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postgraduate thesis: Prevention of early childhood caries through training in parental toothbrushing and fluoride varnish application

TitlePrevention of early childhood caries through training in parental toothbrushing and fluoride varnish application
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Wong, MCMLo, ECM
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Jiang, M. [姜鸣]. (2013). Prevention of early childhood caries through training in parental toothbrushing and fluoride varnish application. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153687
AbstractIntroduction: Early childhood caries (ECC) is common among Hong Kong preschool children. It is a disease caused by dental plaque bacteria and may be controlled by good toothbrushing habits. However, preschool children are often too young to perform effective tothbrushing, and therefore parental toothbrushing is recommended for them. The oral hygiene status of Hong Kong preschool children is usually not good and parental toothbrushing is not common. Fluoride varnish is effective in preventing dental caries in school children and adolescents but its effectiveness in preventing dental caries in preschool children is still inconclusive. Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of hands-on training in parental toothbrushing, with or without semi-annual applications of a 5% sodium fluoride varnish in preventing ECC. Methods: Children aged 8-23 months were recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups: Group 1 - positive control, a brief oral health education to parents; Group 2 - oral health education to parents, hands-on training in parental toothbrushing, and home visits every six months to reinforce parental toothbrushing; Group 3 - application of a 5% sodium fluoride varnish onto the child’s teeth during home visits in addition to the intervention provided to Group 2. Clinical examination of the children and a questionnaire survey of the parents were conducted at baseline. Interventions for the children and parents were delivered according to their group assignment. Evaluation of the main outcome, development of new dental caries, was conducted after 24 months through clinical examination. Information on children’s oral health-related behaviors and parents’ knowledge of and attitude towards their child’s oral health was collected using a questionnaire at the 24-month follow-up. Results: Out of the 450 children recruited at baseline, 415 (92%) children were examined after 24 months and all examined children’s parents completed the questionnaire. Including both noncavitated and cavitated carious lesions, the incidences of ECC in Gp1 to Gp3 were 11.9%, 11.8%, and 17.5%, respectively (p > 0.05) and; the mean dmfs scores in Gp1 to Gp3 were 0.3, 0.2, and 0.4, respectively (p > 0.05). Proportions of parents who practiced parental toothbrushing twice a day were 62.7%, 60.4%, and 65.7% in Gp1, Gp2, and Gp3, respectively (p > 0.05). Results from a logistic regression analysis showed that children who were older, who had poorer oral hygiene, who had high frequency of sugary snack intake, who had visited a dentist during the study, and whose parents had lower education level would have a higher chance to develop new dental caries during the 24-month study period. Conclusion: Hands-on training in parental toothbrushing, reinforced by face-to-face interview every 6 months, with or without a semi-annual application of 5% sodium fluoride varnish, may not have any additional effect on preventing development of dental caries in young children compared to the standard oral health education provided to parents in Hong Kong. The child’s socio-demographic background, oral hygiene status, and frequency of sugary snack intake are related to ECC.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectDental caries in children - Prevention
Fluorides - Therapeutic use
Dept/ProgramDentistry
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196007

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorWong, MCM-
dc.contributor.advisorLo, ECM-
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Ming-
dc.contributor.author姜鸣-
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-21T03:50:04Z-
dc.date.available2014-03-21T03:50:04Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationJiang, M. [姜鸣]. (2013). Prevention of early childhood caries through training in parental toothbrushing and fluoride varnish application. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153687-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/196007-
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Early childhood caries (ECC) is common among Hong Kong preschool children. It is a disease caused by dental plaque bacteria and may be controlled by good toothbrushing habits. However, preschool children are often too young to perform effective tothbrushing, and therefore parental toothbrushing is recommended for them. The oral hygiene status of Hong Kong preschool children is usually not good and parental toothbrushing is not common. Fluoride varnish is effective in preventing dental caries in school children and adolescents but its effectiveness in preventing dental caries in preschool children is still inconclusive. Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of hands-on training in parental toothbrushing, with or without semi-annual applications of a 5% sodium fluoride varnish in preventing ECC. Methods: Children aged 8-23 months were recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups: Group 1 - positive control, a brief oral health education to parents; Group 2 - oral health education to parents, hands-on training in parental toothbrushing, and home visits every six months to reinforce parental toothbrushing; Group 3 - application of a 5% sodium fluoride varnish onto the child’s teeth during home visits in addition to the intervention provided to Group 2. Clinical examination of the children and a questionnaire survey of the parents were conducted at baseline. Interventions for the children and parents were delivered according to their group assignment. Evaluation of the main outcome, development of new dental caries, was conducted after 24 months through clinical examination. Information on children’s oral health-related behaviors and parents’ knowledge of and attitude towards their child’s oral health was collected using a questionnaire at the 24-month follow-up. Results: Out of the 450 children recruited at baseline, 415 (92%) children were examined after 24 months and all examined children’s parents completed the questionnaire. Including both noncavitated and cavitated carious lesions, the incidences of ECC in Gp1 to Gp3 were 11.9%, 11.8%, and 17.5%, respectively (p > 0.05) and; the mean dmfs scores in Gp1 to Gp3 were 0.3, 0.2, and 0.4, respectively (p > 0.05). Proportions of parents who practiced parental toothbrushing twice a day were 62.7%, 60.4%, and 65.7% in Gp1, Gp2, and Gp3, respectively (p > 0.05). Results from a logistic regression analysis showed that children who were older, who had poorer oral hygiene, who had high frequency of sugary snack intake, who had visited a dentist during the study, and whose parents had lower education level would have a higher chance to develop new dental caries during the 24-month study period. Conclusion: Hands-on training in parental toothbrushing, reinforced by face-to-face interview every 6 months, with or without a semi-annual application of 5% sodium fluoride varnish, may not have any additional effect on preventing development of dental caries in young children compared to the standard oral health education provided to parents in Hong Kong. The child’s socio-demographic background, oral hygiene status, and frequency of sugary snack intake are related to ECC.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshDental caries in children - Prevention-
dc.subject.lcshFluorides - Therapeutic use-
dc.titlePrevention of early childhood caries through training in parental toothbrushing and fluoride varnish application-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5153687-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineDentistry-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5153687-

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