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Conference Paper: Clinical, Microbiological, Behavioral Aspects Of Oral Health Among Stroke Patients

TitleClinical, Microbiological, Behavioral Aspects Of Oral Health Among Stroke Patients
Authors
KeywordsBehavioral science
Microbiology
Oral hygiene
Stroke and Systematic review
Issue Date2014
PublisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925
Citation
The 92nd General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), Cape Town, South Africa, 25-28 June 2014. In Journal of Dental Research, 2014, v. 93 n. Special issue B: abstract no. 1187 How to Cite?
AbstractObjective: The objective of this study was to review clinical, microbiological, and immunological aspects of oral health, as well as oral health related behaviors among patients following stroke. Method: A structured search strategy was applied to three electronic databases to identify effective papers. Outcomes regarding tooth condition, periodontal condition, oral hygiene status, and dental attendance were extracted. Comprehensive Mete Analysis 2.0 software was used to pool those outcomes which were suitable for meta-analysis. Narrative summaries of key findings were provided for those outcomes which were not amenable to be synthesized. Result: The initial search yielded 19927 papers, 60 potentially effective studies (Kappa: 0.974) and 23 effective papers (Kappa: 0.965) in accordance with the inclusion criteria. The standardized differences in mean values of the parameters (fixed effect, random effect model) for patients with stroke compared to control groups were: number of remaining teeth (-0.325, -0.271), DMFT index (0.246, 0.246), plaque index (0.305, 0.356), gingival index (0.716, 0.653), periodontal health status- clinical attachment loss (0.437, 0.490) and probing depth (0.470, 0.579). In addition, a lower chance of dental attendance was observed among patients with stroke (odds ratio: 0.493, 0.480). Qualitative assessments were inconclusive. Conclusion: There is an increasing interest in oral health of patients with stroke. Patients with stroke had a poorer clinical oral health status across a range of parameters (tooth loss, dental caries experience, and periodontal status). Coupled with this, their dental attendance was less frequent. Further studies employing standardized assessments of oral health/oral health behaviors are needed to confirm these oral health disparities. This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: This study was supported by General Research Fund, Hong Kong (Project number 774012)
DescriptionPoster Presentation
Session 162: Dental Public Health - Dental Care Access and Delivery System
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/199333
ISSN
2015 Impact Factor: 4.602
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.714

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDai, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, CPJen_US
dc.contributor.authorLam, OLTen_US
dc.contributor.authorLo, ECMen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, LSWen_US
dc.contributor.authorWen, Yen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-22T01:13:40Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-22T01:13:40Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 92nd General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), Cape Town, South Africa, 25-28 June 2014. In Journal of Dental Research, 2014, v. 93 n. Special issue B: abstract no. 1187en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0345-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/199333-
dc.descriptionPoster Presentation-
dc.descriptionSession 162: Dental Public Health - Dental Care Access and Delivery System-
dc.description.abstractObjective: The objective of this study was to review clinical, microbiological, and immunological aspects of oral health, as well as oral health related behaviors among patients following stroke. Method: A structured search strategy was applied to three electronic databases to identify effective papers. Outcomes regarding tooth condition, periodontal condition, oral hygiene status, and dental attendance were extracted. Comprehensive Mete Analysis 2.0 software was used to pool those outcomes which were suitable for meta-analysis. Narrative summaries of key findings were provided for those outcomes which were not amenable to be synthesized. Result: The initial search yielded 19927 papers, 60 potentially effective studies (Kappa: 0.974) and 23 effective papers (Kappa: 0.965) in accordance with the inclusion criteria. The standardized differences in mean values of the parameters (fixed effect, random effect model) for patients with stroke compared to control groups were: number of remaining teeth (-0.325, -0.271), DMFT index (0.246, 0.246), plaque index (0.305, 0.356), gingival index (0.716, 0.653), periodontal health status- clinical attachment loss (0.437, 0.490) and probing depth (0.470, 0.579). In addition, a lower chance of dental attendance was observed among patients with stroke (odds ratio: 0.493, 0.480). Qualitative assessments were inconclusive. Conclusion: There is an increasing interest in oral health of patients with stroke. Patients with stroke had a poorer clinical oral health status across a range of parameters (tooth loss, dental caries experience, and periodontal status). Coupled with this, their dental attendance was less frequent. Further studies employing standardized assessments of oral health/oral health behaviors are needed to confirm these oral health disparities. This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source: This study was supported by General Research Fund, Hong Kong (Project number 774012)-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publications, Inc. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.sagepub.com/journalsProdDesc.nav?prodId=Journal201925-
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Dental Researchen_US
dc.rightsJournal of Dental Research. Copyright © Sage Publications, Inc.-
dc.subjectBehavioral science-
dc.subjectMicrobiology-
dc.subjectOral hygiene-
dc.subjectStroke and Systematic review-
dc.titleClinical, Microbiological, Behavioral Aspects Of Oral Health Among Stroke Patientsen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, CPJ: mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLam, OLT: ottolam@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailLo, ECM: edward-lo@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, CPJ=rp00037en_US
dc.identifier.authorityLam, OLT=rp01567en_US
dc.identifier.authorityLo, ECM=rp00015en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros231072en_US
dc.identifier.volume93en_US
dc.identifier.issueSpecial issue B: abstract no. 1187en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited States-

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