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postgraduate thesis: Absence of Nucks1 enhances mesenchymal stem cells mediated cardiac protection

TitleAbsence of Nucks1 enhances mesenchymal stem cells mediated cardiac protection
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Lian, QTse, HF
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Chiu, S. [趙善明]. (2013). Absence of Nucks1 enhances mesenchymal stem cells mediated cardiac protection. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5186502
AbstractDespite major advances in diagnosis and prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD), the development of therapies to regenerate functional cardiomyocytes after myocardial infarction (MI) is very challenging. Studies have demonstrated that bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) secrete a panel of growth factors and anti-inflammatory cytokines to activate resident cardiomyocytes and cardiac stem cells in myocardial repair after MI. However, the mechanisms of modulating BM-MSC secretions are not well understood. Recently, molecular candidates in regulating BM-MSCs paracrine secretion to improve cardiac protection have been explored. Amongst the molecular candidates, Nuclear casein kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1 (Nucks1) is suggested as a regulatory protein in nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway by interacting with TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1). TBK1 is a non-canonical I kappa B (IκB) kinase that can activate the NF-κB transcription factor and its transcriptional response. NF-κB signaling pathway controls many cellular responses such as cell survival, proliferation and cytokine productions. We hypothesizes Nucks1 may have potential roles in regulating mouse BM-MSCs secretion of growth factors and cytokine profiles in heart repairs after MI. To test our hypothesis, the cardiac protection efficacy of acute infarcted mouse myocardium was measured after the transplantation of WT versus Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs. To this end, we developed a mouse model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) induced by ligation of left descendant coronary artery. Acute infarcted mouse myocardium receiving WT or Nuck1 KO BM-MSCs transplantation, demonstrated a significant improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), ESP, +dP/dt, ESPVR and vessel density, and reduced infarction size in comparison with PBS control group post-4 weeks of transplantation. Furthermore, acute infarcted mouse myocardium receiving Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs transplantation provided better cardioprotective effects than those receiving WT BM-MSCs transplantation. Immunostaining disclosed CD31 and smooth muscle actin (SMA) expression in acute infarcted mouse myocardium receiving Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs were relatively higher than those receiving WT BM-MSCs transplantation. Additionally, a distinct secretion profile of growth factors and cytokines between Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs versus WT BM-MSCs under in vitro ischemia was studied. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor alpha (VEGFα) in Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs under hypoxia/ serum deprivation was significantly higher than that of WT BMMSCs. Taken together, our data suggested BM-MSCs provide cardiac protection in acute infarcted myocardium. Transplantation of Nucks1 KO BMMSCs may further enhance the cardiac repair of the acute infracted myocardium through an induction of VEGFα.
DegreeMaster of Philosophy
SubjectCardiovascular system - Diseases - Treatment
Mesenchymal stem cells
Protein kinases
Dept/ProgramMedicine
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197087

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLian, Q-
dc.contributor.advisorTse, HF-
dc.contributor.authorChiu, Sin-ming-
dc.contributor.author趙善明-
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-07T23:15:25Z-
dc.date.available2014-05-07T23:15:25Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationChiu, S. [趙善明]. (2013). Absence of Nucks1 enhances mesenchymal stem cells mediated cardiac protection. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5186502-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/197087-
dc.description.abstractDespite major advances in diagnosis and prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD), the development of therapies to regenerate functional cardiomyocytes after myocardial infarction (MI) is very challenging. Studies have demonstrated that bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) secrete a panel of growth factors and anti-inflammatory cytokines to activate resident cardiomyocytes and cardiac stem cells in myocardial repair after MI. However, the mechanisms of modulating BM-MSC secretions are not well understood. Recently, molecular candidates in regulating BM-MSCs paracrine secretion to improve cardiac protection have been explored. Amongst the molecular candidates, Nuclear casein kinase and cyclin-dependent kinase substrate 1 (Nucks1) is suggested as a regulatory protein in nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway by interacting with TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1). TBK1 is a non-canonical I kappa B (IκB) kinase that can activate the NF-κB transcription factor and its transcriptional response. NF-κB signaling pathway controls many cellular responses such as cell survival, proliferation and cytokine productions. We hypothesizes Nucks1 may have potential roles in regulating mouse BM-MSCs secretion of growth factors and cytokine profiles in heart repairs after MI. To test our hypothesis, the cardiac protection efficacy of acute infarcted mouse myocardium was measured after the transplantation of WT versus Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs. To this end, we developed a mouse model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) induced by ligation of left descendant coronary artery. Acute infarcted mouse myocardium receiving WT or Nuck1 KO BM-MSCs transplantation, demonstrated a significant improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), ESP, +dP/dt, ESPVR and vessel density, and reduced infarction size in comparison with PBS control group post-4 weeks of transplantation. Furthermore, acute infarcted mouse myocardium receiving Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs transplantation provided better cardioprotective effects than those receiving WT BM-MSCs transplantation. Immunostaining disclosed CD31 and smooth muscle actin (SMA) expression in acute infarcted mouse myocardium receiving Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs were relatively higher than those receiving WT BM-MSCs transplantation. Additionally, a distinct secretion profile of growth factors and cytokines between Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs versus WT BM-MSCs under in vitro ischemia was studied. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor alpha (VEGFα) in Nucks1 KO BM-MSCs under hypoxia/ serum deprivation was significantly higher than that of WT BMMSCs. Taken together, our data suggested BM-MSCs provide cardiac protection in acute infarcted myocardium. Transplantation of Nucks1 KO BMMSCs may further enhance the cardiac repair of the acute infracted myocardium through an induction of VEGFα.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshCardiovascular system - Diseases - Treatment-
dc.subject.lcshMesenchymal stem cells-
dc.subject.lcshProtein kinases-
dc.titleAbsence of Nucks1 enhances mesenchymal stem cells mediated cardiac protection-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5186502-
dc.description.thesisnameMaster of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelMaster-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineMedicine-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5186502-
dc.date.hkucongregation2013-

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