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Conference Paper: Maritime Transmission of the Monastic Order of Nuns to China

TitleMaritime Transmission of the Monastic Order of Nuns to China
Authors
Issue Date2013
PublisherThe Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC).
Citation
The 2013 Annual Conference of the Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC), Kyoto, Japan, 10-12 December 2013. How to Cite?
AbstractThis short paper is a study of the issues concerning the transmission of the proper Bhiksuni Ordination to China from Sri Lanka. It is reported in Baochang’s 寶唱 (467-534?) Biqiunizhuan (the Biography of Nuns) that an Indian merchant named Nanti 竺難提 came to China by ship in 429 from the sea route in the south. He brought together with him eleven Buddhist nuns to establish the dual ordination for Bhiksunis in China, but three died on the way and eight survived. However the requirement for such dual ordination ceremony is ten fully ordained nuns so the merchant Nanti was asked to go back and bring some more nuns for the purpose. As a result, the merchant Nanti again brought another three nuns headed by Devasara to China in 433. Thus the dual ordination for Bhiksunis was performed and the proper Buddhist Bhiksuni Order was established in China. This story demonstrates first the close relationship between merchants and Buddhism and without the help of merchants Buddhism might not be so successfully transmitted to other part of Asia. This is particularly true for the sea route from India to China. Second the importance of the maritime trade route from South Asia through South East Asia to China and Far East.
DescriptionConference Theme: New Paradigms on Humanities Computing: Linking Knowledge on Human Activities
Session: Buddhism 2
Persistent Identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/194817

 

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGuang, Xen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-17T02:12:47Z-
dc.date.available2014-02-17T02:12:47Z-
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationThe 2013 Annual Conference of the Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC), Kyoto, Japan, 10-12 December 2013.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10722/194817-
dc.descriptionConference Theme: New Paradigms on Humanities Computing: Linking Knowledge on Human Activities-
dc.descriptionSession: Buddhism 2-
dc.description.abstractThis short paper is a study of the issues concerning the transmission of the proper Bhiksuni Ordination to China from Sri Lanka. It is reported in Baochang’s 寶唱 (467-534?) Biqiunizhuan (the Biography of Nuns) that an Indian merchant named Nanti 竺難提 came to China by ship in 429 from the sea route in the south. He brought together with him eleven Buddhist nuns to establish the dual ordination for Bhiksunis in China, but three died on the way and eight survived. However the requirement for such dual ordination ceremony is ten fully ordained nuns so the merchant Nanti was asked to go back and bring some more nuns for the purpose. As a result, the merchant Nanti again brought another three nuns headed by Devasara to China in 433. Thus the dual ordination for Bhiksunis was performed and the proper Buddhist Bhiksuni Order was established in China. This story demonstrates first the close relationship between merchants and Buddhism and without the help of merchants Buddhism might not be so successfully transmitted to other part of Asia. This is particularly true for the sea route from India to China. Second the importance of the maritime trade route from South Asia through South East Asia to China and Far East.-
dc.languageengen_US
dc.publisherThe Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC).-
dc.relation.ispartofAnnual Conference of the Pacific Neighborhood Consortium, PNC 2013en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License-
dc.titleMaritime Transmission of the Monastic Order of Nuns to Chinaen_US
dc.typeConference_Paperen_US
dc.identifier.emailGuang, X: guangxin@hku.hken_US
dc.identifier.authorityGuang, X=rp01138en_US
dc.identifier.hkuros227695en_US
dc.publisher.placeTaiwan-

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