 5-9 July 2014. How to Cite?
AbstractDuring the formative period of neural circuits, perineuronal nets (PN) are established to restrict plasticity of the circuit. The emergence of negative geotaxis with postnatal maturation of the vestibular circuitry for gravity detection offers a behavioral readout in tests for roles of PN in vestibular plasticity. Using rats as model, we observed that negative geotaxis was mature by postnatal day (P) 9, in correlation with consolidation of PN around GABAergic neurons in the vestibular nucleus (VN). Treatment of the VN at P6 with chondroitinase ABC (ChABC) cleaved chondroitin sulfate (CS) moieties of PN and delayed emergence of negative geotaxis to P13. Delay to P13 was also observed following the treatment of the VN with a GABAA receptor antagonist, reinforcing GABAergic transmission as regulated by perineuronal CS is a crucial step for the maturation of negative geotaxis. Throughout postnatal development of the VN, CS moieties of PN colocalized with semaphoring 3A (Sema3A), a secreted glycoprotein that regulates neuronal polarization. The expression of Sema3A in VN neurons was confirmed by in-situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. In addition, Sema3A regulated the dendrite growth pattern of GABAergic neurons in VN. We infer the morphological changes of the dendritic arbor can contribute to the vestibular plasticity. Our results suggest that, as the VN circuitry undergoes maturation, perineuronal CS moieties retain Sema3A and limit the participation of Sema3A in the modulation of morphological and functional properties of GABAergic interneurons in the VN, thereby contributing to the hardwiring of the central pathway for vestibular behavior.
DescriptionPoster Session A19 - Axon and dendrite development - Dendritic growth and branching: abstract no. FENS-0679
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/203809

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorKwan, PYen_US
dc.contributor.authorMa, CWen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, YSen_US
dc.contributor.authorShum, DKYen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-19T16:41:11Z-
dc.date.available2014-09-19T16:41:11Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 9th Forum of Neuroscience of the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS), Milan, Italy, 5-9 July 2014.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/203809-
dc.descriptionPoster Session A19 - Axon and dendrite development - Dendritic growth and branching: abstract no. FENS-0679-
dc.description.abstractDuring the formative period of neural circuits, perineuronal nets (PN) are established to restrict plasticity of the circuit. The emergence of negative geotaxis with postnatal maturation of the vestibular circuitry for gravity detection offers a behavioral readout in tests for roles of PN in vestibular plasticity. Using rats as model, we observed that negative geotaxis was mature by postnatal day (P) 9, in correlation with consolidation of PN around GABAergic neurons in the vestibular nucleus (VN). Treatment of the VN at P6 with chondroitinase ABC (ChABC) cleaved chondroitin sulfate (CS) moieties of PN and delayed emergence of negative geotaxis to P13. Delay to P13 was also observed following the treatment of the VN with a GABAA receptor antagonist, reinforcing GABAergic transmission as regulated by perineuronal CS is a crucial step for the maturation of negative geotaxis. Throughout postnatal development of the VN, CS moieties of PN colocalized with semaphoring 3A (Sema3A), a secreted glycoprotein that regulates neuronal polarization. The expression of Sema3A in VN neurons was confirmed by in-situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. In addition, Sema3A regulated the dendrite growth pattern of GABAergic neurons in VN. We infer the morphological changes of the dendritic arbor can contribute to the vestibular plasticity. Our results suggest that, as the VN circuitry undergoes maturation, perineuronal CS moieties retain Sema3A and limit the participation of Sema3A in the modulation of morphological and functional properties of GABAergic interneurons in the VN, thereby contributing to the hardwiring of the central pathway for vestibular behavior.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherFederation of European Neuroscience Societies-
dc.relation.ispartof9th FENS Forum of Neuroscience 2014en_US
dc.titleRegulatory role of perineuronal nets and semaphorin3A in the developmental maturation of the central vestibular circuitryen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailMa, CW: cwma2010@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailChan, YS: yschan@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailShum, DKY: shumdkhk@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.description.naturelink_to_OA_fulltext-
dc.identifier.hkuros238249en_US

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