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postgraduate thesis: Investigation of the lifetime spectrum of monoenergetic positrons in silicon involving secondary electrons emission from a carbon foil as start signal, and positron annihilation spectroscopy studies of strontium titante

TitleInvestigation of the lifetime spectrum of monoenergetic positrons in silicon involving secondary electrons emission from a carbon foil as start signal, and positron annihilation spectroscopy studies of strontium titante
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhang, Y. [張毓]. (2013). Investigation of the lifetime spectrum of monoenergetic positrons in silicon involving secondary electrons emission from a carbon foil as start signal, and positron annihilation spectroscopy studies of strontium titante. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5194741
AbstractA proposed design of the variable energy positron annihilation spectroscopy (VEPALS) system based on secondary electron (SE) emission from a thin carbon foil has been investigated practically. The SE yield and the positron transmission coefficient were investigated as a function of the positron beam energy, the annular electrode potentials, and the column lengths of the annular electrode. The positron lifetime spectra of single crystal p-type silicon(Si) sample under different annular electrode potentials were analyzed. The result gives a supposed annular electrode potential of 1.5 kV. In view of this, the positron lifetime spectra were measured under different positron beam energy by fixing the annular electrode potential. It can be seen that all the spectra have the main p-type Si bulk lifetime component of 234 ps occupying more than 60% intensities. The intensity of the 234 ps component reaches up to 84.5 ±1.3 % when the positron beam energy is 15 keV. Further, the origin of the satellite peaks in the positron lifetime spectra are also investigated. It has been shown that the satellite peaks is attributed to the overflowing positrons on the MCP detector. The single crystal strontium titanate (STO) substrates after vacuum annealing treatment have been investigated in detail by several experimental techniques. The crystallization changes induced by the vacuum annealing were investigated by X-ray diffraction(XRD). Secondary phases were occurred after annealing treatment. The measured X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) at O1s and C1s core levels were analyzed. The additional peaks after annealing are attributed to hydroxyl species, C-OH compounds, and carbonates. The variable energy Doppler broadening spectroscopy (VEDBS) and the traditional coincidence positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) were used to probe defects in STO samples. For long annealing time samples, the S parameters decrease below the reference level. The S-Wplot suggests that almost the same type of vacancy defects were induced during the annealing treatment. The positron lifetime results suggest that the main defects in annealed samples are oxygen monovacancies or divacancies and Sr-O vacancy complexes. The sample with annealing time of 110h has minimum positron effective diffusion length and maximum average lifetime, which is attributed to the increase of the vacancy-type defects during the long annealing treatment.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectPositron annihilation
Electron spectroscopy
Strontium titanate
Dept/ProgramPhysics
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197507

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Yu-
dc.contributor.author張毓-
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-27T23:16:39Z-
dc.date.available2014-05-27T23:16:39Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationZhang, Y. [張毓]. (2013). Investigation of the lifetime spectrum of monoenergetic positrons in silicon involving secondary electrons emission from a carbon foil as start signal, and positron annihilation spectroscopy studies of strontium titante. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5194741-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197507-
dc.description.abstractA proposed design of the variable energy positron annihilation spectroscopy (VEPALS) system based on secondary electron (SE) emission from a thin carbon foil has been investigated practically. The SE yield and the positron transmission coefficient were investigated as a function of the positron beam energy, the annular electrode potentials, and the column lengths of the annular electrode. The positron lifetime spectra of single crystal p-type silicon(Si) sample under different annular electrode potentials were analyzed. The result gives a supposed annular electrode potential of 1.5 kV. In view of this, the positron lifetime spectra were measured under different positron beam energy by fixing the annular electrode potential. It can be seen that all the spectra have the main p-type Si bulk lifetime component of 234 ps occupying more than 60% intensities. The intensity of the 234 ps component reaches up to 84.5 ±1.3 % when the positron beam energy is 15 keV. Further, the origin of the satellite peaks in the positron lifetime spectra are also investigated. It has been shown that the satellite peaks is attributed to the overflowing positrons on the MCP detector. The single crystal strontium titanate (STO) substrates after vacuum annealing treatment have been investigated in detail by several experimental techniques. The crystallization changes induced by the vacuum annealing were investigated by X-ray diffraction(XRD). Secondary phases were occurred after annealing treatment. The measured X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) at O1s and C1s core levels were analyzed. The additional peaks after annealing are attributed to hydroxyl species, C-OH compounds, and carbonates. The variable energy Doppler broadening spectroscopy (VEDBS) and the traditional coincidence positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) were used to probe defects in STO samples. For long annealing time samples, the S parameters decrease below the reference level. The S-Wplot suggests that almost the same type of vacancy defects were induced during the annealing treatment. The positron lifetime results suggest that the main defects in annealed samples are oxygen monovacancies or divacancies and Sr-O vacancy complexes. The sample with annealing time of 110h has minimum positron effective diffusion length and maximum average lifetime, which is attributed to the increase of the vacancy-type defects during the long annealing treatment.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshPositron annihilation-
dc.subject.lcshElectron spectroscopy-
dc.subject.lcshStrontium titanate-
dc.titleInvestigation of the lifetime spectrum of monoenergetic positrons in silicon involving secondary electrons emission from a carbon foil as start signal, and positron annihilation spectroscopy studies of strontium titante-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5194741-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplinePhysics-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5194741-

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