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Article: What Happens If We Compare Chopsticks With Forks? The Impact of Making Inappropriate Comparisons in Cross-Cultural Research

TitleWhat Happens If We Compare Chopsticks With Forks? The Impact of Making Inappropriate Comparisons in Cross-Cultural Research
Authors
Keywordsbias in regression slopes and means
self-esteem
measurement invariance
cross-cultural comparison
construct equivalence
Issue Date2008
Citation
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2008, v. 95, n. 5, p. 1005-1018 How to Cite?
AbstractIt is a common practice to export instruments developed in one culture to another. Little is known about the consequences of making inappropriate comparisons in cross-cultural research. Several studies were conducted to fill in this gap. Study 1 examined the impact of lacking factor loading invariance on regression slope comparisons. When factor loadings of a predictor are higher in the reference group (e.g., United States), for which the scale was developed, than in the focal group (e.g., China), into which the scale was imported, the predictive relationship (e.g., self-esteem predicting life satisfaction) is artificially stronger in the reference group but weaker in the focal group, creating a bogus interaction effect of predictor by group (e.g., self-esteem by culture); the opposite pattern is found when the reference group has higher loadings in an outcome variable. Studies 2 and 3 examined the impact of lacking loading and intercept (i.e., point of origin) invariance on factor means, respectively. When the reference group has higher loadings or intercepts, the mean is overestimated in that group but underestimated in the focal group, resulting in a pseudo group difference. © 2008 American Psychological Association.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/202139
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.736
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 5.040
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChen, Fangfang-
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-22T02:57:43Z-
dc.date.available2014-08-22T02:57:43Z-
dc.date.issued2008-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2008, v. 95, n. 5, p. 1005-1018-
dc.identifier.issn0022-3514-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/202139-
dc.description.abstractIt is a common practice to export instruments developed in one culture to another. Little is known about the consequences of making inappropriate comparisons in cross-cultural research. Several studies were conducted to fill in this gap. Study 1 examined the impact of lacking factor loading invariance on regression slope comparisons. When factor loadings of a predictor are higher in the reference group (e.g., United States), for which the scale was developed, than in the focal group (e.g., China), into which the scale was imported, the predictive relationship (e.g., self-esteem predicting life satisfaction) is artificially stronger in the reference group but weaker in the focal group, creating a bogus interaction effect of predictor by group (e.g., self-esteem by culture); the opposite pattern is found when the reference group has higher loadings in an outcome variable. Studies 2 and 3 examined the impact of lacking loading and intercept (i.e., point of origin) invariance on factor means, respectively. When the reference group has higher loadings or intercepts, the mean is overestimated in that group but underestimated in the focal group, resulting in a pseudo group difference. © 2008 American Psychological Association.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Personality and Social Psychology-
dc.subjectbias in regression slopes and means-
dc.subjectself-esteem-
dc.subjectmeasurement invariance-
dc.subjectcross-cultural comparison-
dc.subjectconstruct equivalence-
dc.titleWhat Happens If We Compare Chopsticks With Forks? The Impact of Making Inappropriate Comparisons in Cross-Cultural Research-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.description.naturelink_to_subscribed_fulltext-
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/a0013193-
dc.identifier.pmid18954190-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-56349088295-
dc.identifier.volume95-
dc.identifier.issue5-
dc.identifier.spage1005-
dc.identifier.epage1018-
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000260312500001-

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