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Article: Improvement in Oral Health-related Quality of Life after Endodontic Treatment: A Prospective Longitudinal Study

TitleImprovement in Oral Health-related Quality of Life after Endodontic Treatment: A Prospective Longitudinal Study
Authors
KeywordsLongitudinal study
oral health
Oral Health Impact Profile
root canal therapy
Issue Date2014
Citation
Journal of Endodontics, 2014, v. 40 n. 6, p. 805-810 How to Cite?
AbstractIntroduction To date, evidence of the effectiveness of endodontic treatment and criteria of success have mainly been considered in terms of clinical outcome, and there is a lack of information of treatment outcomes from patients' perspectives. This study aimed to assess changes in quality of life after endodontic treatment and to determine if changes in quality of life were associated with changes in patient-perceived oral health and clinical assessments of success. Methods This longitudinal study involved 279 subjects. Patient-reported outcome measures based on oral health-related quality of life was assessed using the short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The patients completed the assessments before endodontic treatment and 1 month and 6 months after root canal obturation. A global oral health transition assessment was ascertained by a single (global) item rating of oral health improvement and clinical assessment mainly based on the Periapical Index (PAI) of periapical radiographs. Results There were significant changes in OHIP-14 scores over the study period after conventional orthograde endodontic treatment (from pretreatment-6 months postobturation) (P <.001). The magnitude of statistical change (effect size) was moderate (0.61) in the short-term (after 1 month) and large (0.71) in the longer-term (after 6 months). Changes in the OHIP-14 was associated with changes in patient self-rating oral health status (P <.001), which was also associated with changes in PAI scores (P <.05). Conclusions Endodontic treatment improves quality of life. The OHIP-14 measure is both sensitive and responsive to endodontic treatment and is likely to be useful in understanding patients' perspectives of outcomes from endodontic care. © 2014 American Association of Endodontists.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/198967
ISSN
2017 Impact Factor: 2.886
2015 SCImago Journal Rankings: 1.681
ISI Accession Number ID

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, CPJen_US
dc.contributor.authorCheung, GSPen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-22T00:57:56Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-22T00:57:56Z-
dc.date.issued2014en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Endodontics, 2014, v. 40 n. 6, p. 805-810en_US
dc.identifier.issn0099-2399-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/198967-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction To date, evidence of the effectiveness of endodontic treatment and criteria of success have mainly been considered in terms of clinical outcome, and there is a lack of information of treatment outcomes from patients' perspectives. This study aimed to assess changes in quality of life after endodontic treatment and to determine if changes in quality of life were associated with changes in patient-perceived oral health and clinical assessments of success. Methods This longitudinal study involved 279 subjects. Patient-reported outcome measures based on oral health-related quality of life was assessed using the short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The patients completed the assessments before endodontic treatment and 1 month and 6 months after root canal obturation. A global oral health transition assessment was ascertained by a single (global) item rating of oral health improvement and clinical assessment mainly based on the Periapical Index (PAI) of periapical radiographs. Results There were significant changes in OHIP-14 scores over the study period after conventional orthograde endodontic treatment (from pretreatment-6 months postobturation) (P <.001). The magnitude of statistical change (effect size) was moderate (0.61) in the short-term (after 1 month) and large (0.71) in the longer-term (after 6 months). Changes in the OHIP-14 was associated with changes in patient self-rating oral health status (P <.001), which was also associated with changes in PAI scores (P <.05). Conclusions Endodontic treatment improves quality of life. The OHIP-14 measure is both sensitive and responsive to endodontic treatment and is likely to be useful in understanding patients' perspectives of outcomes from endodontic care. © 2014 American Association of Endodontists.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Endodonticsen_US
dc.subjectLongitudinal study-
dc.subjectoral health-
dc.subjectOral Health Impact Profile-
dc.subjectroot canal therapy-
dc.titleImprovement in Oral Health-related Quality of Life after Endodontic Treatment: A Prospective Longitudinal Studyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.emailMcGrath, CPJ: mcgrathc@hkucc.hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.emailCheung, GSP: spcheung@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityMcGrath, CPJ=rp00037en_US
dc.identifier.authorityCheung, GSP=rp00016en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.joen.2014.02.008en_US
dc.identifier.pmid24862707-
dc.identifier.scopuseid_2-s2.0-84901602248-
dc.identifier.hkuros230856en_US
dc.identifier.volume40en_US
dc.identifier.issue6en_US
dc.identifier.spage805en_US
dc.identifier.epage810en_US
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000337198300007-

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