File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Neuroprotection of melatonin and/or electro-acupuncture in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia

TitleNeuroprotection of melatonin and/or electro-acupuncture in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia
Authors
Issue Date2012
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Liu, L. [刘灵光]. (2012). Neuroprotection of melatonin and/or electro-acupuncture in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5089944
AbstractStroke is a serious cerebral vascular event and a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and ischemic stroke is the most common type. Evidence from animal research in acute cerebral ischemia shows that a combination of neuroprotectants might be more efficacious than the single agent given individually. Both melatonin and electro-acupuncture (EA) have been suggested to be effective treatments against cerebral ischemia. However, it is unknown whether a combination of these two therapies could be beneficial against focal cerebral ischemia. In the first study, the effect of post-treatment with a combination of melatonin and EA on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), neurological deficit score and infarct volume was investigated in both permanent and transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models in rats. When compared with the single treatment of melatonin or EA, the combination therapy resulted in a significant improvement of neurological function and a dramatic reduction of infarct volume at 72 hr after transient MCAO. A significant upregulatory effect on rCBF has been exerted by the combined treatment. The effect of a combination of melatonin and EA on inflammatory reaction was investigated in the second study. Post-treatment of the combination therapy effectively inhibited neutrophil infiltration as well as the expression of some pro-inflammatory mediators, and increased the anti-inflammatory protein expression at 72 hr after transient MCAO. This beneficial effect may be due to the respective anti-inflammatory effects of melatonin and EA. In the third study, the effect of a combination of melatonin and EA on apoptosis was examined. When compared with the EA treatment alone, post-treatment of the combination therapy exerted a greater inhibitory effect on tissue apoptosis and expression of the pro-apoptotic proteins as well as an upregulatory effect on the anti-apoptotic protein expression. In the fourth study, the effect of continuous post-treatment of a combination of melatonin and EA on transient MCAO was investigated. The combination treatment significantly improved neurological function and decreased infarct volume at 7 days after transient MCAO. Cell proliferation and expression of the neurotrophic factor were increased by the combined treatment. The effect of pretreatment with a combination of melatonin and EA was examined in the fifth study. Neurological function was improved and infarct volume was reduced by the combination pretreatment at 24 hr after transient MCAO. The inflammatory and apoptotic reaction were inhibited by the combined pretreatment through the modulatory effect of the related proteins. In summary, our results show that, when compared with the single treatment of either melatonin or EA, post-treatment with a combination of melatonin and EA induced a complementary neuroprotective effect on improvement of neurological function and a dramatic reduction of infarct volume after transient MCAO. The complementary protection may be partially mediated via anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis after transient cerebral ischemia. Pretreatment with a combination of melatonin and EA may be more effective in preventing ischemic brain injury after transient focal cerebral ischemia.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectElectroacupuncture
Cerebral ischemia - Animal models
Melatonin
Dept/ProgramMedicine
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/198928

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Lingguang-
dc.contributor.author刘灵光-
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-18T23:11:57Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-18T23:11:57Z-
dc.date.issued2012-
dc.identifier.citationLiu, L. [刘灵光]. (2012). Neuroprotection of melatonin and/or electro-acupuncture in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5089944-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/198928-
dc.description.abstractStroke is a serious cerebral vascular event and a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and ischemic stroke is the most common type. Evidence from animal research in acute cerebral ischemia shows that a combination of neuroprotectants might be more efficacious than the single agent given individually. Both melatonin and electro-acupuncture (EA) have been suggested to be effective treatments against cerebral ischemia. However, it is unknown whether a combination of these two therapies could be beneficial against focal cerebral ischemia. In the first study, the effect of post-treatment with a combination of melatonin and EA on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), neurological deficit score and infarct volume was investigated in both permanent and transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models in rats. When compared with the single treatment of melatonin or EA, the combination therapy resulted in a significant improvement of neurological function and a dramatic reduction of infarct volume at 72 hr after transient MCAO. A significant upregulatory effect on rCBF has been exerted by the combined treatment. The effect of a combination of melatonin and EA on inflammatory reaction was investigated in the second study. Post-treatment of the combination therapy effectively inhibited neutrophil infiltration as well as the expression of some pro-inflammatory mediators, and increased the anti-inflammatory protein expression at 72 hr after transient MCAO. This beneficial effect may be due to the respective anti-inflammatory effects of melatonin and EA. In the third study, the effect of a combination of melatonin and EA on apoptosis was examined. When compared with the EA treatment alone, post-treatment of the combination therapy exerted a greater inhibitory effect on tissue apoptosis and expression of the pro-apoptotic proteins as well as an upregulatory effect on the anti-apoptotic protein expression. In the fourth study, the effect of continuous post-treatment of a combination of melatonin and EA on transient MCAO was investigated. The combination treatment significantly improved neurological function and decreased infarct volume at 7 days after transient MCAO. Cell proliferation and expression of the neurotrophic factor were increased by the combined treatment. The effect of pretreatment with a combination of melatonin and EA was examined in the fifth study. Neurological function was improved and infarct volume was reduced by the combination pretreatment at 24 hr after transient MCAO. The inflammatory and apoptotic reaction were inhibited by the combined pretreatment through the modulatory effect of the related proteins. In summary, our results show that, when compared with the single treatment of either melatonin or EA, post-treatment with a combination of melatonin and EA induced a complementary neuroprotective effect on improvement of neurological function and a dramatic reduction of infarct volume after transient MCAO. The complementary protection may be partially mediated via anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis after transient cerebral ischemia. Pretreatment with a combination of melatonin and EA may be more effective in preventing ischemic brain injury after transient focal cerebral ischemia.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshElectroacupuncture-
dc.subject.lcshCerebral ischemia - Animal models-
dc.subject.lcshMelatonin-
dc.titleNeuroprotection of melatonin and/or electro-acupuncture in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5089944-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5089944-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats