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postgraduate thesis: Functional characterization of a sorghum simple extracellular leucine-rich repeat protein and proteomic investigations of lead response in Arabidopsis

TitleFunctional characterization of a sorghum simple extracellular leucine-rich repeat protein and proteomic investigations of lead response in Arabidopsis
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Lo, CSC
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Zhu, F. [朱福远]. (2013). Functional characterization of a sorghum simple extracellular leucine-rich repeat protein and proteomic investigations of lead response in Arabidopsis. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153725
AbstractA sorghum gene SbLRR2, which is predicted to encode a simple extracellular leucine-rich repeat (LRR) protein, was previously isolated among a collection of fungal pathogen-induced sorghum cDNA clones generated by suppression subtractive hybridization. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that they are distinct from the simple extracellular LRR proteins reported previously. Subcellular localization analysis demonstrated that the SbLRR2-EYFP fusion protein was targeted to the extracellular space in tobacco leaf cells. Peptide N-Glycosidase F treatment revealed that the SbLRR2 is N-glycosylated with non-fucosylated oligosaccharides when transiently expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves. Functional analysis was performed in SbLRR2 over-expression (OE) Arabidopsis plants which showed enhanced resistance against the necrotrophic pathogens Botrytis cinerea and Alternaria brassicicola. In addition, the OE lines were found to have elevated expression of several jasmonate acid (JA)-associated genes and higher endogenous JA contents. Hence, the SbLRR2-mediated defense responses in transgenic Arabidopsis are likely to be dependent on JA-signaling through increased JA production. On the other hand, the OE lines remained susceptible to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato as the wild type plants. Consistently, there was no up-regulation of salicylic acid (SA) defense marker gene expression or SA levels in the OE lines. Using yeast two-hybrid analysis, SbLRR2 was further shown to interact with Arabidopsis hypersensitive-induced response protein 1. Such interaction may suppress hypersensitive response which is known to enhance necrotrophic pathogen invasion. These data suggested a positive regulatory role of SbLRR2 in plant defense. Further phenotypic analysis of transgenic SbLRR2 revealed its novel role in enhancing lead [Pb(II)] tolerance in Arabidopsis. OE-lines were showed to alleviate Pb(II)-induced root inhibition, reduce the accumulation of Pb(II), and enhance transcription of AtPDR12 which was previously shown to function as a potential Pb(II) efflux pump contributing to Pb(II) detoxification. However, all the Pb(II) tolerance responses were abolished when SbLRR2 was transformed into the atpdr12 mutant. Meanwhile, the extracellular localization of SbLRR2 was shown to be essential for the enhanced Pb(II) tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. Together, these results indicated that SbLRR2-mediated Pb(II) tolerance was dependent on AtPDR12 via Pb(II) extrusion. Further investigations revealed the Pb(II)-induced transcriptional activation of SbLRR2 and several highly conserved AtPDR12 homologs in sorghum seedlings, suggesting the possibilities of a common molecular mechanism for Pb(II) tolerance in diverse plant species. Finally, an iTRAQ-based LC-MS/MS quantitative proteomics approach was used to investigate of lead responses in Arabidopsis. A total of 114 proteins showed significant changes in protein abundance with 58 up-regulated and 56 down-regulated proteins. Analysis of changes in the protein profile revealed that the photosynthesis, photorespiration and protein biosynthesis in Arabidopsis were inhibited under lead toxicity. On the other hand, abundances of proteins involved in the antioxidant system, glucosinolate-myrosinase system and JA biosynthesis pathway were elevated upon Pb(II) treatment. Further investigation revealed that Pb(II) stress induced a rapid increase of JA contents in Arabidopsis whereas a JA biosynthesis deficient mutant (AOS) showed hypersensitivity to Pb(II) toxicity, strongly implicating a significant role of JA in Pb(II) response.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectSorghum - Genetics
Arabidopsis - Genetics
Dept/ProgramBiological Sciences
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196021
HKU Library Item IDb5153725

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorLo, CSC-
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Fuyuan-
dc.contributor.author朱福远-
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-21T03:50:05Z-
dc.date.available2014-03-21T03:50:05Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationZhu, F. [朱福远]. (2013). Functional characterization of a sorghum simple extracellular leucine-rich repeat protein and proteomic investigations of lead response in Arabidopsis. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153725-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196021-
dc.description.abstractA sorghum gene SbLRR2, which is predicted to encode a simple extracellular leucine-rich repeat (LRR) protein, was previously isolated among a collection of fungal pathogen-induced sorghum cDNA clones generated by suppression subtractive hybridization. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that they are distinct from the simple extracellular LRR proteins reported previously. Subcellular localization analysis demonstrated that the SbLRR2-EYFP fusion protein was targeted to the extracellular space in tobacco leaf cells. Peptide N-Glycosidase F treatment revealed that the SbLRR2 is N-glycosylated with non-fucosylated oligosaccharides when transiently expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves. Functional analysis was performed in SbLRR2 over-expression (OE) Arabidopsis plants which showed enhanced resistance against the necrotrophic pathogens Botrytis cinerea and Alternaria brassicicola. In addition, the OE lines were found to have elevated expression of several jasmonate acid (JA)-associated genes and higher endogenous JA contents. Hence, the SbLRR2-mediated defense responses in transgenic Arabidopsis are likely to be dependent on JA-signaling through increased JA production. On the other hand, the OE lines remained susceptible to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato as the wild type plants. Consistently, there was no up-regulation of salicylic acid (SA) defense marker gene expression or SA levels in the OE lines. Using yeast two-hybrid analysis, SbLRR2 was further shown to interact with Arabidopsis hypersensitive-induced response protein 1. Such interaction may suppress hypersensitive response which is known to enhance necrotrophic pathogen invasion. These data suggested a positive regulatory role of SbLRR2 in plant defense. Further phenotypic analysis of transgenic SbLRR2 revealed its novel role in enhancing lead [Pb(II)] tolerance in Arabidopsis. OE-lines were showed to alleviate Pb(II)-induced root inhibition, reduce the accumulation of Pb(II), and enhance transcription of AtPDR12 which was previously shown to function as a potential Pb(II) efflux pump contributing to Pb(II) detoxification. However, all the Pb(II) tolerance responses were abolished when SbLRR2 was transformed into the atpdr12 mutant. Meanwhile, the extracellular localization of SbLRR2 was shown to be essential for the enhanced Pb(II) tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis. Together, these results indicated that SbLRR2-mediated Pb(II) tolerance was dependent on AtPDR12 via Pb(II) extrusion. Further investigations revealed the Pb(II)-induced transcriptional activation of SbLRR2 and several highly conserved AtPDR12 homologs in sorghum seedlings, suggesting the possibilities of a common molecular mechanism for Pb(II) tolerance in diverse plant species. Finally, an iTRAQ-based LC-MS/MS quantitative proteomics approach was used to investigate of lead responses in Arabidopsis. A total of 114 proteins showed significant changes in protein abundance with 58 up-regulated and 56 down-regulated proteins. Analysis of changes in the protein profile revealed that the photosynthesis, photorespiration and protein biosynthesis in Arabidopsis were inhibited under lead toxicity. On the other hand, abundances of proteins involved in the antioxidant system, glucosinolate-myrosinase system and JA biosynthesis pathway were elevated upon Pb(II) treatment. Further investigation revealed that Pb(II) stress induced a rapid increase of JA contents in Arabidopsis whereas a JA biosynthesis deficient mutant (AOS) showed hypersensitivity to Pb(II) toxicity, strongly implicating a significant role of JA in Pb(II) response.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution-NonCommerical 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.subject.lcshSorghum - Genetics-
dc.subject.lcshArabidopsis - Genetics-
dc.titleFunctional characterization of a sorghum simple extracellular leucine-rich repeat protein and proteomic investigations of lead response in Arabidopsis-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5153725-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineBiological Sciences-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5153725-

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