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Article: Symmetry energy II: Isobaric analog states
Title | Symmetry energy II: Isobaric analog states |
---|---|
Authors | |
Keywords | Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model Binding formula Hohenberg-Kohn functional Isobaric analog state Nuclear matter Symmetry energy |
Issue Date | 2014 |
Citation | Nuclear Physics A, 2014, v. 922, p. 1-70 How to Cite? |
Abstract | Using excitation energies to isobaric analog states (IAS) and charge invariance, we extract nuclear symmetry coefficients, representing a mass formula, on a nucleus-by-nucleus basis. Consistently with charge invariance, the coefficients vary weakly across an isobaric chain. However, they change strongly with nuclear mass and range from a a ~ 10MeV at mass A ~ 10 to a a ~ 22MeV at A ~ 240. Variation with mass can be understood in terms of dependence of nuclear symmetry energy on density and the rise in importance of low densities within nuclear surface in smaller systems. At A ≳ 30, the dependence of coefficients on mass can be well described in terms of a macroscopic volume-surface competition formula with aaV≃33.2MeV and aaS≃10.7MeV. Our further investigation shows, though, that the fitted surface symmetry coefficient likely significantly underestimates that for the limit of half-infinite matter. Following the considerations of a Hohenberg-Kohn functional for nuclear systems, we determine how to find in practice the symmetry coefficient using neutron and proton densities, even when those densities are simultaneously affected by significant symmetry-energy and Coulomb effects. These results facilitate extracting the symmetry coefficients from Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (SHF) calculations, that we carry out using a variety of Skyrme parametrizations in the literature. For the parametrizations, we catalog novel short-wavelength instabilities. In our further analysis, we retain only those parametrizations which yield systems that are adequately stable both in the long- and short-wavelength limits. In comparing the SHF and IAS results for the symmetry coefficients, we arrive at narrow (±2.4MeV) constraints on the symmetry-energy values S(ρ) at 0.04 ≲ ρ ≲ 0.13fm -3. Towards normal density the constraints significantly widen, but the normal value of energy aaV and the slope parameter L are found to be strongly correlated. To narrow the constraints, we reach for the measurements of asymmetry skins and arrive at aaV=30.2-33.7MeV and L = 35-70MeV, with those values being again strongly positively correlated along the diagonal of their combined region. Inclusion of the skin constraints allows to narrow the constraints on S(ρ), at 0.04 ≲ ρ ≲ 0.13fm -3, down to ±1.1MeV. Several microscopic calculations, including variational, Bruckner-Hartree-Fock and Dirac-Bruckner-Hartree-Fock, are consistent with our constraint region on S(ρ). © 2013 Elsevier B.V. |
Persistent Identifier | http://hdl.handle.net/10722/199934 |
ISSN | 2015 Impact Factor: 1.258 2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.004 |
ISI Accession Number ID |
DC Field | Value | Language |
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dc.contributor.author | Danielewicz, Paweł | - |
dc.contributor.author | Lee, Jenny | - |
dc.date.accessioned | 2014-07-26T23:10:56Z | - |
dc.date.available | 2014-07-26T23:10:56Z | - |
dc.date.issued | 2014 | - |
dc.identifier.citation | Nuclear Physics A, 2014, v. 922, p. 1-70 | - |
dc.identifier.issn | 0375-9474 | - |
dc.identifier.uri | http://hdl.handle.net/10722/199934 | - |
dc.description.abstract | Using excitation energies to isobaric analog states (IAS) and charge invariance, we extract nuclear symmetry coefficients, representing a mass formula, on a nucleus-by-nucleus basis. Consistently with charge invariance, the coefficients vary weakly across an isobaric chain. However, they change strongly with nuclear mass and range from a a ~ 10MeV at mass A ~ 10 to a a ~ 22MeV at A ~ 240. Variation with mass can be understood in terms of dependence of nuclear symmetry energy on density and the rise in importance of low densities within nuclear surface in smaller systems. At A ≳ 30, the dependence of coefficients on mass can be well described in terms of a macroscopic volume-surface competition formula with aaV≃33.2MeV and aaS≃10.7MeV. Our further investigation shows, though, that the fitted surface symmetry coefficient likely significantly underestimates that for the limit of half-infinite matter. Following the considerations of a Hohenberg-Kohn functional for nuclear systems, we determine how to find in practice the symmetry coefficient using neutron and proton densities, even when those densities are simultaneously affected by significant symmetry-energy and Coulomb effects. These results facilitate extracting the symmetry coefficients from Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (SHF) calculations, that we carry out using a variety of Skyrme parametrizations in the literature. For the parametrizations, we catalog novel short-wavelength instabilities. In our further analysis, we retain only those parametrizations which yield systems that are adequately stable both in the long- and short-wavelength limits. In comparing the SHF and IAS results for the symmetry coefficients, we arrive at narrow (±2.4MeV) constraints on the symmetry-energy values S(ρ) at 0.04 ≲ ρ ≲ 0.13fm -3. Towards normal density the constraints significantly widen, but the normal value of energy aaV and the slope parameter L are found to be strongly correlated. To narrow the constraints, we reach for the measurements of asymmetry skins and arrive at aaV=30.2-33.7MeV and L = 35-70MeV, with those values being again strongly positively correlated along the diagonal of their combined region. Inclusion of the skin constraints allows to narrow the constraints on S(ρ), at 0.04 ≲ ρ ≲ 0.13fm -3, down to ±1.1MeV. Several microscopic calculations, including variational, Bruckner-Hartree-Fock and Dirac-Bruckner-Hartree-Fock, are consistent with our constraint region on S(ρ). © 2013 Elsevier B.V. | - |
dc.language | eng | - |
dc.relation.ispartof | Nuclear Physics A | - |
dc.subject | Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model | - |
dc.subject | Binding formula | - |
dc.subject | Hohenberg-Kohn functional | - |
dc.subject | Isobaric analog state | - |
dc.subject | Nuclear matter | - |
dc.subject | Symmetry energy | - |
dc.title | Symmetry energy II: Isobaric analog states | - |
dc.type | Article | - |
dc.description.nature | link_to_subscribed_fulltext | - |
dc.identifier.doi | 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.11.005 | - |
dc.identifier.scopus | eid_2-s2.0-84889634481 | - |
dc.identifier.volume | 922 | - |
dc.identifier.spage | 1 | - |
dc.identifier.epage | 70 | - |
dc.identifier.isi | WOS:000331498400001 | - |