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postgraduate thesis: Behaviour and design of cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel members

TitleBehaviour and design of cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel members
Authors
Advisors
Advisor(s):Young, B
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)
Citation
Huang, Y. [黃韵兒]. (2013). Behaviour and design of cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel members. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153686
AbstractCold-formed stainless steel sections have been increasingly used in architectural and structural applications. Yet the high price of stainless steel limits the application to construction projects. The lean duplex stainless steel (EN 1.4162) offers an opportunity for stainless steels to be used more widely due to its competitive in price, good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. The lean duplex stainless steel is a relatively new material, and research on this material is limited. Currently, the lean duplex stainless steel is not covered in any design specification, and no design rules are available for such material. Therefore, the behaviour and design of cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel members are investigated in this study. The investigation focused on columns, beams and beam-columns of square and rectangular hollow sections. Both experimental and numerical investigations were performed and reported. Design rules for cold-form lean duplex stainless steel members are proposed. The experimental investigation included material tests, column tests, beam tests and beam-column tests at room and elevated temperatures ranged from 24 – 900 °C. The test specimens were cold-rolled from flat strips. The test program consists of two square hollow sections and four rectangular hollow sections. Coupon specimens were extracted from each hollow section, and their material properties were obtained from tensile coupon tests at room temperature and elevated temperatures. In this study, a modified design rule was proposed to predict the cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel material properties at elevated temperatures. The local and overall geometric imperfections were measured. A total of 38 column tests were conducted. The effective column length ranged from 75 to 1660 mm in order to obtain a column curve for each test series. The test program for beams included 10 pure bending tests, and the bending capacities of the specimens were determined. A total of 37 beam-column specimens were compressed between pinned ends at different eccentricities in order to obtain an interactive curve for each series of test. Numerical investigation on columns, beams and beam-columns at room temperature as well as elevated temperatures are also presented. Accurate finite element models were developed and verified against the experimental results for columns, beams and beam-columns at room temperature. The structural members at elevated temperatures were simulated by replacing the material properties with those obtained at elevated temperatures. Extensive parametric studies were carried out, including 150 columns, 126 beams and 150 beam-columns at room temperature, as well as 180 columns, 125 beams and 195 beam-columns at elevated temperatures. Column, beam and beam-column strengths obtained from the experimental and numerical investigations as well as available data were compared with the design strengths calculated using American, Australian/New Zealand, European specifications for stainless steel structures of duplex material, since lean duplex material is not covered by these specifications. In addition, direct strength method for carbon steel and stainless steel as well as continuous strength method for stainless steel were assessed for cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel. Modified design rules were proposed. The reliability of the current and modified design rules was evaluated using reliability analysis.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
SubjectDuplex stainless steel - Cold working
Dept/ProgramCivil Engineering
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/195980

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorYoung, B-
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Yun'er-
dc.contributor.author黃韵兒-
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-21T03:50:02Z-
dc.date.available2014-03-21T03:50:02Z-
dc.date.issued2013-
dc.identifier.citationHuang, Y. [黃韵兒]. (2013). Behaviour and design of cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel members. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5353/th_b5153686-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/195980-
dc.description.abstractCold-formed stainless steel sections have been increasingly used in architectural and structural applications. Yet the high price of stainless steel limits the application to construction projects. The lean duplex stainless steel (EN 1.4162) offers an opportunity for stainless steels to be used more widely due to its competitive in price, good mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. The lean duplex stainless steel is a relatively new material, and research on this material is limited. Currently, the lean duplex stainless steel is not covered in any design specification, and no design rules are available for such material. Therefore, the behaviour and design of cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel members are investigated in this study. The investigation focused on columns, beams and beam-columns of square and rectangular hollow sections. Both experimental and numerical investigations were performed and reported. Design rules for cold-form lean duplex stainless steel members are proposed. The experimental investigation included material tests, column tests, beam tests and beam-column tests at room and elevated temperatures ranged from 24 – 900 °C. The test specimens were cold-rolled from flat strips. The test program consists of two square hollow sections and four rectangular hollow sections. Coupon specimens were extracted from each hollow section, and their material properties were obtained from tensile coupon tests at room temperature and elevated temperatures. In this study, a modified design rule was proposed to predict the cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel material properties at elevated temperatures. The local and overall geometric imperfections were measured. A total of 38 column tests were conducted. The effective column length ranged from 75 to 1660 mm in order to obtain a column curve for each test series. The test program for beams included 10 pure bending tests, and the bending capacities of the specimens were determined. A total of 37 beam-column specimens were compressed between pinned ends at different eccentricities in order to obtain an interactive curve for each series of test. Numerical investigation on columns, beams and beam-columns at room temperature as well as elevated temperatures are also presented. Accurate finite element models were developed and verified against the experimental results for columns, beams and beam-columns at room temperature. The structural members at elevated temperatures were simulated by replacing the material properties with those obtained at elevated temperatures. Extensive parametric studies were carried out, including 150 columns, 126 beams and 150 beam-columns at room temperature, as well as 180 columns, 125 beams and 195 beam-columns at elevated temperatures. Column, beam and beam-column strengths obtained from the experimental and numerical investigations as well as available data were compared with the design strengths calculated using American, Australian/New Zealand, European specifications for stainless steel structures of duplex material, since lean duplex material is not covered by these specifications. In addition, direct strength method for carbon steel and stainless steel as well as continuous strength method for stainless steel were assessed for cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel. Modified design rules were proposed. The reliability of the current and modified design rules was evaluated using reliability analysis.-
dc.languageeng-
dc.publisherThe University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong)-
dc.relation.ispartofHKU Theses Online (HKUTO)-
dc.rightsThe author retains all proprietary rights, (such as patent rights) and the right to use in future works.-
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.subject.lcshDuplex stainless steel - Cold working-
dc.titleBehaviour and design of cold-formed lean duplex stainless steel members-
dc.typePG_Thesis-
dc.identifier.hkulb5153686-
dc.description.thesisnameDoctor of Philosophy-
dc.description.thesislevelDoctoral-
dc.description.thesisdisciplineCivil Engineering-
dc.description.naturepublished_or_final_version-
dc.identifier.doi10.5353/th_b5153686-

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