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Article: A short message service (SMS) intervention to prevent diabetes in Chinese professional drivers with pre-diabetes: A pilot single-blinded randomized controlled trial

TitleA short message service (SMS) intervention to prevent diabetes in Chinese professional drivers with pre-diabetes: A pilot single-blinded randomized controlled trial
Authors
KeywordsPre-diabetes
Chinese
Cellular phone
Drivers
Diabetes
Short-message service
Issue Date2013
Citation
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 2013, v. 102, n. 3, p. 158-166 How to Cite?
AbstractAim: To determine the efficacy of delivering short-message service (SMS) to provide diabetes-related information in reducing the risk of developing diabetes in Chinese professional drivers with pre-diabetes. Methods: A pilot single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted in Hong Kong between 05/2009 and 04/2012. Professional drivers with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were randomly allocated to either a SMS group receiving messages comprising knowledge and lifestyle modification on diabetes or to a control group with usual care. Primary outcomes were the incidence rate of diabetes mellitus over 12 and 24 months period. Results: Fifty-four, out of 104 professional drivers recruited, were randomly allocated to intervention group. Fewer subjects developed diabetes at 12 months in intervention group (5.56%) compared to control group (16.00%). Relative risk (RR) of diabetes onset was 0.35 (95%CI: 0.10-1.24) and the number needed to treat (NNT) for preventing one diabetes was 9.57. At 24 months, RR increased to 0.62 (95%CI: 0.24-1.61) with a NNT of 10.58. Logistic regression showed a significant odds ratio of 0.04 (P= 0.021) for intervention group compared to control group at 12-month follow-up for completers and a non-significant odds ratio of 0.34 (P= 0.303) at 24-month follow-up. Conclusions: The SMS program proved to have potential to reduce the risk of developing diabetes at 12 months but additional measures should be integrated to prevent or delay disease progression. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/202177
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 3.045
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.338
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWong, Carlos K. H.-
dc.contributor.authorFung, Colman S C-
dc.contributor.authorSiu, Shingchung-
dc.contributor.authorLo, Yvonne-
dc.contributor.authorWong, Kawai-
dc.contributor.authorFong, Daniel Y T-
dc.contributor.authorLam, Cindy Lo Kuen-
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-22T02:57:46Z-
dc.date.available2014-08-22T02:57:46Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 2013, v. 102, n. 3, p. 158-166-
dc.identifier.issn0168-8227-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/202177-
dc.description.abstractAim: To determine the efficacy of delivering short-message service (SMS) to provide diabetes-related information in reducing the risk of developing diabetes in Chinese professional drivers with pre-diabetes. Methods: A pilot single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted in Hong Kong between 05/2009 and 04/2012. Professional drivers with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were randomly allocated to either a SMS group receiving messages comprising knowledge and lifestyle modification on diabetes or to a control group with usual care. Primary outcomes were the incidence rate of diabetes mellitus over 12 and 24 months period. Results: Fifty-four, out of 104 professional drivers recruited, were randomly allocated to intervention group. Fewer subjects developed diabetes at 12 months in intervention group (5.56%) compared to control group (16.00%). Relative risk (RR) of diabetes onset was 0.35 (95%CI: 0.10-1.24) and the number needed to treat (NNT) for preventing one diabetes was 9.57. At 24 months, RR increased to 0.62 (95%CI: 0.24-1.61) with a NNT of 10.58. Logistic regression showed a significant odds ratio of 0.04 (P= 0.021) for intervention group compared to control group at 12-month follow-up for completers and a non-significant odds ratio of 0.34 (P= 0.303) at 24-month follow-up. Conclusions: The SMS program proved to have potential to reduce the risk of developing diabetes at 12 months but additional measures should be integrated to prevent or delay disease progression. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice-
dc.subjectPre-diabetes-
dc.subjectChinese-
dc.subjectCellular phone-
dc.subjectDrivers-
dc.subjectDiabetes-
dc.subjectShort-message service-
dc.titleA short message service (SMS) intervention to prevent diabetes in Chinese professional drivers with pre-diabetes: A pilot single-blinded randomized controlled trial-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.diabres.2013.10.002-
dc.identifier.pmid24466598-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84889601110-
dc.identifier.hkuros226794-
dc.identifier.volume102-
dc.identifier.issue3-
dc.identifier.spage158-
dc.identifier.epage166-
dc.identifier.eissn1872-8227-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000328488100004-

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