File Download
  Links for fulltext
     (May Require Subscription)
Supplementary

postgraduate thesis: Role of secretin in lipid homeostasis

TitleRole of secretin in lipid homeostasis
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Chow, BKC
Issue Date2014
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Sekar, R.. (2014). Role of secretin in lipid homeostasis. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5204916
AbstractSecretin, the first hormone commencing the field of endocrinology, has been studied for its pleiotropic role in the body inclusive of its neuroactive and body water homeostatic and gastrointestinal functions. Yet, the metabolic effect of secretin remains elusive and is being proposed recently for a revisit. Recent discovery from our lab showed an anorectic response for secretin, while its role in lipid homeostasis remains largely unexplored. Exerting functions such as exocrine pancreatic secretion and gastric motility inhibition, intestinal fatty acid induced release of secretin was recently shown to be mediated by CD36. Fasting related increase in plasma secretin concentration has been proposed to be involved in lipolysis but evidences regarding lipolytic actions of secretin remain contradictory. Recent report has suggested that secretin stimulates both lipolysis and lipogenesis in adipose cells. Thus, we hypothesize that secretin modulates lipid homeostasis, which was examined under two opposite, energy deficient and energy excess, conditions. Under energy deficient/starved state, secretin level in circulation and secretin receptor level in epididymal adipose tissue were found to be upregulated. Using secretin receptor knockout (SCTR-/-) and secretin knockout (SCT-/-) mice as controls, it was found that secretin stimulated a dose- and time-dependent lipolysis in vitro and acute lipolysis in vivo. H-89, a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, attenuated the lipolytic effects of secretin in vitro, while secretin induced an increase in cAMP dependent PKA activity in vivo. Using western blot analysis, secretin was found to phosphorylate hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) at serine residue 660. Additionally, immunofluorescent studies revealed that secretin stimulated translocation of HSL from cytosol to surface of lipid droplet subsequently leading to lipolysis. Under excess energy condition, when SCTR-/- mice and its littermates SCTR+/+ mice were subjected to high fat diet (HFD) feeding for 3 months, it was found that SCTR-/- mice gained lesser weight. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging revealed that SCTR-/- mice exhibited lower body fat content. Additionally, HFD-associated hyperleptinaemia was alleviated in SCTR-/- mice along with metabolic syndrome as they performed better in insulin and glucose tolerance tests. Continuous monitoring by indirect calorimetry revealed similar food intake, energy expenditure and locomotor activity between SCTR-/- and SCTR+/+ mice. Interestingly, intestinal fatty acid absorption, measured by a noninvasive method, was impaired in HFD-fed SCTR-/- mice. While postprandial triglyceride release was reduced in SCTR-/- mice, it also had a significant reduction in transcript and protein levels of CD36 and its downstream mediator MTTP. Secretin, when incubated with isolated enterocytes, upregulated the expression of CD36. In summary, during starvation, secretin stimulates lipolysis through a HSL and PKA mediated pathway. When fed a HFD, SCTR-/- mice is resistant to diet induced obesity due to impaired intestinal lipid absorption. A novel short positive feedback pathway between CD36 and secretin, functioning to maximize lipid absorption, is also being proposed. Thus for the first time, two independent role of secretin in lipolysis and in intestinal lipid absorption were discovered along with their mechanistic insights. This study paves way for developing new therapeutic strategies against metabolic disorders associated with lipid metabolism.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectLipids - Metabolism - Disorders
Secretin
Dept/ProgramBiological Sciences
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/198810

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorChow, BKC-
dc.contributor.authorSekar, Revathi-
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-10T04:10:16Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-10T04:10:16Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationSekar, R.. (2014). Role of secretin in lipid homeostasis. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5204916-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/198810-
dc.description.abstractSecretin, the first hormone commencing the field of endocrinology, has been studied for its pleiotropic role in the body inclusive of its neuroactive and body water homeostatic and gastrointestinal functions. Yet, the metabolic effect of secretin remains elusive and is being proposed recently for a revisit. Recent discovery from our lab showed an anorectic response for secretin, while its role in lipid homeostasis remains largely unexplored. Exerting functions such as exocrine pancreatic secretion and gastric motility inhibition, intestinal fatty acid induced release of secretin was recently shown to be mediated by CD36. Fasting related increase in plasma secretin concentration has been proposed to be involved in lipolysis but evidences regarding lipolytic actions of secretin remain contradictory. Recent report has suggested that secretin stimulates both lipolysis and lipogenesis in adipose cells. Thus, we hypothesize that secretin modulates lipid homeostasis, which was examined under two opposite, energy deficient and energy excess, conditions. Under energy deficient/starved state, secretin level in circulation and secretin receptor level in epididymal adipose tissue were found to be upregulated. Using secretin receptor knockout (SCTR-/-) and secretin knockout (SCT-/-) mice as controls, it was found that secretin stimulated a dose- and time-dependent lipolysis in vitro and acute lipolysis in vivo. H-89, a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, attenuated the lipolytic effects of secretin in vitro, while secretin induced an increase in cAMP dependent PKA activity in vivo. Using western blot analysis, secretin was found to phosphorylate hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) at serine residue 660. Additionally, immunofluorescent studies revealed that secretin stimulated translocation of HSL from cytosol to surface of lipid droplet subsequently leading to lipolysis. Under excess energy condition, when SCTR-/- mice and its littermates SCTR+/+ mice were subjected to high fat diet (HFD) feeding for 3 months, it was found that SCTR-/- mice gained lesser weight. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging revealed that SCTR-/- mice exhibited lower body fat content. Additionally, HFD-associated hyperleptinaemia was alleviated in SCTR-/- mice along with metabolic syndrome as they performed better in insulin and glucose tolerance tests. Continuous monitoring by indirect calorimetry revealed similar food intake, energy expenditure and locomotor activity between SCTR-/- and SCTR+/+ mice. Interestingly, intestinal fatty acid absorption, measured by a noninvasive method, was impaired in HFD-fed SCTR-/- mice. While postprandial triglyceride release was reduced in SCTR-/- mice, it also had a significant reduction in transcript and protein levels of CD36 and its downstream mediator MTTP. Secretin, when incubated with isolated enterocytes, upregulated the expression of CD36. In summary, during starvation, secretin stimulates lipolysis through a HSL and PKA mediated pathway. When fed a HFD, SCTR-/- mice is resistant to diet induced obesity due to impaired intestinal lipid absorption. A novel short positive feedback pathway between CD36 and secretin, functioning to maximize lipid absorption, is also being proposed. Thus for the first time, two independent role of secretin in lipolysis and in intestinal lipid absorption were discovered along with their mechanistic insights. This study paves way for developing new therapeutic strategies against metabolic disorders associated with lipid metabolism.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshLipids - Metabolism - Disorders-
dc.subject.lcshSecretin-
dc.titleRole of secretin in lipid homeostasis-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5204916-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineBiological Sciences-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5204916-

Export via OAI-PMH Interface in XML Formats


OR


Export to Other Non-XML Formats