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Book Chapter: Oncofetal Molecules as Biomarkers and Drug Targets for Hepatic Cancer

TitleOncofetal Molecules as Biomarkers and Drug Targets for Hepatic Cancer
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherHumana Press
Citation
Oncofetal Molecules as Biomarkers and Drug Targets for Hepatic Cancer. In Lee, NP ... (et al) (Eds.), New Advances on Disease Biomarkers and Molecular Targets in Biomedicine, p. 57-74. New York: Humana Press, 2013 How to Cite?
AbstractHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major type of liver cancer prevalent in Asia and Africa, with a global increase in numbers in western countries. Despite decades of efforts in improving management of this malignancy, prognosis of patients still remains suboptimal. Frontline surgical treatments and traditional diagnostic methods suffer from own limitations. To alleviate this clinical dismal, research for alternated and supplemental methods are imperative. Different studies have discovered a panel of molecules related to tumorigenesis. Among them, a class of oncofetal molecules, characterized by their abundance in fetal livers and HCC but not in adult healthy livers, seems to serve as biomarkers and therapeutic targets for HCC. Tumorigenesis and embryogenesis share common characteristics and undergo similar processes in terms of proliferation, division, plasticity, motility, and convergence of mechanistic pathways. This chapter reviews several oncofetal molecules of livers including alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), glypican-3 (GPC3), insulin-like growth factor II mRNA binding protein 3 (IMP3), survivin, Golgi protein 73 (GP73), cadherin-17 (CDH17), and granulin-epithelin precursor (GEP) for their diagnostic and prognostic values. In addition, how these molecules can be used for developing therapies for HCC is also discussed. Most of the mentioned oncofetal molecules are found associating with poor disease conditions, while some of them have been studied for their potential capability in treating tumors in preclinical animal models. In summary, oncofetal molecules belong to an emerging class of candidates with potential application in improving current methods of diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of HCC.
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196600
ISBN

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorShek, HPen_US
dc.contributor.authorLai, TCWen_US
dc.contributor.authorFatima, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, NPYen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-22T08:40:41Z-
dc.date.available2014-04-22T08:40:41Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationOncofetal Molecules as Biomarkers and Drug Targets for Hepatic Cancer. In Lee, NP ... (et al) (Eds.), New Advances on Disease Biomarkers and Molecular Targets in Biomedicine, p. 57-74. New York: Humana Press, 2013en_US
dc.identifier.isbn9781627034555en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196600-
dc.description.abstractHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major type of liver cancer prevalent in Asia and Africa, with a global increase in numbers in western countries. Despite decades of efforts in improving management of this malignancy, prognosis of patients still remains suboptimal. Frontline surgical treatments and traditional diagnostic methods suffer from own limitations. To alleviate this clinical dismal, research for alternated and supplemental methods are imperative. Different studies have discovered a panel of molecules related to tumorigenesis. Among them, a class of oncofetal molecules, characterized by their abundance in fetal livers and HCC but not in adult healthy livers, seems to serve as biomarkers and therapeutic targets for HCC. Tumorigenesis and embryogenesis share common characteristics and undergo similar processes in terms of proliferation, division, plasticity, motility, and convergence of mechanistic pathways. This chapter reviews several oncofetal molecules of livers including alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), glypican-3 (GPC3), insulin-like growth factor II mRNA binding protein 3 (IMP3), survivin, Golgi protein 73 (GP73), cadherin-17 (CDH17), and granulin-epithelin precursor (GEP) for their diagnostic and prognostic values. In addition, how these molecules can be used for developing therapies for HCC is also discussed. Most of the mentioned oncofetal molecules are found associating with poor disease conditions, while some of them have been studied for their potential capability in treating tumors in preclinical animal models. In summary, oncofetal molecules belong to an emerging class of candidates with potential application in improving current methods of diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of HCC.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherHumana Pressen_US
dc.relation.ispartofNew Advances on Disease Biomarkers and Molecular Targets in Biomedicineen_US
dc.titleOncofetal Molecules as Biomarkers and Drug Targets for Hepatic Canceren_US
dc.typeBook_Chapteren_US
dc.identifier.emailLee, NPY: nikkilee@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityLee, NPY=rp00263en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/978-1-62703-456-2_4-
dc.identifier.hkuros228556en_US
dc.identifier.spage57-
dc.identifier.epage74-
dc.publisher.placeNew York-

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